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Green Lodging Conference Pres

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Why Should Sustainability Drive your Renovation Decisions?

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Green Lodging Conference Pres

  1. 1. Sustainable Renovations<br />The Eco Hotel<br />
  2. 2. Sustainability is the process of utilizing existing capital; people, planet, and profit; in a functional, adaptable and ecological manner.<br />Balance of environmental, social and economic demands - the "three pillars" of sustainability<br />Why Should Sustainability Drive your Renovation Decisions?<br />Building Resource Consumption and Waste<br />Rising Utility Costs (Energy and Water)<br />Consumer Demand<br />Proposed Federal Regulations <br /> (Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009)<br />Competitive Advantage<br />Capital Risk Factor<br />Start with Establishing a Baseline <br />
  3. 3. Building Resource Consumption <br />Effect on Natural Resources<br />Building Resource Consumption and Waste<br />Building impact on U.S. Resources:<br />40% of energy consumption<br />39% of CO2 emissions<br />13% of water consumption <br />100% of Municipal Solid Waste<br />Green Buildings Can Reduce:<br />Energy Use by 24% - 50%<br />CO2 Emissions by 33% - 39%<br />Water Consumption by 40%<br />Municipal Solid Waste by 70%<br />Sources:<br />US Green Building Council<br />Environmental Information Administration (2008); EIA Annual Energy Outlook<br />U.S. Geological Survey (2000), 2000 data <br />
  4. 4. Rising Utility Costs<br />Energy Consumption<br />31% Increase in National Energy Cost in the US; 2000 - 2009<br />Using 2007 equivalent dollars, Between 2000 through 2007 Energy bills in Florida have risen aggressively from an average of 8.01 cents to 10.45 cents per KWh, which is a 24% increase with no end in site. <br />2008 National Average = 11.10 cents per KWh<br />2009 National Average (YTD) = 11.55 cents per KWh<br />Utility Bills Rising<br />
  5. 5. Consumer Demand<br />Consumer Segments and Satisfaction<br />LOHAS (Lifestyle of Health and Sustainability) Consumers<br />30% of the U.S. Population is considered a LOHAS consumer; these customers are focused on health, fitness, the environment, personal development, sustainable living, and social responsibility; generally composed of a relatively upscale and well-educated population segment. <br />Over 55 million U.S. travelers are classified as “geo-tourists”<br />Geotourism incorporates sustainability principles, but in addition to the do-no-harm ethic, geotourism focuses on the uniqueness of a place, such as historic structures, living and traditional culture, landscapes, cuisine, arts, as well as local flora and fauna. <br />Improved Guest Satisfaction<br />66%of guests said they were aware of their hotel's conservation efforts; and 72% said they participated in their hotel's conservation programs during their stay.<br />Most Importantly on average, satisfaction is more than 160 points higher among guests who report being aware of their hotel's green programs.<br />Sources: Wikipedia &<br />JD Power & Assoc. 2009 Guest Satisfaction Survey<br />
  6. 6. Federal Regulation<br />Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009<br />U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) On January 1, 2010, the EPA will, for the first time, require facilities that emit 25,000 metric tons or more of CO2 equivalent per year to report GHG emissions data to EPA annually; this will apply to approximately 85 percent of the nation’s GHG emissions and roughly 10,000 facilities.<br />http://epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/GHG-calculator/index.html<br />House Bill (Waxman-Markey)American Clean Energy and Security Act <br />Senate Bill (Kerry - Boxer)Clean Energy Jobs and American Power Act <br />Both bills include a cap-and-trade global warming reduction plan designed to reduce economy-wide greenhouse gas emissions 17% -20% by 2020, 42% by 2030, and 83% by 2040. Other provisions include new renewable requirements for utilities, studies and incentives regarding new carbon capture and sequestration technologies, energy efficiency incentives for homes and buildings, and grants for green jobs, among other things. More information can be found at http://www.opencongress.org/<br />
  7. 7. Competitive Advantage<br />Business Benefits<br />Hotels with Proactive Environmental Strategies<br />4% higher ROI<br />9% higher sales growth<br />17% higher operating income<br />U.S. Green Buildings Advantages<br />8-9% reduced operating costs<br />7.5% increased building value<br />3.5% increased occupancy<br />6.6% improved ROI<br />3% average increased rent<br />Starwood develops Elements brand requiring LEED cert.<br />Marriott announces aggressive LEED hotel expansion plan<br />Wyndham Worldwide corporate office awarded Silver LEED cert.<br />National Business Travel Association (NBTA) 2010 RFP’s: “Hotels must now outline their environmental initiatives and green certifications”.<br />Sources: Green Hotels Association, US Green Building Council<br />McGraw-Hill Construction, Key Trends in the European and U.S. Construction Marketplace SmartMarket Report, 2008<br />McGraw-Hill Construction, Greening of Corporate America SmartMarket Report, 2007<br />
  8. 8. Comprehensive Capital Planning<br />Sustainability Solutions<br />Money, Reputation <br />A Strategic Shift in Capital Planning<br />A Decisive and Disciplined Approach<br />Overcoming old market risk factors and meeting the new challenges of climate change, human heath, and social inequity.<br />Profit<br />Functional<br />Green building offers real, measurable, immediate solutions where our world’s biggest challenges converge<br />Sustainable<br />Health, Wellness, Lifestyle, Community<br />Human Capital<br />Adaptable<br />Ecological<br />Land, Energy, Air, Water, Food<br />Resources<br />
  9. 9. Sustainable Assessment Program (SAP)<br />Areas of Focus<br />Energy / Electrical Efficiency<br />HVAC equipment Lighting Windows Guestroom energy monitoring  Energy star appliances<br />Indoor Air Quality<br />Indoor material emissions (VOCs / CFCs)Mold and mildew Exhaust systemsHVAC filters <br />HVAC maintenanceHazardous waste storage Cleaning products<br />Capital Equipment<br />Planned Expenditures<br />Underperforming or Obsolete<br />Equipment<br />Maintain v. ReplaceLife cycle v. First Cost<br />Materials & Resources<br />Low Toxicity / Carcinogens <br />Assembly Material <br />Manufacturing Efficiency<br />Recycled Content <br />Recyclable <br />Rapidly Renewable Raw Materials <br />Durability <br />Inhibits Building Contaminates<br />Manufacturing Location<br />Water Conservation<br />Landscape<br />Laundry facility Restaurant equipment<br />Amenity equipment<br />HVAC systems <br />Towel and linen reuse Toilets & Showers<br />Waste Reduction<br />Reduce<br />Reuse<br />Recycling Composting Hazardous waste PurchasingDonation programs<br />
  10. 10. Sustainable Assessment <br />Creating a baseline<br />ENERGY USAGE BASELINE<br />WATER USAGE BASELINE<br />WASTE MANAGEMENT BASELINE<br />INDOOR AIR QUALITY BASELINE <br />CARBON FOOTPRINT BASELINE<br />
  11. 11. Energy Consumption<br />Creating a Baseline<br />Optimize Energy <br />Consumption<br />HVAC<br />Lighting<br />Other Equipment<br />Energy Mngmt .System<br />Renewable Energy<br />Heat Island Reduction<br />Window Heat Gain<br />Light Pollution<br />Follow up with<br />Energy Management Plan<br />Building Commissioning<br />Kilowatt Crackdown <br />Take the CFEEA  (Central Florida Energy Efficiency Alliance) Kilowatt Crackdown Challenge www.orangecountyfl.net<br />Energy Conservation is the practice of reducing the quantity of energy used to accomplish the same result.<br />Energy Star Portfolio Manager <br />allows you to track and assess energy and water consumption across your entire portfolio of buildings in a secure online environment; identify under-performing buildings, verify efficiency improvements, and receive EPA recognition for superior energy performance<br />Go To: www.energystar.gov; Tools and Resources Library<br />
  12. 12. Energy Consumption<br />Energy Conservation & Efficiency<br />Level of Effort increases Energy Savings<br />Level 1: Control Equipment (Turn it off when it’s supposed to be off)<br /> Educate of Staff and Management (Closing blinds in Summer, turn off A/C)<br />Level 2: Verify Existing Equipment is working properly<br /> Changes to Control Systems<br />Level 3: Energy Assessment<br /> System Changes<br />Assessment Process<br />Develop Energy Budgets<br />Identify Underperforming Equipment<br />Generate Payback Studies<br />Promote Capital Improvements<br />Institute Energy Recovery Measures<br />
  13. 13. Energy Consumption<br />Energy Conservation Case Studies<br />5 Horsepower Booster Pump Running in Manual Mode 24/7 (Holiday Inn Express, Bluffton SC)<br />No cost pump operation corrected, annual savings of $1898<br />High Efficiency PTAC Installation <br />(Crown Plaza 178 room renovation, Tampa FL)<br />High EER PTAC with controls, cost premium per room $610, annual energy savings per room $1478, Payback 5 months<br />Room Controls for TV, lighting and PTAC (Seagate Hotel, 165 rooms, Delray Beach FL)<br />Cost premium per room $1,100 (est), annual energy savings per room $1620<br />Low Flow Fixtures <br />(Seagate Hotel, 165 rooms, Delray Beach FL)<br />Savings per room estimated as 55.7 gpd with standard fixtures, reduced to 27.5 gpd with low flow fixtures<br />Annual water savings per room 10,293 gallons, $93 per room or $15327 annually<br />Typical Power Distribution<br />Warm Climate Facility<br />HVAC is 51% of energy bill, increasing the efficiency of HVAC systems by 30 percent (10 SEER to 13 SEER), you will cut your TOTAL power bill 15%<br />
  14. 14. Water Consumption<br />Creating a Baseline<br />Guestrooms <br />Typical consumption is 200 GPD/ room <br />(5 times the typical building)<br />Showers<br />Faucets<br />Toilets<br />Guest Ice Machines<br />Public Restrooms<br />Kitchens Equipment<br />Laundry Process & Equip.<br />Cooling Tower Systems<br />Staff Education<br />Landscaping<br />Reuse of graywater<br />Rainwater harvesting <br />Weather-based irrigation controllers<br />.5<br />GPM<br />Water CHAMP properties save an average of 17 gallons of water per occupied room per day<br />For more information go to:<br />www.swfwmd.state.fl.us/<br />conservation/waterchamp<br />Bathroom Sink Faucets<br />Flushing Urinals<br />Showerheads<br />High-Efficiency Toilets<br />Pre-Rinse Spray Valves<br />Landscape Irrigation Services<br />Weather-Based Irrigation Controllers<br />1.0<br />GPF<br />www.epa.gov/watersense<br />
  15. 15. Water Consumption<br />Case Study Seattle Westin Hotel<br />After review of baseline systems, a plan was developed to save 55 gallons per day per room.<br />Major features included low-flow fixtures, kitchen and laundry equipment, procedure modifications and staff training.<br />200 room hotel @ 1.9 cents/gal<br />Annual savings = $76,285<br />
  16. 16. Solid Waste Management <br />Creating a baseline<br />Municipal Solid Waste is solid materials disposed from Residential and Commercial Bld.<br />Recycling<br />22% of the solid waste is recycled<br />50% - 70% is achievable<br />What’s in your garbage?<br />29.4% Paper<br />12.9% Wood<br />10.5% Landscape Debris<br />8.2% Metals<br />8% Misc. Inorganics<br />7.7% Textiles<br />7.2% Plastics<br />6.7% Misc. Orgnaics<br />6.6% Food Waste<br />2.8% Glass<br />Recycling Containers & Training<br />Paper<br />Plastic<br />Metal<br />Glass <br />Cardboard<br />Newspapers<br />Reduce<br />Composting<br />Recycling of yard & food waste. <br />Composting takes approx. 1 year<br />Reuse<br />Recycle<br />Sustainable Purchasing<br />Ongoing Consumables<br />Durable Goods<br />Dispose<br />Waste Management Plan<br />Purchasing Policy<br />Sources: University of Oregon Educational Program<br />The Encyclopedia of Earth www.eoearth.org<br />US Green Building Council LEED EB<br />
  17. 17. Indoor Environmental Quality <br />Creating a Baseline<br />INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY (IEQ) quantifying and improving the indoor air contaminants, and providing a place that the body and mind can function well. <br />Occupant health is a central concern when discussing IEQ.<br />Tobacco Smoke Free Policy<br />Cleaning Products Policy<br />Outdoor Air Delivery Systems<br />Exhaust Systems<br />Filtration<br />Cleaning Program Monitoring<br />Air Quality Monitoring<br />Materials and Product Off-Gassing<br />Thermal and Light Comfort<br />Sources:<br />US Green Building Council LEED EB<br />
  18. 18. Carbon Footprint<br />Creating a Baseline<br />A carbon footprint is the total set of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by an organization, event or facility.<br />The mitigation of carbon footprints through the development of alternative projects, such as solar or wind energy or reforestation, represents one way of reducing a carbon footprint and is often known as Carbon offsetting<br />U.S. EPA Climate Leader Partner companies commit to reducing their impact on the global environment by completing a corporate-wide inventory of their greenhouse gas emissions, setting aggressive reduction goals, and annually reporting their progress to EPA. <br />Through program participation, companies create a credible record of their accomplishments and receive EPA recognition as corporate environmental leaders<br />Source: IPCC, 2007: Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change<br />
  19. 19. Sustainable Assessment Program (SAP)<br />The Process<br />Site Assessment<br />Water consumption base-line<br />Energy consumption base-line<br />Waste prod. & recycling base-line<br />Indoor Air Quality base-line<br />Building materials<br />Furniture, fixtures, equipment<br />Create an onsite “Green Team” <br />Implementation<br />Apply for green ratings<br />Improved water efficiency<br />Reduced energy consumption<br />Recycling plan<br />Building Commissioning<br />Construction IAQ management plan<br />Alternative transportation plan<br />Local /Regional materials<br />Maximize existing building reuse<br />Rapidly renewable raw materials<br />Low emitting materials<br />Action PlanDetermine state and federal government regulations and incentivesVerify brand initiatives on sustainability Investigate available credits and rebates<br />Determine goals for green ratings<br />Base-line vs. Recommendations<br />Project Estimate<br />ROI Report<br />Education / Marketing<br />Press releases Web advertising<br />Social networking On-site educational events <br />
  20. 20. THE ECO HOTEL<br />SITE UTILIZATION<br />INDOOR AIR QUALITY <br />ENERGY CONSERVATION<br />EDUCATION<br />ALTERNATIVE ENERGY<br />PERSONAL WELLNESS<br />WATER CONSERVATION<br />COMMUNITY CONNECTIVITY<br />ECOLOGICAL MATERIALS <br />LOCAL ECOSYSTEM<br />
  21. 21. Sustainable Site<br />Site selections; building orientation; resource retention<br />Adjoining a 21 acre<br />conservation area<br />Near 450 acre<br />Enchanted<br />Forest Conservation<br />Preserve<br />INTERCOASTAL WATERWAY<br />Near the Merritt Island<br />Wildlife Preserve;<br />160,000 acres;<br />offering boating,<br />world class bird<br />watching,<br />fishing, canoeing,<br />hiking, and biking<br />The National Seashore<br />Beaches are across<br />The Intercoastal Waterway<br />on the Atlantic Ocean <br />and offer 23 miles of<br />unspoiled, natural beaches<br />Storm Water Retained On Site Filtered & Reused For Irrigation<br />Maintenance<br />of the adjacent Wildlife Preserve<br />Site Selection Existing Industrial Park Infill Site <br />Alternative Transportation parking priority<br />
  22. 22. Building & Landscape Design<br />Resort Entrance<br />Alternative Transportation Parking priority for low-emitting fuel vehicles, free bicycles for guests, electric car rentals<br />Green Roof garden on the structured parking supplies the organic restaurant options<br />Building Orientation is east-west to reduce solar heat gain and promote maximum use of day lighting<br />Pervious Surface Parking is designed to reduce the heat island effect and promote site drainage<br />
  23. 23. Building & Landscape Design<br />Pool Area<br />Gray Water Generated Will Be Captured, Filtered And Reused To Flush Toilets<br />Exterior Light Shelves will bounce sunlight into the guestrooms reducing artificial lighting needs.<br />Native Landscape Needing Minimal Irrigation<br />Geothermal Closed Loop heat exchange system connected to a water source HVAC heat pump & a fresh air exchange system controlling humidity.<br />
  24. 24. Building & Landscape Design<br />Resort View from Intercostals<br />A Boardwalk & Pier <br />Meandering through the adjacent Wildlife Preserve is used for education and experiences with nature<br />Light Pollution reduction is important to the adjacent wildlife preserve and migrating birds.<br />Scrub Jay Preserve<br />Protection and restoration of the Scrub Jay habitat adjacent to the site. <br />
  25. 25. Unit Layout<br />Adaptable room layout for region, brand and accessibility<br />Terrazzo Tile Flooring<br />43% post-industrial and 18% post-consumer recycled content. Mfg. regionally within 500 miles. Water base acrylic sealer (low VOC).<br />Glass Mosaic Tile<br />45% Post-Consumer recycled content low VOC adhesive and sealant<br />Recycled Content Carpet<br />32% post-industrial and 34% post-consumer recycled content. Manufacturer reclamation program<br />
  26. 26. Interior Guestroom<br />Entry Perspective<br />Recycled Polyester Fabrics<br />100% post-consumer recycled content. Mfg. reclamation program<br />Guestroom Energy Mngmt.<br />Unoccupied units lighting is automatically switched off, HVAC set to conservation mode and window treatment closed to reduce heat gain.<br />Bamboo Plywood and MDF<br />FSC certified plywood, Low VOC wood stain and adhesives<br />
  27. 27. Interior Guestroom<br />Sleeping Area <br />Artwork<br />Soy ink printed on bamboo plywood panel. Bamboo is a fast-growing rapidly renewable material<br />Wallcovering Digital Print<br />100% post-consumer recyclable, non-PVC, breathable, Green Guard certified, regionally mfg. <br />
  28. 28. Interior Guestroom<br />Bathroom Perspective<br />Low Flow Plumbing<br />1.0 GPF toilet, .5 GPM faucet, 1.75 GPM shower reduces the water consumption by 40%. Bathroom sink made from recycled cast iron with a porcelain glaze<br />Adaptable ADA compliant bathroom<br />Unit design achieves ADA compliance with the addition of grab bars in a exceptionally beautiful design<br />LED & CFL lighting<br />Bathroom Pendants are (2) 26 watt CFLs, recessed LED 10 watt LED fixtures reducing energy consumption by 60%<br />Translucent Bathroom wall<br />PETG resin panels include 40% post-industrial recycled content and is green guard certified, providing natural light into the bathroom and unique design element<br />
  29. 29. I Got It!<br />Going GREEN<br />Saves GREEN<br />The Eco Hotel<br />

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