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Photography Basics

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Photography Basics

  1. 1. photography basics
  2. 2. automodes manual modes resolution file formatsphotography basics
  3. 3. Auto modesLandscapePortraitMacroNight SceneAction
  4. 4. landscape mode+ Capturing shots of wide Sets the camera up with a small aperture (larger number) to make scenes sure as much of the scene you’re photographing will be in focus as possible (ie gives you a large depth of field)+ Capturing shots with points of interest at different distances from the camera*Camera might select a slower shutter speed in this mode. (to compensate for the small aperture) so you might want to consider using a tripod to ensure your camera is stable and steady.
  5. 5. landscape mode+ Capturing shots of wide Sets the camera up with a small aperture (larger number) to make scenes sure as much of the scene you’re photographing will be in focus as possible (ie gives you a large depth of field)+ Capturing shots with points of interest at different distances from the camera*Camera might select a slower shutter speed in this mode. (to compensate for the small aperture) so you might want to consider using a tripod to ensure your camera is stable and steady.
  6. 6. portrait mode+ Photographing a single Camera will automatically select a large aperture (small number) subject which helps to keep your background out of focus (ie it sets a narrow depth of field* Get in close enough to your subject (either by zooming in or walking closer) so that your photograph has them in focus
  7. 7. portrait mode+ Photographing a single Camera will automatically select a large aperture (small number) subject which helps to keep your background out of focus (ie it sets a narrow depth of field* Get in close enough to your subject (either by zooming in or walking closer) so that your photograph has them in focus
  8. 8. macro mode+ focusing on a specific action Camera will automatically select a large aperture (small number) or small objects which helps to keep your background out of focus (ie it sets a narrow depth of field – ensuring your subject is the only thing in focus and is therefore the centre of attention in the shot.* Different digital cameras willhave macro modes withdifferent capabilities
  9. 9. macro mode+ focusing on a specific action Camera will automatically select a large aperture (small number) or small objects which helps to keep your background out of focus (ie it sets a narrow depth of field – ensuring your subject is the only thing in focus and is therefore the centre of attention in the shot.* Different digital cameras willhave macro modes withdifferent capabilities
  10. 10. night mode+ Shooting in low light Sets your camera to use a longer shutter speed to help capture situations or at night. details of the background but it also fires off a flash to illuminate the foreground (and subject).* Using a tripod is a must for this type of shot. Failure to use a tripod will result in blurry images.
  11. 11. night mode+ Shooting in low light Sets your camera to use a longer shutter speed to help capture situations or at night. details of the background but it also fires off a flash to illuminate the foreground (and subject).* Using a tripod is a must for this type of shot. Failure to use a tripod will result in blurry images.
  12. 12. action/sport mode+ Photographing moving objects Increases the shutter speed* You can increase your chances of capturing fast moving subjects by panning your camera along with them and/or by attempting to pre-focus your camera on a spot where the subject will be when you want to photograph it
  13. 13. action/sport mode+ Photographing moving objects Increases the shutter speed* You can increase your chances of capturing fast moving subjects by panning your camera along with them and/or by attempting to pre-focus your camera on a spot where the subject will be when you want to photograph it
  14. 14. what if you want to show...People Exchanging moneyTwo people sitting at a table talkingA crowded coffee shop
  15. 15. manual modes+ You are able to adjust everyaspect of the shot.+ Gives you greater control andfine-tuning of your shots.
  16. 16. manual modes+ You are able to adjust every Shutter speed is simply how long your cameras shutter stays openaspect of the shot. when you take a picture. The longer your shutter stays open, the+ Gives you greater control and more light your camera lets in.fine-tuning of your shots.- Shutter Speed
  17. 17. manual modes+ You are able to adjust every Shutter speed is simply how long your cameras shutter stays openaspect of the shot. when you take a picture. The longer your shutter stays open, the+ Gives you greater control and more light your camera lets in.fine-tuning of your shots. A longer shutter speed will blur the shot.- Shutter Speed
  18. 18. manual modes+ You are able to adjust every Shutter speed is simply how long your cameras shutter stays openaspect of the shot. when you take a picture. The longer your shutter stays open, the+ Gives you greater control and more light your camera lets in.fine-tuning of your shots. A longer shutter speed will blur the shot.- Shutter Speed A shorter shutter speed will freeze any action
  19. 19. manual modes+ You are able to adjust every Aperture is how large the iris (or eye) of your lens opens up.aspect of the shot.+ Gives you greater control and When referring to aperture, a smaller number is always afine-tuning of your shots. larger opening. A single stop down of aperture lets half the light in that the previous stop did.- Shutter Speed- Aperture (f/stop)
  20. 20. manual modes+ You are able to adjust every Adjusting aperture also changes your Depth of Field. Depth ofaspect of the shot. field is how much of the area, measuring away from your+ Gives you greater control and camera, is in focus.fine-tuning of your shots.- Shutter Speed- Aperture (f/stop)- Depth of Field
  21. 21. manual modes+ You are able to adjust every Adjusting aperture also changes your Depth of Field. Depth ofaspect of the shot. field is how much of the area, measuring away from your+ Gives you greater control and camera, is in focus.fine-tuning of your shots. A short depth of field will be clearly focused on a relatively shallow area.- Shutter Speed- Aperture (f/stop)- Depth of Field
  22. 22. manual modes+ You are able to adjust every Adjusting aperture also changes your Depth of Field. Depth ofaspect of the shot. field is how much of the area, measuring away from your+ Gives you greater control and camera, is in focus.fine-tuning of your shots. A short depth of field will be clearly focused on a relatively shallow area.- Shutter Speed A larger depth of field, and bring all objects into perfect focus.- Aperture (f/stop)- Depth of Field
  23. 23. manual modes+ You are able to adjust every ISO is a measurement of how sensitive your cameras sensor isaspect of the shot. to light.+ Gives you greater control andfine-tuning of your shots.- Shutter Speed- Aperture (f/stop)- Depth of Field- ISO
  24. 24. manual modes+ You are able to adjust every ISO is a measurement of how sensitive your cameras sensor isaspect of the shot. to light.+ Gives you greater control andfine-tuning of your shots. The larger the ISO (higher number), the more sensitive it is to light.- Shutter Speed- Aperture (f/stop)- Depth of Field- ISO
  25. 25. manual modes+ You are able to adjust every To determine colors the digital camera uses a white balanceaspect of the shot. setting, which adjusts the brightest part of a scene so it+ Gives you greater control and appears white.fine-tuning of your shots.- Shutter Speed- Aperture (f/stop)- Depth of Field- ISO- Lightning
  26. 26. manual modes+ You are able to adjust every To determine colors the digital camera uses a white balanceaspect of the shot. setting, which adjusts the brightest part of a scene so it+ Gives you greater control and appears white.fine-tuning of your shots. This works fairly well except when taking indoor photographs. With special white balance settings, the camera can calculate the correct color and then shift all colors correctly.- Shutter Speed- Aperture (f/stop)- Depth of Field- ISO- Lightning Automatic White Balance Daylight Shady Cloudy Fluorescent Incandescent Tungsten
  27. 27. manual modes+ You are able to adjust every To determine colors the digital camera uses a white balanceaspect of the shot. setting, which adjusts the brightest part of a scene so it+ Gives you greater control and appears white.fine-tuning of your shots. This works fairly well except when taking indoor photographs. With special white balance settings, the camera can calculate the correct color and then shift all colors correctly.- Shutter Speed SLR digital cameras allow you to define the white balance- Aperture (f/stop) standard. Before making the actual shot, you can shoot a white- Depth of Field object that will serve as the standard for white balance.- ISO- Lightning Automatic White Balance Daylight Shady Cloudy Fluorescent Incandescent Tungsten
  28. 28. manual modes+ You are able to adjust everyaspect of the shot.+ Gives you greater control andfine-tuning of your shots.- Shutter Speed- Aperture (f/stop)- Depth of Field- ISO- Lightning • Reflectors
  29. 29. manual modes+ You are able to adjust everyaspect of the shot.+ Gives you greater control andfine-tuning of your shots.- Shutter Speed- Aperture (f/stop)- Depth of Field- ISO- Lightning • Reflectors
  30. 30. ResolutionRefers to the dots of ink or electronic pixels that make up a picture. The term DPI is one measure ofresolution. DPI refers only to the resolution of a printer. PPI refers to digital resolution. Original image Original image 72 dpi 300 dpi 72 dpi Image scaled up 300 dpi Image scaled up
  31. 31. Digital file format + Higher quality than JPG tiff - The files are HUGE! + Contains the most information raw + Smaller than TIFF and much more versatile - The files are raw sensor data that require dedicated software to read jpg + Smaller than TIFF and RAW + You can use a high frame rate
  32. 32. questions?

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