Eudaimonia we today translate as flourishing, well-being, or the good life.
Flourishing, Aristotle held, is exercising and perfecting the unique capacities
we as human individuals possess – and doing so for its own sake, for the sake
of the “proper pleasure” that doing so brings: think of the pleasure of
designing Oliver Reichenstein spoke about yesterday. This idea is
corroborated by contemporary positive psychology: Contentment, well-being,
long-term life satisfaction arise from developing and exercising self-
concordance: acting in concordance with one’s own values, needs, interests,
goals, and capacities, and developing one’s capacities to do so.
Notably, humans have the ability to perform reasoned, deliberate, self-
determined action, to pursue and perfect the lasting well-being of realising
self-concordance against their outer and inner tugs. This requires virtues: The
developed skills, practices, habits to act deliberately, consciously, grounded in
insight, for its own sake, and well.