Tips DEFINITIONS: TITLE: ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION (for an experimental research paper): INTRODUCTION (for a review paper): METHODS/MATERIALS (for an experimental research paper): BODY OF THE REVIEW (for a review paper): RESULTS (for an experimental research paper): RESULTS (for a review paper): CONCLUSIONS (for a review paper): DISCUSSION (for an experimental research paper): LITERATURE CITED (for an experimental research paper): LITERATURE CITED (for a review paper): ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:
DEFINITIONS:Experimental research paper: Used to describe theexperiments performed and the implications.Review paper: The purpose of a review paper is tosuccinctly review the most recent progress inthe particular topic that you have chosen.The paper summarizes the current state of knowledgeof the topic and creates an understanding of the topicfor the reader by discussing the findings presented inrecent research papers.
TITLE:The title MUST be in English (as well as yoursubmission language). ABSTRACT:The abstract MUST also be in English (as well as yoursubmission language).Make sure that the abstract is a short summary of thestudy, with primary emphasis on results andconclusions.Keep to less than 250 words.
INTRODUCTION (for an experimental research paper):Establish the context of the work being reported and discusses relevant literature. Theintroduction usually answers questions such as, "What was I studying, and why was it animportant question? What was known about the topic before I did this study, and how will mywork advance our knowledge?" Indicate the purpose of the paper and present appropriatebackground.INTRODUCTION (for a review paper):Make it brief, attract the reader’s attention, explainthe big picture and relevance, and provide necessarybackground information.Establish the context of the work being reported anddiscuss relevant literature.The introduction usually answers questions suchas, "What was I reviewing, and why is it an importantquestion?”
METHODS/MATERIALS (for an experimental researchpaper):Document the methods performed in your study using the past tense. Explain how you carriedout your study so that others could repeat your work. Do not report any results of theexperiment in the methods section – this is the most common error made by inexperiencedwriters.BODY OF THE REVIEW (for a review paper):Make sure that you do not just list the findings of various studies but that you use whathas been published to provide a new perspective or understanding.Do the conclusions from the various studies agree, point out controversies in the field? Think about how you can make your review different from others that are beingsubmitted in the same area, or pick a topic that is not well known to explore.In terms of experimental evidence, describe important results from recent literaryarticles and then explain how these results shape our current understanding of thetopic.Construct tables/figures that synthesize data from original papers.
RESULTS (for an experimental research paper):Analyze your data, and then present the data in the form of figures (graphs), tables,and/or descriptions of observations to help you make your point succinctly andclearly.Do not present the same data in both a figure and a table – pick one.Make sure the figure or the table has a title and that each figure and table is discussedin the text with a reference to the number of the figure or table.RESULTS (for a review paper):In terms of experimental evidence,describe important results from recent literature articlesand thenexplain how these results shape our current understanding of the topic.Construct tables/figures that synthesize data from original papers.
CONCLUSIONS (for a review paper):What are the major conclusions from your review?What is the significance?What questions remain?What would be productive areas of research in the future?DISCUSSION (for an experimental research paper):Here you interpret your results in light of what is already known about the subject.The discussion connects to the introduction but does not repeat what was there.It tells the reader how what you have done has moved the field forward from the place you leftthe reader at the end of the Introduction section.Sometimes it is appropriate to discuss what future experiments might be needed.
LITERATURE CITED (for an experimental research paper):Make sure you use the same format style – pick one and stick to it; do not mix styles. Agood link that shows you how to reference using the ACS system can be found atthe Williams College website.LITERATURE CITED (for a review paper):Avoid using Wikipedia as a reference. Ideally you want mostly papers that originatefrom reviewed academic and scholarly journals or very trustworthy sources.The Literature cited section will not be included in the word count limit.ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:In the acknowledgments thank others that contributed to the work and mention inwhat way (i.e. animal trials, help with statistics, useful discussions etc.).For example, the author thanks John Smith for assistance with the animal trials,Professor Mary Smith for useful discussions, etc.
CHECK LIST:1. Make sure you complete the check list on the template so your paper is completed and submitted without any errors.2. Does the paper have only one author? Papers with multiple authors will be disqualified.3. This paper has not already been published or submitted for publication to a Journal.4. Have I included all of the required information on the title page?5. Am I clear on whether I should submit as graduate or undergraduate?6. Do I need permission from anyone at the University to submit this research?7. Do my figures and tables have titles and are they all discussed in the text?8. Did I make sure that I do not have any conclusions mixed in with my methods section?9. Did I make sure that I discussed any statistical analysis used appropriately?10. Have I run a spell check on the document?11. Is my paper title and abstract translated into English if that is not my language of submission?12. For Undergraduates – is my paper from the beginning of the Introduction to the end of Conclusions no more than 3500 words13. For Graduates – is my length from the beginning of the Introduction to the end of Conclusions no more than 5000 words14. You may omit the abstract, references and acknowledgments from the word count.15. You will not be penalized if the paper is a bit shorter than the suggested length, but you will be penalized if it exceeds the word count.16. Have I referenced properly so there is no plagiarism that will cause disqualification? Your paper will be run through a computer program that checks for plagiarism.17. Did I make sure any photographs or diagrams inserted were saved as a small file before inserting so that the document is not too large to upload?18. Did I save the paper as a word doc (ex: Albert_Einstein.doc)? Do not send it as a pdf file19. I am not funded by Alltech to carry out this research.
Alltech Young Scientist Program Says“If you have additional questions, please contact us at email@example.com.Send an e-mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org and we will get back to you as soonas possible.”