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How to plan an essay

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A Beginners Guide to Essay Planninf

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How to plan an essay

  1. 1. A Beginner’s Guide
  2. 2. For international students, essay planning is vitally important. Why do you think this is? “If you fail to plan, you plan to fail”. What does this saying mean? What should you include in your plan? How detailed should your plan be?
  3. 3. Reading Critical Thinking PlanningWriting Redrafting
  4. 4.  They tell you what you have to write.  Remember most academic essay questions ask you to explain WHY.
  5. 5.  What instruction words can you think of?  To what extent do you agree  Discuss  Analyse  Explain  Show  Compare and contrast
  6. 6.  Many people are now travelling to other countries to find jobs.  Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this.  What are the key words?
  7. 7.  Many people are now travelling to other countries to find jobs.  Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this.  What are the key words?
  8. 8.  Many people are now travelling to other countries (focus) to find jobs (Topic)  Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this. Pros and cons  What is the TOPIC?  What is the FOCUS?  What is the INSTRUCTION?
  9. 9. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
  10. 10. 1. Introduction 2. Main Body: First topic 3. Main Body: Second topic 4. Main Body: Third topic 5. Conclusion
  11. 11.  Make a list of topics /ideas related to the question.  Then choose the most interesting
  12. 12.  Make a list of topics /ideas related to the question.  Why do people go to other countries to find jobs? More money Get social benefits Get experience Want to live in a different country Few possibilities in your home country To increase possibilities of emigration Better quality of life To increase work opportunities High unemployment in home country Problems with religion, culture Want to learn a new language
  13. 13. Narrow and deep
  14. 14. Get the readers’ attention Provide context Thesis statement
  15. 15. •Introduce topic •Support with reasons, examples and explanations •Conclude topic1 •Introduce topic •Support with reasons, examples and explanations •Conclude topic2 •Introduce topic •Support with reasons, examples and explanations •Conclude topic3
  16. 16. Summarise Restate thesis Interesting final comment

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