Química orgánica ejemplos de alcoholes y éteres

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Ejemplos de formulación y nomenclatura de alcoholes y ésteres

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Química orgánica ejemplos de alcoholes y éteres

  1. 1. ALCOHOLES R–O–H ÉTERES R – O – R´
  2. 2. R – CH2OH PrimarioR – CHOH – R´ Secundario R´R – C – OH Terciario R´´
  3. 3. CH3 – CH2OH EtanolCH3 – CH2 – CH2OH 1-PropanolCH3 – CHOH – CH3 2-PropanolCH3 – CH2 – CH2 – CH2OH 1-ButanolCH3 – CHOH – CH2 – CH3 2-ButanolMetanol CH3OHCH2OH – CH2 – CH2OH 1,3-PropanodiolEtanodiol CH2OH – CH2OH
  4. 4. CH3 – CHOH – CH2OH 1,2-propanodiolCH2 = CH – CH2OH 2-Propen-1-olCH3 – CH – CHOH – CH3 3-Metil-2-butanol CH3CH3 – CHOH – CH = CH – CH2OH 2-Penten-1,4-diolCH3 – CH2 – CH – CH3 2-Metil-1-butanol CH2OHCH3 – CHOH – CH = CH – CH3 3-Penten-2-olCH3 – CH = C = CH – CH2OH 2,3-Pentadien-1-ol
  5. 5. CH3 – CH – CH – CH – CH2OH CH2 CH3 CH3 CH3 2,3,4-Trimetil-1-hexanol CH  C – CH2 – CH – CH2OH 2-Etil-4-pentin-1-ol CH2 – CH3 Propanotriol o glicerina CH2OH – CHOH – CH2OH CH3 CH3CH3 – COH – COH – CH3 2,3-dimetil-2,3-butanodiol
  6. 6. Los éteres sencillos se pueden nombrar con el nombre delos radicales unidos al oxígeno y con la terminación éter.Ejemplos:CH3 – CH2 – CH2 – O – CH2 – CH2 – CH3 Dipropiléter CH3 – CH2 – O – CH3 Etilmetiléter CH3 – CH2 – O – CH2 – CH3 DIETILÉTER Este éter es el “éter” corriente.
  7. 7. CH3 – CH2 – O – CH = CH2 Etoxieteno O – CH3 CH3 – CH – CH2 – CH3 2-Metoxibutano Dimetiléter CH3 – O – CH3CH3 – CH2 –– CH2 – O – CH = CH2 Propoxieteno O – CH3 1-Metoxibutano CH2 – CH2 – CH2 – CH3
  8. 8. CH2 = CH – CH – CH – O – CH2 – CH3 | | CH3 CH2 | CH3 1 3-Etoxi-4-metil-5-hexeno CH3 CH3 – CH – CH2 – CH – CH2OH CH3 2,4-dimetil-1-pentanol

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