SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 1
Download to read offline
The design of an archaeological data repository’s
structure has important implications for the ways
archaeological professionals interact with the
data. The Digital Index of North American
Archaeology (DINAA) brings into focus the
different choices SHPOs and other repositories
make regarding data collection and management.
When working with digital data, structure (e.g.
Booleans, lookup tables, text strings, categories of
enumeration, etc.) functions in combination with
vocabularies to frame our understanding of the
archaeological record. While each state
standardizes data collection through site forms
and databases, prioritization of specific data
collection in the collection process and the
ontological system used to form the data
necessarily create imposed and differing mental
constructs of how archaeological concept relate
to one another. This creates operative differences
in site definition and different affordances for a
researcher running queries through these
imposed taxonomies of practice.. DINAA
circumvents these limitations created by the
structures of our data communication systems.
Although DINAA does not manage sensitive data,
including site locations, it is a valuable tool
available to interpret data sets for research,
resource management, and outreach.
Further Information
To learn more about DINAA,
visit the project blog at:
http://ux.opencontext.org/blog/
archaeology-site-data/
IMPORTANT CATEGORIES
Data that describe archaeological sites can be CULTURAL, TEMPORAL, SPATIAL, USE-RELATED, ARTIFACT-
RELATED, a combination of these, or another category altogether.
Many sites are not defined with all of these traits. How would your state rank the importance of having
these kinds of data? Or other descriptors?
CULTURE HISTORY:
The choice of terms represented in the databases represents local organizational adaptations to site forms, government computing systems,
bureaucratic needs for coordination with other non-archaeological offices, etc. Our source sets are not really scientific databases, or
anthropological databases based on any one analysis of the ways in which human activities in the past existed in any kind of hierarchy – they
are management tools. However, these terms and tare management tools for the massive amount of data that exists. They necessarily contain
scientific and anthropological information of value to stakeholders. The goal of DINAA is to make this system an open one.
Using the descriptors in each state’s database, DINAA graduate research assistants work to identify each term based on the literature. Each
term is identified to the nearest abstract category in the DINAA ontology based on its temporal association, and a citation for the definition of
the term is identified. (See the information about our Zotero bibliography, above.) The beginning and ending dates for each term are also
determined based on the literature, cited, and converted to BP dates for consistency in the database. In this way, each term becomes explicit
in terms of its temporal qualities, and can be linked between states.
However, if a site has not been identified with the same types or categories of labels, it may not show up in searches of the database if the
information needed to locate the record has not been recorded.
To what extent do terms that can be both temporal or cultural descriptors (e.g., Late Woodland) cause confusion or uncertainty in your
database system?
TERMS, TERMS, TERMS
As anthropologists, we have no shortage of descriptive terms
for the sites we analyze. The image above is a word cloud,
which emphasizes words from a body of text based on their
frequency of use. This image was made from a list of all of
the descriptive terms used by partner states who have
submitted their databases to DINAA. As you can see, there
are a variety of term types.144
28
97
165
145
Number of unique ID terms
used in each database
There are approximately 541 terms in use by
just five of the states that have partnered with
DINAA.
Below are examples of unique identifiers used
by Indiana, Iowa, Georgia, Missouri, or Florida
and the categories into which
they were classified.
Amana: broad temporal
Reconstruction 1866-1879: temporal/cultural
Early Paleo-Indian: broad temporal/cultural
Havana/Hopewell: broad cultural
Caloosahatchee: cultural
Allamakee Phase: phase
Cahokia: cultural-spatial
Cretaceous: geological
Mississippian triangular: artifact type
Multi-component: N/A
5
3 3 3 3 3
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Dalton
Adena
Clovis
Middle…
Mississi…
Woodla…
20th…
African…
Alachua
Altamaha
Big…
Early…
Early…
Folsom
French
Hardin
Havana
Hopewell
Indeter…
Kolomoki
Late…
Late…
Late…
Lower…
Middle…
Middle…
Oneota
Other
Palmer
Quaker
Red…
Santa…
Shawnee
Stanley
Most frequently used terms & number of states in which they are used
(IA, IN, MO, GA, FL)
EXAMPLE:
The Illinois database
The column labeled “culture”
contains an alphabetized list of the
terms in the IL vocabulary.
The rest of the columns are
determined based on the process
described below.
The map above shows the sites whose data are currently a
part of DINAA. The states included in the examples on this
poster are specifically from the states starred above and
shown below. Just looking at the bar graph depicted here, it
is easy to see how different database terms are from state
to state.
EXAMPLE: The maps above demonstrate the result of the term choices used to identify each site. On the left, the simple term “historic” was used to show
all sites that have that association. The middle map has the specification “historic Indian.” It is easy to see that there is a great reduction in the number of
sites identified, and that state boundaries are clearly delineated within the results. This indicates that sites existing in states that do not use this specific
term will not be represented in a query, despite the fact that they may exist in those states. The map on the right uses the culture specific term “Miami,”
and reduces the results ever further. Again, does this mean that recorded historic Miami sites do not exist anywhere else, or that they are being referred to
in a different way?
Acknowledgments
DINAA is a multi-institutional collaboration funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation
Archaeology program.
THANK YOU to all of the participants of the March 2014 Workshop for your input!
Author affiliations: 1. Indiana University, Bloomington 2. Indiana University, South Bend 3.University
of Tennessee, Knoxville 4. Open Context (http://opencontext.org) & UC, Berkeley (D-Lab) 5.
Alexandria Archive Institute (http://alexandriaarchive.org)
DINAA Group Library Resource on
Zotero
Another great product of DINAA is
the group library with citations for all
sources used for term definition (see
more about the process below). If
you would like to view a live version
of the sources in use by DINAA, use
the link or QR code
shown here:
http://goo.gl/U2hbWw
Screen grabs below taken from:

More Related Content

Similar to Noack Myers SAA 2014 Anthropology of Archaeological Data

Secondary ResearchMerely read the passage on secondary research.docx
Secondary ResearchMerely read the passage on secondary research.docxSecondary ResearchMerely read the passage on secondary research.docx
Secondary ResearchMerely read the passage on secondary research.docx
rtodd280
 
Pratt SILS Cultural Heritage: Description and Access Spring 2011
Pratt SILS Cultural Heritage: Description and Access Spring 2011Pratt SILS Cultural Heritage: Description and Access Spring 2011
Pratt SILS Cultural Heritage: Description and Access Spring 2011
PrattSILS
 
Group project final
Group project finalGroup project final
Group project final
Bec Skau
 
Primary Education
Primary EducationPrimary Education
Primary Education
annbee
 
Pratt SILS Knowledge Organization Spring 2011
Pratt SILS Knowledge Organization Spring 2011Pratt SILS Knowledge Organization Spring 2011
Pratt SILS Knowledge Organization Spring 2011
PrattSILS
 
Information Strategies In Speech Communications MLA
Information Strategies In Speech Communications MLAInformation Strategies In Speech Communications MLA
Information Strategies In Speech Communications MLA
pjones3
 
Ethnic Classification in Global Perspective: A Cross-National Survey of the 2...
Ethnic Classification in Global Perspective: A Cross-National Survey of the 2...Ethnic Classification in Global Perspective: A Cross-National Survey of the 2...
Ethnic Classification in Global Perspective: A Cross-National Survey of the 2...
FactaMedia
 
Studying the book arts in the 21st century: using Linked Data to enhance know...
Studying the book arts in the 21st century: using Linked Data to enhance know...Studying the book arts in the 21st century: using Linked Data to enhance know...
Studying the book arts in the 21st century: using Linked Data to enhance know...
Allison Jai O'Dell
 

Similar to Noack Myers SAA 2014 Anthropology of Archaeological Data (20)

Secondary ResearchMerely read the passage on secondary research.docx
Secondary ResearchMerely read the passage on secondary research.docxSecondary ResearchMerely read the passage on secondary research.docx
Secondary ResearchMerely read the passage on secondary research.docx
 
Pratt SILS Cultural Heritage: Description and Access Spring 2011
Pratt SILS Cultural Heritage: Description and Access Spring 2011Pratt SILS Cultural Heritage: Description and Access Spring 2011
Pratt SILS Cultural Heritage: Description and Access Spring 2011
 
Social Work Subject Guide
Social Work Subject GuideSocial Work Subject Guide
Social Work Subject Guide
 
BLACK FUTURES: COLLECTING SOCIOCULTURAL DATA THROUGH MACHINE LEARNING
BLACK FUTURES: COLLECTING SOCIOCULTURAL DATA THROUGH MACHINE LEARNINGBLACK FUTURES: COLLECTING SOCIOCULTURAL DATA THROUGH MACHINE LEARNING
BLACK FUTURES: COLLECTING SOCIOCULTURAL DATA THROUGH MACHINE LEARNING
 
Thousand Splendid Suns Essay. A Thousand Splendid Suns reading task Teaching...
Thousand Splendid Suns Essay. A Thousand Splendid Suns reading task  Teaching...Thousand Splendid Suns Essay. A Thousand Splendid Suns reading task  Teaching...
Thousand Splendid Suns Essay. A Thousand Splendid Suns reading task Teaching...
 
Topic models, vector semantics and applications
Topic models, vector semantics and applicationsTopic models, vector semantics and applications
Topic models, vector semantics and applications
 
It's All About the Metadata
It's All About the MetadataIt's All About the Metadata
It's All About the Metadata
 
INFO 653 posters Fall 2018
INFO 653 posters Fall 2018INFO 653 posters Fall 2018
INFO 653 posters Fall 2018
 
Group project final
Group project finalGroup project final
Group project final
 
Primary Education
Primary EducationPrimary Education
Primary Education
 
Pratt SILS Knowledge Organization Spring 2011
Pratt SILS Knowledge Organization Spring 2011Pratt SILS Knowledge Organization Spring 2011
Pratt SILS Knowledge Organization Spring 2011
 
Valenza "Things I want my students to know about search and things I want sea...
Valenza "Things I want my students to know about search and things I want sea...Valenza "Things I want my students to know about search and things I want sea...
Valenza "Things I want my students to know about search and things I want sea...
 
Subject tagging: Recommendations for Dryad curators and scientists
Subject tagging: Recommendations for Dryad curators and scientistsSubject tagging: Recommendations for Dryad curators and scientists
Subject tagging: Recommendations for Dryad curators and scientists
 
Information Strategies In Speech Communications MLA
Information Strategies In Speech Communications MLAInformation Strategies In Speech Communications MLA
Information Strategies In Speech Communications MLA
 
Metadata for digital humanities
Metadata for digital humanities Metadata for digital humanities
Metadata for digital humanities
 
Ethnic Classification in Global Perspective: A Cross-National Survey of the 2...
Ethnic Classification in Global Perspective: A Cross-National Survey of the 2...Ethnic Classification in Global Perspective: A Cross-National Survey of the 2...
Ethnic Classification in Global Perspective: A Cross-National Survey of the 2...
 
Big Data Case Studies
Big Data Case Studies Big Data Case Studies
Big Data Case Studies
 
What's goin' on?
What's goin' on?What's goin' on?
What's goin' on?
 
Studying the book arts in the 21st century: using Linked Data to enhance know...
Studying the book arts in the 21st century: using Linked Data to enhance know...Studying the book arts in the 21st century: using Linked Data to enhance know...
Studying the book arts in the 21st century: using Linked Data to enhance know...
 
DPLA - LIS 670 Cultural Heritage Description and Access
DPLA - LIS 670 Cultural Heritage Description and AccessDPLA - LIS 670 Cultural Heritage Description and Access
DPLA - LIS 670 Cultural Heritage Description and Access
 

Recently uploaded

一比一原版加利福尼亚大学尔湾分校毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版加利福尼亚大学尔湾分校毕业证成绩单如何办理一比一原版加利福尼亚大学尔湾分校毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版加利福尼亚大学尔湾分校毕业证成绩单如何办理
pyhepag
 
原件一样(UWO毕业证书)西安大略大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证
原件一样(UWO毕业证书)西安大略大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证原件一样(UWO毕业证书)西安大略大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证
原件一样(UWO毕业证书)西安大略大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证
pwgnohujw
 
1:1原版定制伦敦政治经济学院毕业证(LSE毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证
1:1原版定制伦敦政治经济学院毕业证(LSE毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证1:1原版定制伦敦政治经济学院毕业证(LSE毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证
1:1原版定制伦敦政治经济学院毕业证(LSE毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证
dq9vz1isj
 
一比一原版(Monash毕业证书)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版(Monash毕业证书)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单如何办理一比一原版(Monash毕业证书)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版(Monash毕业证书)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
pyhepag
 
1:1原版定制利物浦大学毕业证(Liverpool毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证
1:1原版定制利物浦大学毕业证(Liverpool毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证1:1原版定制利物浦大学毕业证(Liverpool毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证
1:1原版定制利物浦大学毕业证(Liverpool毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证
ppy8zfkfm
 
如何办理(WashU毕业证书)圣路易斯华盛顿大学毕业证成绩单本科硕士学位证留信学历认证
如何办理(WashU毕业证书)圣路易斯华盛顿大学毕业证成绩单本科硕士学位证留信学历认证如何办理(WashU毕业证书)圣路易斯华盛顿大学毕业证成绩单本科硕士学位证留信学历认证
如何办理(WashU毕业证书)圣路易斯华盛顿大学毕业证成绩单本科硕士学位证留信学历认证
acoha1
 
edited gordis ebook sixth edition david d.pdf
edited gordis ebook sixth edition david d.pdfedited gordis ebook sixth edition david d.pdf
edited gordis ebook sixth edition david d.pdf
great91
 
Data Analytics for Digital Marketing Lecture for Advanced Digital & Social Me...
Data Analytics for Digital Marketing Lecture for Advanced Digital & Social Me...Data Analytics for Digital Marketing Lecture for Advanced Digital & Social Me...
Data Analytics for Digital Marketing Lecture for Advanced Digital & Social Me...
Valters Lauzums
 
如何办理(Dalhousie毕业证书)达尔豪斯大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证
如何办理(Dalhousie毕业证书)达尔豪斯大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证如何办理(Dalhousie毕业证书)达尔豪斯大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证
如何办理(Dalhousie毕业证书)达尔豪斯大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证
zifhagzkk
 
如何办理哥伦比亚大学毕业证(Columbia毕业证)成绩单原版一比一
如何办理哥伦比亚大学毕业证(Columbia毕业证)成绩单原版一比一如何办理哥伦比亚大学毕业证(Columbia毕业证)成绩单原版一比一
如何办理哥伦比亚大学毕业证(Columbia毕业证)成绩单原版一比一
fztigerwe
 
Audience Researchndfhcvnfgvgbhujhgfv.pptx
Audience Researchndfhcvnfgvgbhujhgfv.pptxAudience Researchndfhcvnfgvgbhujhgfv.pptx
Audience Researchndfhcvnfgvgbhujhgfv.pptx
Stephen266013
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Predictive Precipitation: Advanced Rain Forecasting Techniques
Predictive Precipitation: Advanced Rain Forecasting TechniquesPredictive Precipitation: Advanced Rain Forecasting Techniques
Predictive Precipitation: Advanced Rain Forecasting Techniques
 
The Significance of Transliteration Enhancing
The Significance of Transliteration EnhancingThe Significance of Transliteration Enhancing
The Significance of Transliteration Enhancing
 
MATERI MANAJEMEN OF PENYAKIT TETANUS.ppt
MATERI  MANAJEMEN OF PENYAKIT TETANUS.pptMATERI  MANAJEMEN OF PENYAKIT TETANUS.ppt
MATERI MANAJEMEN OF PENYAKIT TETANUS.ppt
 
Digital Marketing Demystified: Expert Tips from Samantha Rae Coolbeth
Digital Marketing Demystified: Expert Tips from Samantha Rae CoolbethDigital Marketing Demystified: Expert Tips from Samantha Rae Coolbeth
Digital Marketing Demystified: Expert Tips from Samantha Rae Coolbeth
 
What is Insertion Sort. Its basic information
What is Insertion Sort. Its basic informationWhat is Insertion Sort. Its basic information
What is Insertion Sort. Its basic information
 
一比一原版加利福尼亚大学尔湾分校毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版加利福尼亚大学尔湾分校毕业证成绩单如何办理一比一原版加利福尼亚大学尔湾分校毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版加利福尼亚大学尔湾分校毕业证成绩单如何办理
 
原件一样(UWO毕业证书)西安大略大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证
原件一样(UWO毕业证书)西安大略大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证原件一样(UWO毕业证书)西安大略大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证
原件一样(UWO毕业证书)西安大略大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证
 
1:1原版定制伦敦政治经济学院毕业证(LSE毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证
1:1原版定制伦敦政治经济学院毕业证(LSE毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证1:1原版定制伦敦政治经济学院毕业证(LSE毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证
1:1原版定制伦敦政治经济学院毕业证(LSE毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证
 
Data Visualization Exploring and Explaining with Data 1st Edition by Camm sol...
Data Visualization Exploring and Explaining with Data 1st Edition by Camm sol...Data Visualization Exploring and Explaining with Data 1st Edition by Camm sol...
Data Visualization Exploring and Explaining with Data 1st Edition by Camm sol...
 
一比一原版(Monash毕业证书)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版(Monash毕业证书)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单如何办理一比一原版(Monash毕业证书)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版(Monash毕业证书)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
 
Sensing the Future: Anomaly Detection and Event Prediction in Sensor Networks
Sensing the Future: Anomaly Detection and Event Prediction in Sensor NetworksSensing the Future: Anomaly Detection and Event Prediction in Sensor Networks
Sensing the Future: Anomaly Detection and Event Prediction in Sensor Networks
 
Aggregations - The Elasticsearch "GROUP BY"
Aggregations - The Elasticsearch "GROUP BY"Aggregations - The Elasticsearch "GROUP BY"
Aggregations - The Elasticsearch "GROUP BY"
 
1:1原版定制利物浦大学毕业证(Liverpool毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证
1:1原版定制利物浦大学毕业证(Liverpool毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证1:1原版定制利物浦大学毕业证(Liverpool毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证
1:1原版定制利物浦大学毕业证(Liverpool毕业证)成绩单学位证书留信学历认证
 
如何办理(WashU毕业证书)圣路易斯华盛顿大学毕业证成绩单本科硕士学位证留信学历认证
如何办理(WashU毕业证书)圣路易斯华盛顿大学毕业证成绩单本科硕士学位证留信学历认证如何办理(WashU毕业证书)圣路易斯华盛顿大学毕业证成绩单本科硕士学位证留信学历认证
如何办理(WashU毕业证书)圣路易斯华盛顿大学毕业证成绩单本科硕士学位证留信学历认证
 
edited gordis ebook sixth edition david d.pdf
edited gordis ebook sixth edition david d.pdfedited gordis ebook sixth edition david d.pdf
edited gordis ebook sixth edition david d.pdf
 
Data Analytics for Digital Marketing Lecture for Advanced Digital & Social Me...
Data Analytics for Digital Marketing Lecture for Advanced Digital & Social Me...Data Analytics for Digital Marketing Lecture for Advanced Digital & Social Me...
Data Analytics for Digital Marketing Lecture for Advanced Digital & Social Me...
 
如何办理(Dalhousie毕业证书)达尔豪斯大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证
如何办理(Dalhousie毕业证书)达尔豪斯大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证如何办理(Dalhousie毕业证书)达尔豪斯大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证
如何办理(Dalhousie毕业证书)达尔豪斯大学毕业证成绩单留信学历认证
 
2024 Q2 Orange County (CA) Tableau User Group Meeting
2024 Q2 Orange County (CA) Tableau User Group Meeting2024 Q2 Orange County (CA) Tableau User Group Meeting
2024 Q2 Orange County (CA) Tableau User Group Meeting
 
如何办理哥伦比亚大学毕业证(Columbia毕业证)成绩单原版一比一
如何办理哥伦比亚大学毕业证(Columbia毕业证)成绩单原版一比一如何办理哥伦比亚大学毕业证(Columbia毕业证)成绩单原版一比一
如何办理哥伦比亚大学毕业证(Columbia毕业证)成绩单原版一比一
 
Audience Researchndfhcvnfgvgbhujhgfv.pptx
Audience Researchndfhcvnfgvgbhujhgfv.pptxAudience Researchndfhcvnfgvgbhujhgfv.pptx
Audience Researchndfhcvnfgvgbhujhgfv.pptx
 

Noack Myers SAA 2014 Anthropology of Archaeological Data

  • 1. The design of an archaeological data repository’s structure has important implications for the ways archaeological professionals interact with the data. The Digital Index of North American Archaeology (DINAA) brings into focus the different choices SHPOs and other repositories make regarding data collection and management. When working with digital data, structure (e.g. Booleans, lookup tables, text strings, categories of enumeration, etc.) functions in combination with vocabularies to frame our understanding of the archaeological record. While each state standardizes data collection through site forms and databases, prioritization of specific data collection in the collection process and the ontological system used to form the data necessarily create imposed and differing mental constructs of how archaeological concept relate to one another. This creates operative differences in site definition and different affordances for a researcher running queries through these imposed taxonomies of practice.. DINAA circumvents these limitations created by the structures of our data communication systems. Although DINAA does not manage sensitive data, including site locations, it is a valuable tool available to interpret data sets for research, resource management, and outreach. Further Information To learn more about DINAA, visit the project blog at: http://ux.opencontext.org/blog/ archaeology-site-data/ IMPORTANT CATEGORIES Data that describe archaeological sites can be CULTURAL, TEMPORAL, SPATIAL, USE-RELATED, ARTIFACT- RELATED, a combination of these, or another category altogether. Many sites are not defined with all of these traits. How would your state rank the importance of having these kinds of data? Or other descriptors? CULTURE HISTORY: The choice of terms represented in the databases represents local organizational adaptations to site forms, government computing systems, bureaucratic needs for coordination with other non-archaeological offices, etc. Our source sets are not really scientific databases, or anthropological databases based on any one analysis of the ways in which human activities in the past existed in any kind of hierarchy – they are management tools. However, these terms and tare management tools for the massive amount of data that exists. They necessarily contain scientific and anthropological information of value to stakeholders. The goal of DINAA is to make this system an open one. Using the descriptors in each state’s database, DINAA graduate research assistants work to identify each term based on the literature. Each term is identified to the nearest abstract category in the DINAA ontology based on its temporal association, and a citation for the definition of the term is identified. (See the information about our Zotero bibliography, above.) The beginning and ending dates for each term are also determined based on the literature, cited, and converted to BP dates for consistency in the database. In this way, each term becomes explicit in terms of its temporal qualities, and can be linked between states. However, if a site has not been identified with the same types or categories of labels, it may not show up in searches of the database if the information needed to locate the record has not been recorded. To what extent do terms that can be both temporal or cultural descriptors (e.g., Late Woodland) cause confusion or uncertainty in your database system? TERMS, TERMS, TERMS As anthropologists, we have no shortage of descriptive terms for the sites we analyze. The image above is a word cloud, which emphasizes words from a body of text based on their frequency of use. This image was made from a list of all of the descriptive terms used by partner states who have submitted their databases to DINAA. As you can see, there are a variety of term types.144 28 97 165 145 Number of unique ID terms used in each database There are approximately 541 terms in use by just five of the states that have partnered with DINAA. Below are examples of unique identifiers used by Indiana, Iowa, Georgia, Missouri, or Florida and the categories into which they were classified. Amana: broad temporal Reconstruction 1866-1879: temporal/cultural Early Paleo-Indian: broad temporal/cultural Havana/Hopewell: broad cultural Caloosahatchee: cultural Allamakee Phase: phase Cahokia: cultural-spatial Cretaceous: geological Mississippian triangular: artifact type Multi-component: N/A 5 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Dalton Adena Clovis Middle… Mississi… Woodla… 20th… African… Alachua Altamaha Big… Early… Early… Folsom French Hardin Havana Hopewell Indeter… Kolomoki Late… Late… Late… Lower… Middle… Middle… Oneota Other Palmer Quaker Red… Santa… Shawnee Stanley Most frequently used terms & number of states in which they are used (IA, IN, MO, GA, FL) EXAMPLE: The Illinois database The column labeled “culture” contains an alphabetized list of the terms in the IL vocabulary. The rest of the columns are determined based on the process described below. The map above shows the sites whose data are currently a part of DINAA. The states included in the examples on this poster are specifically from the states starred above and shown below. Just looking at the bar graph depicted here, it is easy to see how different database terms are from state to state. EXAMPLE: The maps above demonstrate the result of the term choices used to identify each site. On the left, the simple term “historic” was used to show all sites that have that association. The middle map has the specification “historic Indian.” It is easy to see that there is a great reduction in the number of sites identified, and that state boundaries are clearly delineated within the results. This indicates that sites existing in states that do not use this specific term will not be represented in a query, despite the fact that they may exist in those states. The map on the right uses the culture specific term “Miami,” and reduces the results ever further. Again, does this mean that recorded historic Miami sites do not exist anywhere else, or that they are being referred to in a different way? Acknowledgments DINAA is a multi-institutional collaboration funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation Archaeology program. THANK YOU to all of the participants of the March 2014 Workshop for your input! Author affiliations: 1. Indiana University, Bloomington 2. Indiana University, South Bend 3.University of Tennessee, Knoxville 4. Open Context (http://opencontext.org) & UC, Berkeley (D-Lab) 5. Alexandria Archive Institute (http://alexandriaarchive.org) DINAA Group Library Resource on Zotero Another great product of DINAA is the group library with citations for all sources used for term definition (see more about the process below). If you would like to view a live version of the sources in use by DINAA, use the link or QR code shown here: http://goo.gl/U2hbWw Screen grabs below taken from: