Ew by practical action nepal


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Ew by practical action nepal

  1. 1. Early Warning – establishing last mile connectivity: an experience from Nepal Presented jointly by Mercy Corps and Practical Action
  2. 2. Earlier days • Indigenous knowledge and traditional practices – Looking at clouds – Color and smell of water – Animal’s behavior
  3. 3. 10 years down the line…. • Weather forecasting – Max/min temperature – Probability of occurrence of rainfall – River data was available but not used for forecasting purposes • Glacier lake outburst information • Tower based watch and warn system
  4. 4. 2006 onwards • Improved tower based watch and warn system • River basin systems linking downstream communities with upstream river and rainfall stations
  5. 5. 2006 onwards • Lead time was identified in piloted areas • Alternative communication and dissemination channel both at district and community level was formulated to reach the last mile in pilot areas • Strengthen coordination with district authorities, DHM and other stakeholders
  6. 6. Current stage of EWS in Nepal • Communities, local, district and national authorities started recognizing EWS as a key component for DRR • EWS incorporated in local, district, and national level Disaster management plans
  7. 7. Current stage of EWS in Nepal … • Government authorities have taken lead to draft National Strategy for Early Warning of Natural Disasters in Nepal • DHM has actively contributed to develop EWS training manual
  8. 8. Current stage of EWS in Nepal … • Feasibility study for establishing more river gauge stations by DHM • Extension and expansion of telemetric system • Web based flood warning services is available at www.hydrology.gov.np
  9. 9. Current stage of EWS in Nepal … • SMS services in piloted areas • Media engagement in warning services through local FM stations • Communities proactively accessing information from upstream gauging stations
  10. 10. Real time experience in 2010 • 19/20 July 2010 flood in Banke • 24 August 2010 flood in Chitwan DHM role - On time warning service through phone, SMS to district authorities, communities and media District level - District authority called for an emergency meeting - Security forces at alert - Started preparing for response by checking stocks and resources for response
  11. 11. Real time experience in 2010 … Community level - Used hand-operated siren and megaphones to ensure last mile connectivity - EWS task forces mobilized community for safe evacuation - Continued coordination with security personnel, district authorities and gauge readers at the upstream
  12. 12. EWS coverage in Nepal Number of river systems with gauge station 37 Number of meteorological stations 281 Number of district covered 12 Number of district level EWS committee 7 Number of VDC covered 98 Number of people trained in EWS 632 Number of CBEWS established 124 Number of EWS task forces 75 Material provided to the community for EWS -Siren -Hand-mike -CDMA phone 74 129 46
  13. 13. EWS coverage in Nepal
  14. 14. EWS joint activities by DIPECHO partners • Field testing of EWS training manual with all DIPECHO partners • Implementation of EWS component by Action Aid Nepal, CARE Nepal, Oxfam • EWS users’ workshop
  15. 15. Major challenges • Functional Disaster Management authority and platform in Nepal • Delay in adaptation of draft EWS strategy due to political vacuum • Keeping community level EWS committee alive in case of less frequent disastrous event • Last mile connectivity throughout the country • Multi-hazard EWS approach
  16. 16. Ways forward • Replication of CBEWS in other river basin areas • Piloting EWS for other hazards • Technical capabilities • Advocacy and lobbying with government authorities and other stakeholders • Collaboration with DHM and other government departments for wider coverage and institutionalization • Guideline for district and community authorities for establishment of community managed EWS
  17. 17. Food for thought • What should be the advocacy strategy for ensuring last mile connectivity throughout the country? • How to keep community level EWS committee alive in case of less frequent disastrous events? • How to incorporate multi-hazard approach effectively in existing EWS? • How to link next communities situated crossed the border facing same disasters