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Osteoarthritis

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Complete Presentation Piece about Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is a joint disease that mostly affects cartilage. Cartilage is the slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint. Healthy cartilage allows bones to glide over each other. It also helps absorb shock of movement. In osteoarthritis, the top layer of cartilage breaks down and wears away. This allows bones under the cartilage to rub together. The rubbing causes pain, swelling, and loss of motion of the joint. Over time, the joint may lose its normal shape. Also, bone spurs may grow on the edges of the joint. Bits of bone or cartilage can break off and float inside the joint space, which causes more pain and damage.
People with osteoarthritis often have joint pain and reduced motion. Unlike some other forms of arthritis, osteoarthritis affects only joints and not internal organs. Rheumatoid arthritis - the second most common form of arthritis - affects other parts of the body besides the joints. Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis.

Who Gets Osteoarthritis?
What Causes Osteoarthritis?
How Is Osteoarthritis Diagnosed?
How Is Osteoarthritis Treated?
How Can Self-Care and a "Good-Health Attitude" Help?
What Research Is Being Done on Osteoarthritis?

Who Gets Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis occurs most often in older people. Younger people sometimes get osteoarthritis primarily from joint injuries.
What Causes Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis usually happens gradually over time. Some risk factors that might lead to it include:

Being overweight
Getting older
Joint injury
Joints that are not properly formed
A genetic defect in joint cartilage
Stresses on the joints from certain jobs and playing sports.

How Is Osteoarthritis Diagnosed?

Osteoarthritis can occur in any joint. It occurs most often in the hands, knees, hips, and spine.

Warning signs of osteoarthritis are:

Stiffness in a joint after getting out of bed or sitting for a long time
Swelling or tenderness in one or more joints
A crunching feeling or the sound of bone rubbing on bone.
http://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/Osteoarthritis/osteoarthritis_ff.asp

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Osteoarthritis

  1. 1. Osteoarthritis
  2. 2. What is Osteoarthritis?
  3. 3. Osteo - came from the Greek word osteon meaning BONE arth- came from the Greek word arthron meaning JOINT itis - meaning inflammation of something specified.
  4. 4. Osteoarthritis(OA) - It is a joint disease characterized by degeneration of articular cartilage. - It is developed by repeated overuse which involves hips, knees, neck, lower back or small joints of the hands. - “Wear and tear”
  5. 5. Risk Factors include: 1. Age 2. Sex 3. Obesity 4. Genetics 5. Daily trauma
  6. 6. What happens when you have Osteoarthritis?
  7. 7. - Your cartilage breaks down. As damage happens, the cartilage starts to wear away. - The damage makes movement painful. You may hear a grating sound when the roughened cartilage of the bones rub together.
  8. 8. Symptoms of Osteoarthritis
  9. 9. - Deep, aching pain - Trouble dressing, combing hair, gripping things, bending over, squatting, or climbing stairs depending on which joints are involved. - A joint that is warm to the touch - Morning stiffness for less than an hour
  10. 10. - Pain when walking - Stiffness after resting - Joint swells and becomes harder to move - A joint that does not have full motion
  11. 11. Surgery may be an option if: 1. You have very bad pain. 2. You have lost a lot of cartilage. 3. You have tried medicine and other treatments, but they haven't helped.
  12. 12. Exercises for Osteoarthritis
  13. 13. 1. Hamstring Stretch
  14. 14. 2. Calf Stretch
  15. 15. 3. Straight Leg Raise
  16. 16. 4. Seated Hip March
  17. 17. 5. Pillow Squeeze
  18. 18. 6. Step Ups
  19. 19. 7. Walking
  20. 20. Can OA be prevented?
  21. 21. References http://www.webmd.com/rheumatoid-arthritis/guide/most-common-arthritis-types http://www.slideshare.net/ahmedabdelmaksoud11/osteoarthritis-presentation- 3225743 http://www.osteoporosis.ca/osteoporosis-and-you/osteoporosis-and-osteoarthritis/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osteoarthritis https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joint https://www.google.com.ph/search?q=joints+with+parts&espv=2&biw=1280&bih=69 9&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj33J7H06TKAhUEEpQKHeU3BwoQ_A UIBigB#imgrc=mGzFgj19p0LG0M%3A https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=upPyeWs-6rI http://www.webmd.com/osteoarthritis/knee-pain-14/slideshow-knee-exercises http://www.arthritis.org/living-with-arthritis/exercise/benefits/osteoarthritis- exercise.php

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