Future Internet Enterprise systems: a research vision- C.Martinez - DigiBiz'09


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Future Internet Enterprise systems: a research vision- C.Martinez - DigiBiz'09

  1. 1. Future Internet Enterprise Systems: a vision from research Presentation, Digibiz Conference, London, June 17 2009 Cristina Martinez Head of Future Internet Enterprise Systems cluster INFSO D4, European Commission
  2. 2. This statement is 30 years old <ul><li>“ Constantly growing complexity of information systems in industry and society already today approaches the limits of our planning capacity. A formally founded tool box for planning, design development and operation of such systems is urgently needed. Methods are needed to determine the requirements at information systems. Likewise, we need formal concepts to describe, specify and analyze such systems, and to assess their behavior.“ </li></ul><ul><li>“ Formal Models for Information systems”, Mayr, H.C., Meyer, B.E.: Formale Modelle für Informationssysteme. Informatik- Fachberichte Nr. 21, Springer-Verlag (1979), quoted by W. Reising in Towards a Theory of Services </li></ul><ul><li>… so, what is the difference with the challenges we face today in ICT? </li></ul>
  3. 3. A World of differences: the New Internet trends Social networking interactivity From the desktop to anywhere access Knowledge for humans and machine agents New business and operating models Integration of the physical into the digital world User generated content Enriched Web based services Shift of broadcast content to the Internet
  4. 4. Consequences of the Internet’ success MORE USERS Broadband traffic will double by 2020 Source: The European Commission “ Google presents the Elections 2008 gadget” MORE CONTENT MORE COMPLEXITY MORE PARTICIPATION
  5. 5. <ul><li>We need a </li></ul><ul><li>re-foundation of </li></ul><ul><li>the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>underlying principles </li></ul>Concerns citizens, enterprises and governments
  6. 6. Visions for the Internet: a research perspective Internet of Services Internet of Networks Internet of Things Internet of 3D Worlds For people and enterprises
  7. 7. IT challenges to achieve those visions <ul><li>Network infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Security, privacy and trust </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile and scalable Internet: World market= 860 Billion$ in 2007, (78% services, 15% terminals and 7% infrastructure) </li></ul>Source: Joao Da Silva, Celtic Event presentation 27-28 February 2008
  8. 8. The evolving concept of Knowledge in a post-modern semantic economy <ul><li>Both a merchandise and a commons </li></ul><ul><li>Stemming from ambient intelligence environments </li></ul><ul><li>Data is manipulated with extracting , reporting and statistical tools </li></ul><ul><li>Terabytes of data acquiring meaning and new value </li></ul><ul><li>New knowledge = new perspectives </li></ul>Collaboration scheme of FP6 universities. Source: Technology watch Free movement of knowledge: the 5th freedom
  9. 9. Brave or not: a new world <ul><li>Technology innovation must be friendly as it is only an enabler </li></ul><ul><li>Danger of widening divide between digital world and business world </li></ul><ul><li>A perspective transforming our lives, calling for reflection </li></ul><ul><li>“ Every event taking place at this hour, on the entire surface of the earth, and every event yet to take place in the years ahead, is but a symptom and a phase of the same revolution, the revolution of 'technical slaves '. Men will be considered as equal, as identical, and treated according to the same laws which apply to technical slaves, without any possible concern for their human natures.&quot; </li></ul>The Twenty-Fifth Hour&quot; by C. Virgil Gheorghiu
  10. 10. The ‘ hyper-connected’ enterprise GLOBAL CONTEXT: COMPETITION, CRISIS, ECO RULES OUTSOURCING CUSTOMIZATION BUSINESS & SCIENCE Cluster/SME, new Service and Business Models CITIZEN/CONSUMER/ EMPLOYEE „ Digital Lifestyle“, New Media, Communities, Collaboration GOVERNMENT & INFRASTRUCTURE eGovernment, public services Influencing the company directions Impacting the company decisions
  11. 11. Towards the WYSIGYG Enterprise <ul><li>The Internet becomes the platform through which knowledge is manipulated dynamically, experienced in the business context and re -presented in a radically different way to create new value </li></ul><ul><li>The Internet blurs the boundaries between the intra and extra-muros enterprise domain; co-opetion becomes rooted in the essence of entrepreneurship </li></ul><ul><li>A new participative web, hosting a new wave of services, using user-friendly technologies is empowering the enterprise of the future </li></ul><ul><li>Web-based applications become as rich as the desktop: it is the emanation of the WYSIWYG enterprise </li></ul>The Internet is the Enterprise
  12. 12. Networked Enterprise and RFID <ul><li>Anticipating the future of business </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitating emergence of future business forms through research and policy via </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet of things </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Future Enterprise Systems (EIC and DE) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vision of tomorrow’s businesses : more competitive, innovative, agile, and value creating… but highly techno-dependent! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interoperability fulfilling this vision </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. The strategic context of Enterprise Interoperability has changed <ul><li>Mechanisms and nature of innovation are changing </li></ul><ul><li>Internet is a critical infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>From basic to hyper-interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure requirements > ISU </li></ul><ul><li>Serving the needs > new perspective of Future Enterprise Systems </li></ul>
  14. 14. EI research is non-linear, enterprise- oriented <ul><li>State-of-the-Art of Enterprise Interoperability is impressive… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frameworks, development tools and approaches, specifications, architectures, Semantic web, Domain ontology, Modelling and notation languages, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>… but non linear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different levels of achievement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New upper tiers adding complexity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Enterprise is facing a new context </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In consequence, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolution of the FI Enterprise Systems: the FInES’ perspective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New appraisal of Interoperability research as a horizontal issue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Besides, creation of a new domain based on Future internet perspectives and Web 2.0: Enterprise Interoperability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EI, is a (key) subset of FInES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EI Science base interoperability is a new lead to be explored </li></ul></ul>Physical integration Medium Syntactical application integration Form Business process integration Sequence Inter-enterprise collaboration “ Soft aspects” Semantical application integration Meaning Internet-based organizations (Web 2.0) Innovation
  15. 15. Why a science base for Enterprise Interoperability? <ul><li>As a result of +15 years of software architecture (degree of maturity ) </li></ul><ul><li>To avoid past errors or double funding </li></ul><ul><li>Strong business case </li></ul><ul><li>Request from the Standardization actors </li></ul><ul><li>Academic and Intelligence community in other regions are pushing (eBusiness, NIST, NASA, ESA, JAPAN, IFIP, etc.), and software vendors supporting it (ORACLE, MSFT, SAP, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>To decouple research from technology and develop fundamental knowledge on complex environments integration </li></ul><ul><li>Because EI is not only a technology issue, it contains semantics , organisational and business aspects also </li></ul><ul><li>To leverage rigorous, formalised solutions and apply them to other interoperability contexts </li></ul>Source: Pr. Pingaud, Université de TOULOUSE, presentation, A set of open questions for EI as a science
  16. 16. Elements of Process to achieve a scientific base for EI <ul><li>This is not an easy task </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New, exploratory work (so far, not existing elsewhere) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires understanding of the scientific process (epistemology, ontology definition, formalised concepts and approaches, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EI Task Force capacity to reflect on the methodology is limited by its essence (comes from the techno world!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Might fail (e.g. problem statement is not appropriately defined, lack of comprehensiveness, incorrect approach to the problem, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Requires external advice and strong coordination from the domain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The focus is first on the enterprise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We look for concrete results > application to FInES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supported by a group of Scientific Experts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary reflection work should be supported by the cluster (horizontal issue) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Your input and involvement are essential </li></ul>science base scientific community cluster EI Task Force EI Expert Group industry
  17. 17. Future research will be based on the FI context <ul><li>Continuous Interneting : connected to anyone, anywhere, anytime </li></ul><ul><li>Combination of material and immaterial set of tools </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing demand for more bandwidth , knowledge , services and user empowerment </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity of continuously evolving ecosystems of enterprises in the future </li></ul><ul><ul><li>->thanks to the new WEB </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Vision of the 2015-20 ICT landscape from the enterprise’s perspective eCommerce eBusiness RFID Internet of Things Enterprise Interoperability Hyper Interoperability Multimedia search 3D media Component based Service, Complexity Service architectures software engineering Open development Complexity & dynamic composition architecture Grids Service infrastructure Media Delivery platforms IP IPv4 IPv6 Wimax 3G 4G NGN Pilots Demonstrations Academic research networks GRIDS/ Validation & limited experimental facilities Cloud computing Enterprise Systems in The Future Internet Future Internet Services Service Utility Network convergence and continuous commoditisation Single European Experimental Facility Interoperability requirements FUTURE INTERNET ISSUES ? ? ? ? D1 D3 D4 F4 D2 (updated from source: Man-Sze Li, Nov. 2007)
  19. 19. Call 5 - Obj. 1.3 b) on Enterprise Environments <ul><li>b) Future Internet based Enterprise Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Software platforms supporting highly innovative networked businesses on top of an Internet of Services. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling increased flexibility of the resources managed by virtual organisations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>facilitating dynamic outsourcing with third parties capability to aggregate services, act as intermediaries for delivery, and provide innovative new channels for consumption. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Key features: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration and interoperability within dynamic ecosystems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>next generation knowledge management services, making use of semantically enriched information, including object/sensor information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>C) CSA: possible ideas are a science base for Enterprise Interoperability and cluster support activities including strategic priority work </li></ul><ul><li>Action: prepare yourself, make contacts, build partnerships, look at existing projects and take stock of the existing SoA to submit a good proposal! </li></ul>
  20. 20. Challenge 1 and the Future Internet in Call 5 Call 5 37 MEuro >2IPs/ STREP/CSA Call 5 110 MEuro IP/STREP /CSA Call 4 80 M € IP/STREP/ NoE/CSA Call 4 110 M€ IP / STREP Call 5 90 M € IP/STREP /NoE/CSA Call 5 50 MEuro IP/STREP /CSA Call 5 80 MEuro IP/STREP /NoE/CSA
  21. 21. “ Omnia Cadunt”, Justus Lipsius <ul><li>Times of economic, environmental, technological and societal transition . </li></ul><ul><li>Unlike Lipsius, take distance to find new trends and hopes </li></ul><ul><li>The Internet of the Future , as a policy concept, is about how people will exchange/interact/communicate in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>A major challenge for EU RTD policy and research community, as well as governments in the next years. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Thank you for your attention
  23. 23. References <ul><li>European Competitiveness Report 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Future markets for Enterprise Interoperability: Some issues for consideration, Man-Sze Li, 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>H. He, What Is Service-Oriented Architecture? In: O’Reilly’s Webservices.xml.com, 30 September 2003. Available from http://www.xml.com/pub/a/ws/2003/09/30/soa.html </li></ul><ul><li>Viviane Reding, 'The Disruptive Force of Web 2.0: how the new generation will define the future', speech ITU Youth Forum, China, 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>ITU, ITU 2005 Internet Report – The Internet of Things, November 2005. Available from: http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/internetofthings/ftp://ftp.cordis.europa.eu/pub/ist/docs/grids/ngg3_eg_final.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>“ New trends in Technologies and Enablers for applications for the future Government in 2020”, for the European Commission, DG JRC - IPTS, Michele Missikof, CSSC & LEKS, IASI-CNR, draft v.0.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Report on &quot;Business relations in European industry: trends, visions, future scenarios and key issues for eBusiness »   ( ftp://ftp.cordis.europa.eu/pub/ist/docs/directorate_d/ebusiness/ws20060614-report_en.pdf Study on Interoperability at Local and Regional Level. </li></ul><ul><li>White Paper, “European Interoperability Framework”, - ICT Industry Recommendations -, COmpTia, 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>ISTAG report on the Future Internet, March 2008 </li></ul>
  24. 24. References <ul><li>Report on ‘The Hyperconnected Enterprise’, The Gartner Group, January 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Manuel Castells, “L’ère de l’information, Vol 2. Le pouvoir de l’identité” </li></ul><ul><li>Edward Castronova, Associate Professor of Telecommunications at Indiana University Bloomington </li></ul><ul><li>Julian Bleecker, Assistant Professor at University of Southern California </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprise Interoperability Research Roadmap, v5.0, European Commission, March 2008, url: http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/enet/ei_en.html . </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Unleashing the potential of the knowledge economy’, European Commission, January 2008 url: http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/enet/ei_en.html . </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprise Systems Architecting: Emerging Art and Science within Engineering Systems, Deborah J. Nightingale and Donna H. Rhodes, Massachusetts Institute of Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation from Joao da Silva, Future Internet, an opportunity for Europe (European Commission) </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation from Gérald Santucci, The Future of the Internet, elements of a future approach, Washington (European Commission) </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation from Gérald Santucci, Policy and Technological Drivers in the Internet of Things, Zurich (European Commission) </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation from Arian Zwegers on ‘European research on Service Engineering’, Eindhoven (European Commission) </li></ul><ul><li>Sources: 3GPP, 3GPP2, Qualcomm, WiMAX Forum </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.alexandria.unisg.ch/EXPORT/DL/38496.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/internetofthings/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://SecondLife.com , www.ebay.com , www.google.com , forum.skype.com, www.tandis.com , google-latlong.blogspot.com/ </li></ul>
  25. 25. More information ? <ul><li>eBusiness (ICT for Enterprise Networking) web site on Cordis (EU research Portal): </li></ul><ul><li>http://cordis.europa.eu/ist/ict-ent-net/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>eBusiness portal on Europa: </li></ul><ul><li>http://europa.eu.int/information_society/eeurope/2005/all_about/ebusiness/index_en.htm </li></ul><ul><li>eBusiness activities of Enterprise Directorate-General: </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.europa.eu.int/comm/enterprise/ict/index.htm </li></ul><ul><li>I2010 web site: </li></ul><ul><li>http://europa.eu.int/information_society/eeurope/i2010/index_en.htm </li></ul><ul><li>eBusiness Watch: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ebusiness-watch.org / </li></ul><ul><li>Research Framework Programme 6 & FP7: </li></ul><ul><li>http :// www.cordis.lu / ist / </li></ul><ul><li>The IST programme: </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.cordis.lu/ist/about/about.htm </li></ul><ul><li>European Commission, The 2005 Report on ICT for Enterprise Networking. </li></ul><ul><li>ftp://ftp.cordis.europa.eu/pub/ist/docs/directorate_d/ebusiness/2005-ict-report_en.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprise Interoperability Research Roadmap v4.0 </li></ul><ul><li>ftp://ftp.cordis.europa.eu/pub/ist/docs/directorate_d/ebusiness/2005-ict-ent-net/ei.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprise Interoperability Research Roadmap v5.0 </li></ul><ul><li>http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/enet/ei_en.html </li></ul><ul><li>The Future Internet web site </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. theFutureInternet.eu </li></ul><ul><li>mailto:cristina.martinez@ec.europa.eu </li></ul>