Gothic architecture is a style of architecture
that flourished during the high and late
medieval period. It evolved from Romanesque
architecture and was succeeded by
Originating in 12th-century France
and lasting into the 16th century,
Gothic architecture was known during
the period as Opus Francigenum
("French work") with the term Gothic
first appearing during the latter part
of the Renaissance. Its characteristics
include the pointed arch, the ribbed
vault and the flying buttress.
Gothic architecture is most familiar as
the architecture of many of the great
cathedrals, abbeys and churches of
Europe. It is also the architecture of
many castles, palaces, town halls,
guild halls, universities and to a less
prominent extent, private dwellings.
It is in the great churches and cathedrals and in a number of civic buildings that the
Gothic style was expressed most powerfully, its characteristics lending themselves to
appeals to the emotions, whether springing from faith or from civic pride. A great
number of ecclesiastical buildings remain from this period, of which even the smallest
are often structures of architectural distinction while many of the larger churches are
considered priceless works of art and are listed with UNESCO as World Heritage Sites. For
this reason a study of Gothic architecture is largely a study of cathedrals and churches.
A series of Gothic revivals began in mid-18th-century England, spread through 19thcentury Europe and continued, largely for ecclesiastical and university structures, into the
Examples of the Gothic style of architecture
Latin Cathedral (Lviv)
The Hunchback of Notre Dame (Notre Dame de Paris ) (born Notre Dame de
Paris) - Cathedral in Paris ( France) dedicated to the Virgin Mary, mother of
Jesus Christ, the cathedral of Notre archdiocese . One of the finest works of
Gothic art. It stands on an island Cité , the site of the first Christian church in
Paris, St. Stephen's Basilica . This church was built on the site of GalloRoman temple to Jupiter standing by the Roman authorities.
The cathedral is seen stylistic influences duality : on the one hand, there are
echoes of the Romanesque of Normandy, with his powerful and tight unity,
on the other hand , the use of innovative architectural achievements of the
Gothic style , which gives the building gives the impression of lightness and
simplicity of the vertical structure and the weight of support structure (
frame support structure as it can be seen only from the outside) .
Milan Cathedral (Italian: Duomo di Milano ) - Cathedral in Milan, located in
the historic city center.
Built in the Gothic style flaming white marble . Construction started in 1386
, but it ended only in the early XIX century, when by order of Napoleon
finished facade design . Some details , however, finish and later, until 1965.
Dedicated to the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The world famous fifth
largest church in the world ( after the Council of Yamoussoukro , Rome ,
London and Seville ) is located in the center of Milan is its symbol. This
pozdnehotychna building that contains many spiers and statues, marble
columns and pointed towers , connected by a large number of poles . It is
the fourth-largest in Europe after St. Peter's in Rome, St. Paul's in London
and Seville Cathedral in Seville. For capacity yields among the Gothic
churches of Seville just as among Italian churches - only St. Peter in Rome.
Alone statues in the cathedral there 3400.
Chartres Cathedral (born Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres) Catholic cathedral located in Chartres department prefecture of
Eure-et-Loir. Located 90 km north-west of Paris and is one of the
masterpieces of Gothic architecture. In 1979 the church was
declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Reymsckiy Cathedral (fr. Notre-Dame
de Reims) was built in the XIII
century, ie, after Notre Dame and
Chartres Cathedral, but much earlier
than the cathedral in Strasbourg,
Cathedral is one of the most famous
examples of Gothic art France
thanks to its architecture and
sculptures and is a UNESCO World
heritage Site. Since the Middle Ages
to the XIX century cathedral was the
site of the coronation of almost all
Cathedral Church of St. Peter in Westminster, almost always called
Westminster Abbey - Gothic church in Westminster (London ) to the west of
the Palace of Westminster . It was built with a break from 1245 to 1745
years, but retains the gothic look . The traditional place of the coronation of
monarchs of Great Britain and burial of monarchs of England. Along with
the adjacent church of St. Margaret Abbey imputed to the World
spadschyny.Zi its identical square towers and delicate arches of this ancient
abbey in the English Gothic style is one of the best examples of medieval
church architecture. But for the British , it is much more : it is a sanctuary of
the nation , a symbol of everything for which he fought and are fighting the
British, and here is the place where she was crowned rulers of much of the
country , many of whom are buried here.
Latin Cathedral (Lviv)
Latin Cathedral - perhaps the only church in Lviv, which was built over 100
years and has incorporated traces of all construction periods and
architectural styles ( Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque , Classicism ).
Despite repeated completion and restoration, Latin Cathedral in essence is
a unique monument of Northern European Brick Gothic.
Construction of the temple was started on the orders of Casimir III ( the
Great) in the 60s of the XIV century by architect Peter Shtehera plan . The
first was the builder of the church in Lviv master Nychko . Only in 1479 ,
1481rr . completed the construction of the temple builders Wroclaw Y.Hrom
and A.Rabish . It was a three-nave church of strict and simple Gothic forms.
In 1493 Hans Bleher lifted choirs , the concluded construction of Gothic
In the church are preserved many works of art : carved wood and marble
altars , icons , sculptures , tombstones and magnificent stained glass