GEO200 Orientation Module: Introduction to Geography


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GEO200 Orientation Module: Introduction to Geography

  1. 1. Orientation Module:Introduction to GeographyGEO200: Weather and ClimateAugust 27th
  2. 2. Geography Geography is “the science of place, i.e., the study of the surface of the earth, the location and distribution of its physical and cultural features, the areal patterns or places that they form, and the interrelation of these features as they affect humans.”Source: "geography." The Columbia Encyclopedia. New York: Columbia University Press,2008. Credo Reference. Web. 22 August 2011.
  3. 3. Geography Geography is an ancient discipline. More than 2600 years ago Greek scholars correctly reasoned Earth to have a spherical shape.
  4. 4. Geography Interest in geography grew between the 15th and 19th centuries when explorers began to investigate parts of the world previously unknown to people of European descent.
  5. 5. Geography The two leading geographic figures during the 19th century were:  Alexander Von Humboldt (1769–1859)  German naturalist and explorer  Carl Ritter (1779–1859)  Professor of geography at BerlinSource: Andrews, Gavin J. Linehan, Denis "Geography." Encyclopedia of Environment andSociety. 2007.
  6. 6. Humboldt and Ritter
  7. 7. Geography Today, most geographers consider themselves to be a human (cultural) or physical (environmental) specialists. Within these two broad fields are a range of subfields which overlap.
  8. 8. Geography Physical Geography  Study of the physical elements of geography. Cultural Geography  The study of the human and/or cultural elements of geography.
  9. 9. Geography
  10. 10. The Science of Geography Five Spatial Themes  Location  Place  Movement  Regions  Human-Earth Relationships
  11. 11. The Science of Geography Five Spatial Themes  Location  Absolute and relative location on Earth.  Location answers the question “Where?”Source: Elemental Geosystems 6e, p.3
  12. 12. The Science of Geography Five Spatial Themes  Place  Tangible and intangible living and nonliving characteristics that make each place unique.Source: Elemental Geosystems 6e, p.3
  13. 13. The Science of Geography Five Spatial Themes  Movement  Communication, movement, circulation, migration, and diffusion across Earth’s surface.  Global interdependence links all regions and places.Source: Elemental Geosystems 6e, p.3
  14. 14. The Science of Geography Five Spatial Themes  Regions  Areas having uniform characteristics; how they form and change; their relation to other regions.  The American Midwest is a distinct region of grasslands and prairie, corn, soybean, and feed crops, and huge regional feedlots and animal processing factories.Source: Elemental Geosystems 6e, p.3
  15. 15. The Science of Geography Five Spatial Themes  Human-Earth Relationships  Resource exploitation, hazard perception, and environmental pollution and modification.Source: Elemental Geosystems 6e, p.3
  16. 16. Weather and Climate Weather  The short-term atmospheric conditions for a given time and a specific area. Climate  An aggregate of day-to-day weather conditions and weather extremes over a long period of time.