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Basicsofenglishgrammar2ppt 1232539787392283 3


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Basicsofenglishgrammar2ppt 1232539787392283 3

  2. 2. PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE At the bus station, at home, at the door, at the top At work, at school, at university At the end of At a party AT A Surface: On a shelf, on the wall On a plate, on the table On a balcony Transport: On a bike, on a bus, on a plane ON Countries and Cities: In France, in NY Buildings: In a shop, in a supermarket Rooms: In the living room Closed spaces: In a garden, in a car IN
  3. 3. PREPOSITIONS OF TIME Times: At half past ten, at 8:40 Festival periods: At Christmas, Easter At night At the weekend AT Dates: On July 4 th Days: On Monday, On Christmas Day, on Valentine’s Day ON Months: In March, in August Years: In 1978, in 1066, in 2009 Seasons: In spring, in summer Times of day: In the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening IN
  4. 4. PAST CONTINUOUS <ul><li>The past continuous tense is used to describe an action in progress at a specific moment in the past. </li></ul>sing ing were We You They sing ing was He She It sing ing was I -ING FORM WAS / WERE Subject
  5. 5. PAST CONTINUOUS They weren’t studying We weren’t walking It wasn’t running She wasn’t reading He wasn’t sleeping You weren’t eating I wasn’t dancing NEGATIVE Were they studying? They were studying Were we walking? We were walking Was it running? It was running Was she reading? She was reading Was he sleeping? He was sleeping Were you eating? You were eating Was I dancing? I was dancing YES/NO QUESTIONS AFFIRMATIVE
  6. 6. RULES come- coming lose - losing live – living Remove E, then add –ING vowel + consonant + E swim - swimming hit - hitting get – getting Double the consonant, then add –ING consonant + vowel + consonant Examples How to make the -ING form Verb ending in... say - saying go - going walk - walking Add –ING [anything else]
  7. 7. PAST SIMPLE <ul><li>We use the past simple to talk about finished actions in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>The past simple is the same for all persons. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the infinitive after Did and didn’t for negatives. </li></ul>on holiday? go Did you our homework didn’t do We You They to the beach went He She in a hotel stayed I
  8. 8. PAST SIMPLE OR CONTINOUS? <ul><li>Use the past simple for a completed action. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the past continuous for an action in progress. </li></ul>I was sitting at home when the phone rang. When I took the photo, the man was cooking some fish.
  9. 9. QUESTIONS WITH OR WITHOUT AUXILIARIES QUESTIONS WITH AN AUXILIARY <ul><li>To make questions in the past and present simple, we normally use the auxiliary verbs do / does / did + the infinitive. </li></ul><ul><li>The normal order for questions in the present and past is QUASI . </li></ul>listen to? go with? you he do did What music Who INFINITIVE SUBJECT AUXILIARY QUESTION
  10. 10. QUESTIONS WITH OR WITHOUT AUXILIARIES <ul><li>QUESTIONS WITHOUT AN AUXILIARY </li></ul><ul><li>When the question word (Who, What, Which, How many?) is the subject of the verb in the question , we do not use an auxiliary ( do, does, did ) and the verb is in the third person . </li></ul>at the weekend? Romeo and Juliet? happened wrote What Who VERB SUBJECT