PHOTOGRAPHY Daniel Bernal Joseph Galvan Harry Yang Jonah Yung Period 1
AVAILABLE LIGHTS• A clear, sunny day creates bright highlights and dark, hard edged shadows.• Direct light outdoors can produce beautiful light for portraits.• Indoor light are flat, depending on the source of light.• The bigger the light source the softer the quality of the picture.• Different angles make different shadow effects.
EXAMPLESAvailable Indoor Sunlight Available Outdoor Sunlight
TYPES OF ARTIFICIAL LIGHT• Photofloods – A light bulb that put out light of 3200K color temperature, works great with indoor colored film.• Umbrella Reflector – Use with a light that produces a wide defused light.• Softbox – completely encloses one or more lamps.• Light stands – Holds equipment in place.• Barn doors – A pair of black panels that mount on the front of a light source.• Flash equipment – Equipment that causes a quick burst of light to the object.
LIGHTING ANGLES• Front lighting – Only thin shadows are visible from camera position.• Side lighting – It can split a subject in half in terms of shadows.• High side lighting – 45 degrees above the subject, classic portrait angle.• Top lighting – Creates deep eye socket shadows and under the nose and chin.• Under lighting – Creates odd looking shadows on the forehead and cheeks.• Back lighting – Outlines the shape with a rim of a light like a halo.
LIGHTING WITH FLASH• The easiest way to light a scene with flash is with direct flash on camera, a flash unit mounted on the camera and pointed directly at the subject.• Aim the flash carefully so that the light does not create odd shadows or distracting reflections.• Studio photographers and other professionals often us a flash meter.• A flash meter is the most accurate way to working with manual flash, including bounce flash.• Using a flash units calculator dial can help you calculate a manual flash exposure.• Flash can increase the light or a full shaded subject that is against a brighter background.
SIMPLE PORTRAIT LIGHTING- Automatic operations depends on the particular combination of flash and camera.- Manual operations will need to have a calculator dial something like the other slide I have showed you.- You will need to balance the effect of the light form the flash.- The simpler the light, the better.- Out doors, open shade or an overcast of sky provides a soft, even light.- A Typical studio portrait set up uses a moderately long camera.