Ain preminary observation


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Ain preminary observation

  1. 1. Emergency Preparedness and Response System in Nepal ( Taking Koshi flood of 2008, Kailali and Kanchanpur flood of 2008 and 09, Doti and Achham landslide 2009 and Jajarkot and Rukum Diarrhoea of 2009) Some preliminary observations DPNet DPP 2010 Meeting December 24, 2009 Dhruba Raj Gautam [email_address] Researcher/Consultant AINTGDM AINTGDM Study 2009
  2. 2. GOOD PRACTICES <ul><li>a. Government perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>DDRC's role was acknowledged by all stakeholders: Joint coordination among UN, GON and I/NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Public-private partnership: Role of FNCCI </li></ul><ul><li>Advance planning: pre-monsoon workshops and contingency planning </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster approach-GoN led: easy to allocate roles and responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Good approach of CMC (in Koshi) </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of flood prone VDCs in advance </li></ul>
  3. 3. GOOD PRACTICES.. <ul><li>b. UN Perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Clusters approach to aware and responsive </li></ul><ul><li>High level cooperation from GoN </li></ul><ul><li>Equipped institutions at all level </li></ul><ul><li>Good coordination among stakeholders </li></ul>
  4. 4. GOOD PRACTICES.. <ul><li>c. I/NGO Perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Use of contingency planning and scenario mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusion of local level stakeholders in cluster system </li></ul><ul><li>Culture of report updating: values of information system, its rationale </li></ul><ul><li>Reaching the un-reached: PwD, lactating and pregnant women, poor </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability and hazard mapping in advance </li></ul>
  5. 5. GOOD PRACTICES.. <ul><li>d. People's perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of women volunteers (In Koshi response) </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile health camp ((In Koshi response)) </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum utilization of local resources: FNCCI, NRCS, Political parties, Marwadi Sewa Samittee, etc </li></ul>
  6. 6. LESSONS LEARNED <ul><li>a. Government perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Effective mobilization of political parties </li></ul><ul><li>GoN's staff turnover hampered the effective response </li></ul><ul><li>b. UN Perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Clusters approach for making accountable, predictable and reliable organizational leaders </li></ul><ul><li>'Humanitarian hubs' for quick response as in Koshi </li></ul>
  7. 7. LESSONS LEARNED.. <ul><li>c. I/NGO Perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Change DDRC's framework? Difficult to mobilize CDOs during response </li></ul><ul><li>Poor visibility of cluster approach: geographic?? </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency fund </li></ul><ul><li>Warehouse vs </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive political pressure weaken response system </li></ul><ul><li>Prime agenda: 'visibility' or 'humanitarian response' </li></ul><ul><li>d. People's perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Over media mobilization sometimes hamper the response work </li></ul><ul><li>Visits of VIPs affect response </li></ul><ul><li>Over meetings: beneficial or harmful </li></ul><ul><li>Delayed Response: no response </li></ul><ul><li>Long channel in distribution of UN </li></ul>
  8. 8. GAPs <ul><li>a. Government perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency focal person from GoN, DDRC is a loose forum </li></ul><ul><li>Variation in data: difficult to decide for response </li></ul><ul><li>b. UN Perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency fund at centre and districts </li></ul>
  9. 9. GAPs <ul><li>c. I/NGO Perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion between UN and I/NGO delayed the response </li></ul><ul><li>Different formats and information's used </li></ul><ul><li>Poor awareness about the SHPERE standard </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-positioning: funds, materials, trained HRs </li></ul><ul><li>'Humanitarian' vs. 'development priority' of INGOs </li></ul><ul><li>d. People's perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of victims: double citizenship and no citizenship certificates (in Koshi) </li></ul><ul><li>Search and rescue, first aid, with sufficient materials: security forces sometimes helpless </li></ul>
  10. 10. THE WAY FORWARD <ul><li>a. Government perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Effective early warning system </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility in resource mobilization of orgn: DP to ER </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional mappings at centre and district </li></ul><ul><li>Roaster of trained people with specified skills </li></ul><ul><li>Nepal/country specific SPHERE standard </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster friendly technology: trail/demonstration in advance viz. toilet during inundation </li></ul><ul><li>b. UN Perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Need clear exit strategy while forming the cluster approach </li></ul><ul><li>Specialist UN agencies should have an Independent role in monitoring thematic issues in a cluster response </li></ul><ul><li>Database needs periodically updated with action </li></ul>
  11. 11. THE WAY FORWARD <ul><li>c. I/NGO Perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Increase community empowerment and resilience </li></ul><ul><li>Focus 'relief to rehabilitation': Paradigm shift </li></ul><ul><li>Realize response as 'everyone business' not only DDRC or NRCS </li></ul><ul><li>Increase efficiency of the responders through capacity building initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Data formats and standards agreed in advance </li></ul><ul><li>Widen the perspectives from 'development' to 'emergency'-hinder in response work </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of special taskforce from MoHA for peak emergency period, CDO has other priories?? </li></ul>
  12. 12. THE WAY FORWARD.. <ul><li>d. People's perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Establish effective response (mercy-led to duty-based) </li></ul><ul><li>Making people more responsive: from 'followers' to 'leaders' </li></ul><ul><li>Give larger role to local club, NGOs rather outside orgn </li></ul><ul><li>Redefine the one-door-policy </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure adequate security during response </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of ware houses with preposition of sufficient materials </li></ul><ul><li>Situation assessment by only one agreed team </li></ul><ul><li>Safe space identification in advance, safe exit </li></ul><ul><li>Response intensive training with materials viz. life jackets, rope, whistle, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare volunteer bank for emergency period </li></ul>