Gothik style. Kuzmina


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Gothik style. Kuzmina

  1. 1. GOTHIC STYLE Presentation from English Maria Kuzmina Form 10-A School 246
  2. 2. GOTHIC STYLE Gothic architecture is a style of architecture that flourished during the high and late medieval period. It evolved from Romanesque architecture and was succeeded by Renaissance architecture.
  3. 3. Originating in 12th-century France and lasting into the 16th century, Gothic architecture was known during the period as Opus Francigenum ("French work") with the term Gothic first appearing during the latter part of the Renaissance. Its characteristics include the pointed arch, the ribbed vault and the flying buttress. Gothic architecture is most familiar as the architecture of many of the great cathedrals, abbeys and churches of Europe. It is also the architecture of many castles, palaces, town halls, guild halls, universities and to a less prominent extent, private dwellings.
  4. 4. It is in the great churches and cathedrals and in a number of civic buildings that the Gothic style was expressed most powerfully, its characteristics lending themselves to appeals to the emotions, whether springing from faith or from civic pride. A great number of ecclesiastical buildings remain from this period, of which even the smallest are often structures of architectural distinction while many of the larger churches are considered priceless works of art and are listed with UNESCO as World Heritage Sites. For this reason a study of Gothic architecture is largely a study of cathedrals and churches. A series of Gothic revivals began in mid-18th-century England, spread through 19thcentury Europe and continued, largely for ecclesiastical and university structures, into the 20th century.
  5. 5. Examples of the Gothic style of architecture Notre Dame Milan Cathedral Shartrskyy Cathedral Reims Cathedral Vestminstske Abbey Latin Cathedral (Lviv)
  6. 6. Notre Dame The Hunchback of Notre Dame (Notre Dame de Paris ) (born Notre Dame de Paris) - Cathedral in Paris ( France) dedicated to the Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus Christ, the cathedral of Notre archdiocese . One of the finest works of Gothic art. It stands on an island Cité , the site of the first Christian church in Paris, St. Stephen's Basilica . This church was built on the site of GalloRoman temple to Jupiter standing by the Roman authorities. The cathedral is seen stylistic influences duality : on the one hand, there are echoes of the Romanesque of Normandy, with his powerful and tight unity, on the other hand , the use of innovative architectural achievements of the Gothic style , which gives the building gives the impression of lightness and simplicity of the vertical structure and the weight of support structure ( frame support structure as it can be seen only from the outside) .
  7. 7. Milan Cathedral Milan Cathedral (Italian: Duomo di Milano ) - Cathedral in Milan, located in the historic city center. Built in the Gothic style flaming white marble . Construction started in 1386 , but it ended only in the early XIX century, when by order of Napoleon finished facade design . Some details , however, finish and later, until 1965. Dedicated to the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The world famous fifth largest church in the world ( after the Council of Yamoussoukro , Rome , London and Seville ) is located in the center of Milan is its symbol. This pozdnehotychna building that contains many spiers and statues, marble columns and pointed towers , connected by a large number of poles . It is the fourth-largest in Europe after St. Peter's in Rome, St. Paul's in London and Seville Cathedral in Seville. For capacity yields among the Gothic churches of Seville just as among Italian churches - only St. Peter in Rome. Alone statues in the cathedral there 3400.
  8. 8. Shartrskyy Cathedral Chartres Cathedral (born Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres) Catholic cathedral located in Chartres department prefecture of Eure-et-Loir. Located 90 km north-west of Paris and is one of the masterpieces of Gothic architecture. In 1979 the church was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  9. 9. Reims Cathedral Reymsckiy Cathedral (fr. Notre-Dame de Reims) was built in the XIII century, ie, after Notre Dame and Chartres Cathedral, but much earlier than the cathedral in Strasbourg, Amiens and Bove.Reymsckiy Cathedral is one of the most famous examples of Gothic art France thanks to its architecture and sculptures and is a UNESCO World heritage Site. Since the Middle Ages to the XIX century cathedral was the site of the coronation of almost all French monarchs.
  10. 10. Vestminstske Abbey Cathedral Church of St. Peter in Westminster, almost always called Westminster Abbey - Gothic church in Westminster (London ) to the west of the Palace of Westminster . It was built with a break from 1245 to 1745 years, but retains the gothic look . The traditional place of the coronation of monarchs of Great Britain and burial of monarchs of England. Along with the adjacent church of St. Margaret Abbey imputed to the World spadschyny.Zi its identical square towers and delicate arches of this ancient abbey in the English Gothic style is one of the best examples of medieval church architecture. But for the British , it is much more : it is a sanctuary of the nation , a symbol of everything for which he fought and are fighting the British, and here is the place where she was crowned rulers of much of the country , many of whom are buried here.
  11. 11. Latin Cathedral (Lviv) Latin Cathedral - perhaps the only church in Lviv, which was built over 100 years and has incorporated traces of all construction periods and architectural styles ( Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque , Classicism ). Despite repeated completion and restoration, Latin Cathedral in essence is a unique monument of Northern European Brick Gothic. Construction of the temple was started on the orders of Casimir III ( the Great) in the 60s of the XIV century by architect Peter Shtehera plan . The first was the builder of the church in Lviv master Nychko . Only in 1479 , 1481rr . completed the construction of the temple builders Wroclaw Y.Hrom and A.Rabish . It was a three-nave church of strict and simple Gothic forms. In 1493 Hans Bleher lifted choirs , the concluded construction of Gothic buildings. In the church are preserved many works of art : carved wood and marble altars , icons , sculptures , tombstones and magnificent stained glass windows .
  12. 12. THANK YOU FOR ATTENTION Кузьміна Марія 10-а