Correcting errors in elt


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Correcting errors in elt

  1. 1. Tips and Techniques
  2. 2. Types of errors Slips – Wrong language caused by tiredness, nerves, lack of concentration. All native speakers make slips. Example – “I didn’t do nothing. I mean anything.”
  3. 3. Mistakes L2 speakers use incorrect grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation. They might be able to correct “wrong” language themselves If they can, the mistake is not serious
  4. 4. Errors Sometimes students cannot correct “wrong” language. They may not know the correct form. They may have learned an incorrect form
  5. 5. What do we correct? If we correct every incorrect utterance, how will the learner feel? Discouraged, grateful, confused, nervous….
  6. 6. Correction Rule 1 If the incorrect language results in communication breakdown, we should try to correct it.
  7. 7. Correction Rule 2 If a student makes a mistake with the target language in a controlled practice / accuracy task, we should correct it.
  8. 8. Correction Rule 3 If a student makes a mistake during a freer practice / fluency task, we may choose not to correct it or we may note down error and correct it later
  9. 9. Correction Steps 1. See if the student can correct their own mistake 2. See if another student can correct the mistake 3. Correct the mistake
  10. 10. Correction StrategiesExample mistake:“Yesterday, I visit my mother.”
  11. 11. Gestures / Facialexpressions Open hand, rotation wrist, palm down A wave of the finger A shake of the head A frown A backwards thumb gesture to remind student to use past form
  12. 12. Direct Correction Echoing – repeat what student said but stress incorrect word “Yesterday, I VISIT my mother.” Bleeping – “Yesterday, I ____ my mother.” Reformulation – “Yesterday, I visited my mother.”
  13. 13. Summary Mistakes are natural and are signs that learning is taking place. Encourage self and peer correction before teacher correction Use a variety of techniques Make sure students understand why the mistake was made Get students to produce correct form