ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
Body Glands
Hormone
Bloodstream
Target Organ Or Tissue

Binds to Its Receptor
Produce Their Effect
1-Thyroid gland
2-Parathyroid
glands
(four glands)
3- Adrenal glands
(one pair)
4- Pancreas(islets
of Langerhans)
5- Pitui...
Howstuff works Endocrine System.url
1-Thyroid Gland
2- Trachea
3- Thyroid Cartilage
4- Isthmus
Function:
Epiglottis
Pharynx

Thyroid Gland

Parathyroid Glands

Esophagus
Trachia
Function:

Parathyroid Hormone PTH
Adrenal Cortex
Adrenal Medulla

Kidney

Ureter
Function:
Adrenal Cortex

Corticosteroids
Glucocorticoid

Mineralcorticoid

Sex Corticoid
Function:
Adrenal Medulla

Catecholamines
Liver
Tail of the
pancreas
Duodenum
head of
The pancreas
Duct
Exocrine gland

Stomach

pancreas
Islets of
langerhans
Function:
Pancreas
(islet cells)

Lowers blood sugar
(Glucose to glycogen)

Raises blood Sugar
(Glycogen to Glucose)
1- Anterior lobe

cerebrum

(adenohypophysis)

2-Posterior lobe
(Neurohypophysis)

3-Hypothalamus

Pituitary gland
HYPOTHALAMUS
secretes releasing and inhibiting factors

HYPOTHALAMUS
secretes hormones directly to

Via blood
To

anterior...
Function:
Anterior pituitary

Increases water

Stimulates
Labor

reabsorption
Function:
Anterior pituitary

(7 HORMONES)

Adrenocorticotropin
Adrenocorlicotropic
hormone (ACTH)

Gonadotropin
Follicle-...
Function:
Anterior pituitary

(7 HORMONES)

Stomatotropin
Growth hormone
(GH)

Thyrotrpin
Thyroid Stimulating
hormone (TSH...
Ovaries
Testes
1. Endemic in certain regions due to
deficiency of iodine in the diet
Treatment :to increase the supply of
iodine in the d...
With Exophthalmos (protrusion of the eyeballs) occurs
as a result of the swelling of tissue behind the eyeball.
• Thyroide...
1. Myxedema

because of the
collection of mucus-like
(myx/o means, mucus)
material under the skin

Treatment by

thyroid h...
3. Cretinism:
In Childhood
leads to a lack of normal physical
and mental growth
• Some tumors are very slow growing,
and others may metastasize widely.
Adenomas (benign growths) can be
distinguished fro...
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Endocrine system

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Endocrine system

  1. 1. ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  2. 2. Body Glands
  3. 3. Hormone Bloodstream Target Organ Or Tissue Binds to Its Receptor Produce Their Effect
  4. 4. 1-Thyroid gland 2-Parathyroid glands (four glands) 3- Adrenal glands (one pair) 4- Pancreas(islets of Langerhans) 5- Pituitary gland 6- Ovaries in female (one pair) 7- Testes in male (one pair) 8- Pineal gland 9- Thymus gland (Thymosin)
  5. 5. Howstuff works Endocrine System.url
  6. 6. 1-Thyroid Gland 2- Trachea 3- Thyroid Cartilage 4- Isthmus
  7. 7. Function:
  8. 8. Epiglottis Pharynx Thyroid Gland Parathyroid Glands Esophagus Trachia
  9. 9. Function: Parathyroid Hormone PTH
  10. 10. Adrenal Cortex Adrenal Medulla Kidney Ureter
  11. 11. Function: Adrenal Cortex Corticosteroids Glucocorticoid Mineralcorticoid Sex Corticoid
  12. 12. Function: Adrenal Medulla Catecholamines
  13. 13. Liver Tail of the pancreas Duodenum head of The pancreas Duct Exocrine gland Stomach pancreas Islets of langerhans
  14. 14. Function: Pancreas (islet cells) Lowers blood sugar (Glucose to glycogen) Raises blood Sugar (Glycogen to Glucose)
  15. 15. 1- Anterior lobe cerebrum (adenohypophysis) 2-Posterior lobe (Neurohypophysis) 3-Hypothalamus Pituitary gland
  16. 16. HYPOTHALAMUS secretes releasing and inhibiting factors HYPOTHALAMUS secretes hormones directly to Via blood To anterior pituitary(adenohypophysis) Secretes hormones posterior pituitary (neurohypophysis) Stores and releases hormones
  17. 17. Function: Anterior pituitary Increases water Stimulates Labor reabsorption
  18. 18. Function: Anterior pituitary (7 HORMONES) Adrenocorticotropin Adrenocorlicotropic hormone (ACTH) Gonadotropin Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) Gonadotropin Melanocyte Stimulating hormone (MSH) Luteinizing hormone (LH)
  19. 19. Function: Anterior pituitary (7 HORMONES) Stomatotropin Growth hormone (GH) Thyrotrpin Thyroid Stimulating hormone (TSH)) Prolactin (PRL)
  20. 20. Ovaries
  21. 21. Testes
  22. 22. 1. Endemic in certain regions due to deficiency of iodine in the diet Treatment :to increase the supply of iodine in the diet. 2. Hyperplasia: Treatment : thyroid hormone to suppress the normal thyroid functioning
  23. 23. With Exophthalmos (protrusion of the eyeballs) occurs as a result of the swelling of tissue behind the eyeball. • Thyroidectomy, • Antithyroid drugs • Administration of radioactive iodine
  24. 24. 1. Myxedema because of the collection of mucus-like (myx/o means, mucus) material under the skin Treatment by thyroid hormone
  25. 25. 3. Cretinism: In Childhood leads to a lack of normal physical and mental growth
  26. 26. • Some tumors are very slow growing, and others may metastasize widely. Adenomas (benign growths) can be distinguished from carcinomas (malignant growths) by radioactive iodine tracer scans.

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