Psalm 23   Presented By: Dionne Spence
Introduction & Background   Most scholars agree that David (either as a    shepherd boy or as King) wrote Psalm 23.   Th...
Psalm 23 (KJV)The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want.2 He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me   besi...
Key Words The following are words and their meanings/interpretation to assist our understanding and to bring revelation of...
Lord   Hebrew: Y@hovah   Jehovah = "the existing One"   the proper name of the one true God   The author (David) makes...
Shepherd                                  Hebrew: Ra’ahAdapted from (Smith’s Bible Name Dictionary)- The ancestors of the...
Soul   Hebrew - nephesh   Genesis 2:7 KJV- And the LORD God formed man of the dust of    the ground, and breathed into h...
RestoreHebrew: ShuwbSynonyms: repay, renew, refresh, requite recompense, reward,  reactivate, mend, rebuild, reverse, rein...
Leads   Hebrew: Nahal   Verb   to lead, give rest, lead with care, guide to a watering place or    station, cause to re...
Prepares   Hebrew: `arak   to arrange, set or put or lay in order, set in array, prepare, order,    ordain, handle, furn...
Anoints   Hebrew: Dashen   to be fat, grow fat, become fat, become prosperous,    anoint   –verb (used with object) 1. ...
The Promises of Psalm 23   We have a “Shepherd” watching over us with great    care [to feed, guide, and shield us] AMP ....
The Promises of Psalm 23 (cont’d)   We do not have to fear because He is with us and    He equips us with a rod (protecti...
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Psalm 23 advanced

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Not your average kiddie version of Psalm 23!

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Psalm 23 advanced

  1. 1. Psalm 23 Presented By: Dionne Spence
  2. 2. Introduction & Background Most scholars agree that David (either as a shepherd boy or as King) wrote Psalm 23. This Psalm is written from a point of personal testimony ascribing honor and reverence to the Lord. Psalm 23 is also a praise or prayer directly to the Lord acknowledging all that He is doing and will do for the author/sheep. Psalm 23 out lines the benefits of having a relationship with the “Good Shepherd” Personal reflection, practical application, and hope for the future are all presented in this psalm.
  3. 3. Psalm 23 (KJV)The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want.2 He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.3 He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his names sake.4 Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.5 Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.6 Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the Lord for ever.
  4. 4. Key Words The following are words and their meanings/interpretation to assist our understanding and to bring revelation of the author’s point of view.
  5. 5. Lord Hebrew: Y@hovah Jehovah = "the existing One" the proper name of the one true God The author (David) makes it clear who he is referring at the beginning of the text.
  6. 6. Shepherd Hebrew: Ra’ahAdapted from (Smith’s Bible Name Dictionary)- The ancestors of the Jews in the patriarchal age were nomads The office of the eastern shepherd was attended with much hardship, and even danger Shepherds were exposed to the extremes of heat and cold (Genesis 31:40) Shepherd had to encounter the attacks of wild beasts, occasionally of the larger species, such as lions, nerves, panthers and bears Nor was [The Shepherd] free from the risk of robbers or predators hordes (1 Samuel 17:34) Shepherds supplied the flock of sheep with water, either at a running stream or at troughs attached to wells At evening [The Shepherd] brought them back to the fold, and counted them to see that none were missing, and searched/fought for any stray. The shepherds office required great watchfulness, particularly by night It also required tenderness toward the young and feeble, (Isaiah 40:11) particularly in driving them to and from the pasturage
  7. 7. Soul Hebrew - nephesh Genesis 2:7 KJV- And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. –noun 1. the principle of life, feeling, thought, and action in humans, regarded as a distinct entity separate from the body, and commonly held to be separable in existence from the body; the spiritual part of humans as distinct from the physical part. 2. the spiritual part of humans regarded in its moral aspect, or as believed to survive death and be subject to happiness or misery in a life to come the emotional part of human nature; the seat of the feelings or sentiments shared ethnic awareness and pride among black people, especially black Americans.
  8. 8. RestoreHebrew: ShuwbSynonyms: repay, renew, refresh, requite recompense, reward, reactivate, mend, rebuild, reverse, reinstate (etc.)–verb (used with object), -stored, -stor·ing. to bring back into existence, use, or the like; reestablish: to restore order. 2. to bring back to a former, original, or normal condition, as a building, statue, or painting. 3. to bring back to a state of health, soundness, or vigor. 4. to put back to a former place, or to a former position, rank, etc.: to restore the king to his throne. 5. to give back; make return or restitution of (anything taken away or lost). 6. to reproduce or reconstruct (an ancient building, extinct animal, etc.) in the original state.
  9. 9. Leads Hebrew: Nahal Verb to lead, give rest, lead with care, guide to a watering place or station, cause to rest, bring to a station or place of rest, guide, refresh (Piel)  to lead to a watering-place or station and cause to rest there  to lead or bring to a station or goal  to lead, guide  to give rest to  to refresh (with food) (Hithpael)  to lead on  to journey by stations or stages
  10. 10. Prepares Hebrew: `arak to arrange, set or put or lay in order, set in array, prepare, order, ordain, handle, furnish, esteem, equal, direct, compare (Qal)  to arrange or set or lay in order, arrange, state in order, set forth (a legal case), set in place  to compare, be comparable (Hiphil) to value, tax to put in proper condition or readiness to get (a meal) ready for eating, as by proper assembling, cooking, etc. to make ready beforehand for some approaching event, need, and the like
  11. 11. Anoints Hebrew: Dashen to be fat, grow fat, become fat, become prosperous, anoint –verb (used with object) 1. to rub or sprinkle on; apply an unguent, ointment, or oily liquid to. 2. to smear with any liquid. 3. to consecrate or make sacred in a ceremony that includes the token applying of oil: He anointed the new high priest. 4. to dedicate to the service of God/deity.
  12. 12. The Promises of Psalm 23 We have a “Shepherd” watching over us with great care [to feed, guide, and shield us] AMP . V-1 Our Shepherd will provide all that we need. V-1 He will lead us to places of prosperity where we can find rest. V-2 He faithfully refreshes and restores our soul (mind, emotions, will). V-3 He promises by His Name to lead us down the right path. V-3 In the darkest circumstances (even facing death) He will help us not to fear. V-4
  13. 13. The Promises of Psalm 23 (cont’d) We do not have to fear because He is with us and He equips us with a rod (protection) and a staff (guidance) to comfort us. V-4 He will bless us for all to see, especially our enemies. V-5 He will set us aside for His use over taking us with His Spirit. V-5 He guarantees that goodness, mercy, and unfailing love (AMP) will follow us all our days. V-6 Through the length of our days the house of the Lord [and His presence] shall be our dwelling place. V-6

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