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Devi prasad roy chowdhury

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Devi prasad roy chowdhury

  1. 1. DEVI PRASAD ROY CHOWDHURY AN ARTIST OF MANY COLOURS (1899 -1975) IMPORTANT SCULPTOR OF 20TH CENTURY ,INDIA
  2. 2. SIR DEVI PRASAD (1899-1975) WAS BORN IN RANGPUR. HE HAD HIS EARLY EDUCATION AT HOME BUT ALSO STUDIED LIFE DRAWING AND POTRAITS UNDER AN ITALIAN PAINTER ‘ E.BOYESS ‘ . HE LEARNT PAINTING FROM SIR AVNINDRANATH TAGORE. HE PRODUCED PAINTINGS WHICH WERE A MIXTER OF CHINESE TECHNIQUE, JAPANESE WASH PROCESS AND HIS OWN SCRATCHING METHOD . BUT HIS EARLY PAINTINGS HAD INFLUENCE OF HIS TEACHER , AVNINDRANATH TAGORE. THE REALISTIC STYLE… WAS REFLECTING IN HIS PAINTINGS.
  3. 3. HE LEARNT SCULPTING FROM HIROMONY CHOWDHURY. HE VISITED ITALY FOR FURTHER LEARNING. THIS IS WHEN HE GAVE UP THE INFLUENCE OF BENGAL SCHOOL AND ADOPTED THE WESTERN TECHNIQUES. HE BROUGHT WESTERN ELEMENTS IN HIS WORK. HE MADE MONUMENTAL AND LIFE-SIZE SCULPTURES. HE WAS THE FIRST BENGALI ARTIST TO INTRODUCE WORK IN BRONZE. A COMBINATION OF WESTERN AND INDIAN STYLE IS CLEARLY SEEN IN HIS PAINTINGS ALSO. WHILE THE COLOURS AND TECHINIQUES ARE WESTERN , THE THEMES ARE PURELY INDIAN. SO, BESIDES PAINTING HE ALSO PRACTICED SCULPTING REGULARLY.
  4. 4. HE WORKED AT THE ORIENTAL SCHOOL OF ART AFTER HIS STUDIES WERE COMPLETED. THE SCHOOL IS SITUATED IN CALCUTTA . HE SERVED THERE AS A TEACHER FOR NOT LESS THAN TWENTY EIGHT YEARS.
  5. 5. DURING WHICH HE MOVED TO MADRAS. HE SERVED AS THE HEAD OF DEPARTMENT FOR THE ‘ GOVERNMENT COLLEGE OF ARTS AND CRAFTS , MADRAS.’ ( 1928-1958) HE HAS TAUGHT STUDENTS LIKE PARITOSH SEN , NIRODE MAJUMDAR, PRODOSH DAS GUPTA - THE INITIATORS OF CALCUTTA GROUP. ANOTHER STUDENT WHICH BECAME WELL-KNOWN LATER IS GOPAL SEN. THESE STUDENTS ARE ALSO INTERNATIONALLY REPUTED. HE CREATED NUMEROUS SCULPTURES DURING HIS JOB TOO. DURING THIS IN 1937, THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT HONOURED HIM , AS THE MOST EXALTED MEMBER OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE. (M.B.E)
  6. 6. ROY CHOWDHURY’S DRAMATIC PAINTINGS SOME OF HIS NOTEWORTHY WORKS ARE : • AN INMATE OF HAREM • RAASLEELA • MA • THE TRIBUNE • THE MAN WITH A LARGE CLOAK AND A HAT • SHARAD PRATIMA • JIBAN SANDHYA • SURER NESHI • GADI WHERE,THE WESTERN MODE OF PERSPECTIVE STYLE AND COMPOSITION MADE HIS WORK RHYTHMIC AND AT THE SAME TIME FULL OF EXCELLENCE AND BEAUTY.
  7. 7. FEW OF HIS WORKS IN DETAIL AN INMATE OF THE HAREM Material: PENCIL, INK & WATERCOLOUR. ON PLAIN PAPER. Measurement : 23cm(H) , 31cm(W) RAS LEELA Material: PENCIL, WATERCOLOUR. ON PLAIN PAPER.
  8. 8. A DRAMATIC POSE OF A MAN IN A LARGE CLOAK AND HAT THE TRIBUNE
  9. 9. ROY CHOWDHURY’S SCULPTURES .. • THE TRIUMPH OF LABOUR , HOUSED IN DELHI. • SHAHID SMRITI, PLACED IN FRONT OF BIHAR SECRETARY. • TEMPLE ENTRY PROCLAMATION , TRIBANDRUM. • GANDHIJI’S DANDI OBHIJAN, AT CALCUTTA. • SIR ASHUTOSH HE CHOSE HIS FIGURES FROM THE CROWD ON STREETS. HE MINGLED FREELY AMONG MEN AND WOMEN OF A LESS ADVANTAGED CLASS IN PREFERENCE TO THE STUDIO MODELS. CHOWDHURY’S RANGE OF SCULPTURES INCLUDED LIFE SIZED STATUES AND LARGER THAN LIFE SIZE WORKS.
  10. 10. THE TRIUMPH OF LABOUR (NATIONAL GALLERY OF MODERN ART, NEW DELHI) PERFECT STUDY OF LABOUR BODY THE LABOURERS ARE SHOWN PUTTING PRESSURE ON THE HARD ROCK. THE GREAT SENSE OF DEVI PRASAD ROY’S OBSERVATION IS CLEARLY EVIDENT IN HIS WORK. WINTER THE WORK IS DONE IN BRONZE. (54 X 40.5 X 54 CM )
  11. 11. SHAHID SMARAK MARTYR'S MEMORIAL PATNA THIS IS A MEMORIAL TO SEVEN FREEDOM FIGHTERS WHO SACRIFICED THEIR LIVES FOR THE QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT IN 1942. GANDHIJI’S DANDI OBHIYAN THIS MASSIVE BLACK SCULPTURE IS SHEER POETRY IN STONE, DEPICTS THE FAMOUS DANDI MARCH LED BY MAHATMA GANDHI IN 1931, AGAINST OPPRESSIVE SALT TAXES IMPOSED BY THE BRITISH REGIME. THIS SCULPTURE IS LOCATED OUTSIDE PRESIDENT HOUSE ,DELHI .
  12. 12. EXHIBITIONS • 1933-34 FIRST SOLO SHOW, CALCUTTA. 1989 RETROSPECTIVE, • BIRLA ACADEMY OF ART AND CULTURE, CALCUTTA. 2003 • MANIFESTATIONS, ORGANISED BY DELHI ART GALLERY, • WORLD TRADE CENTER, MUMBAI AND DELHI ART GALLERY, NEW DELHI. • 2004 MANIFESTATIONS II, ORGANISED BY DELHI ART GALLERY, JEHANGIR ART GALLERY, • MUMBAI AND DELHI ART GALLERY, NEW DELHI. 2005 MANIFESTATIONS III, ORGANISED BY DELHI ART GALLERY, NEHRU CENTER, MUMBAI AND • LALIT KALA AKADEMI, NEW DELHI. COLLECTION • BIRLA ACADEMY OF ART AND CULTURE, CALCUTTA. • LALIT KALA AKADEMI, NEW DELHI. • MADRAS MUSEUM, MADRAS, • NATIONAL GALLERY OF MODERN ART, NEW DELHI. • SRICHITRALAYAM AND JAGMOHAN PALACE SALAR JUNG MUSEUM, HYDERABAD. • TRAVANCORE ART GALLERY, KERALA. • DELHI ART GALLERY, NEW DELHI.
  13. 13. THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME AND CONSIDERATION Dipak Kumar Singh MVA

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