IRON AND STEEL ARCHITECTURE AND REALISM Diego López-Casero Martínez 4ºA23/04/2012
INDEX IRON AN STEEL ARCHITECTURE: characteristics, examples… REALISM: characteristics, examples…. CREDITS:websites used for the information of this project
IRON AND STEEL ARCHITECTURE• This style developed during the 19th century.• The new materials (iron, steel, concrete…) and the new ways of producing them spread their use because the new necessities of industry and cities created a boom of construction of infrastructures and facilities for transport and communications. The Library of St. Genevieve in Paris, France, by Henri Labrouste
EXAMPLES OF IRON AND STEEL ARCHITECTURE• Some important examples were:• The Eiffel Tower in Paris by Gustave Eiffel.• The Chrystal Palace in London by Joseph Paxton.• Chicago sky-scrappers by Sullivan (2nd picture).• The Library of St. Genevieve by Henri Labrouste.• The Gallery of Machines of Dutert and Contamin by Louis Dutert y Contamin.(1st picture).
THE EIFFEL TOWER• Tittle: The Eiffel Tower• Artist: It was built by the engineer Gustave Eiffel and his colleagues.• Chronology: It was built between 1887 and 1889• Material used: Wrought iron• Present location: Champ de Mars in Paris (France)• Description: It’s a 330- meters high wrought iron tower. The Eiffel Tower was originally created to serve as entrance for the 1889 World Fair in Paris. It has a weight of 7,000 tones. It’s supported by four strong columns that form a solid base.• Nowadays is a tourist claim and it’s also radio and television broadcasting tower
REALISM• This style developed in the 2nd half of the 19th century• This style represented a more free painting that it’s open to new themes.• The artists showed an interest for the situation of the disadvantage of the lower classes.• The main innovations are in the themes chosen and in the form that they are represented. The Gleaners, by Millet
SCULPTURE• The main themes of these sculptures were work, ordinary life and they represented also the queens and kings of some important places.• The bourgeoisie was the predominant group that commissioned sculptures.• Sculptures were more detailed.• Sculptors didn’t have too much artistic freedom, due to the difficulty for selling their works and high prices of sculptures with respect to painting. Bust of Christ ,by The forger ,by The dance, by Jean Constantin Meunier Constantine Meunier Baptiste Carpeaux
EXAMPLES Girls with shell, by Jean Baptiste CarpeauxAlphonse XII byMariano Benlliure Carpeaux font by Baptiste CarpeuxUgolin and his sons by Isabella the CatholicBaptiste Carpeaux by Mariano Benlliure
PAINTING : CHARACTERISTICS• This style of painting was a reaction against the Neoclassicist statism and the exaggerated liberalism and poetic aspects of Romanticism.• They represented ordinary life, problems derived from industrialization and disappointment for the failure of liberal revolutions.• They also represented farmers doing their daily works, with the appropriate clothes for these works• They didn´t worry about creating beauty, only the one who derived from reality because their main function was to represent reality.• They also represented farmers doing their daily works, with the appropriate clothes for these works• They didn´t worry about creating beauty, only the one who derived from reality because their main function was to represent reality. The waherwoman by The sower by Hónore Daumier Millet
Gustave Courbet A burial at Ornans Beach in NormandyThe origin of the world Woman in white stockings
Honoré Daumier The lawyerTwo sculptors The Burden
Jean Françoise MilletMan with a hoe Louise-Antoinette Feuardent Seated Shephardess
The Barbizon School The herd boy by Constant TroyonIn the wood at Fontainebleau by Theodore Rousseau The passage by Country Woman Riding a A Antonio Fontanesi Donkey by Constant Troyon
• Title: The Angelus THE ANGELUS• Artists: Jean François Millet• Chronology: It was painted between 1857 and 1859• Material used: Oil on canvas• Commissioner: It was commissioned by Thomas Gold Appleton, but he didn´t buy it finally.• Present location: Orsay Museum in Paris (France)• Description: On this painting we can observe two farmers that are praying at sunset. They are praying because they want to thank God for the harvest obtained with their hard work. In the lower part of the painting we can observe the tools that they used to work and the harvest that they have collected.• This is a Realist painting because of the colors and shadows and also because this painting represents ordinary life of farmers. And represent reality as it is.
CREDITS• Websites:• El Ángelus, Jean François Millet. 2006. Musée d´Orsay. Obras comentadas. 20th April 2012. http://www.musee-orsay.fr/es/colecciones/obras- comentadas/busqueda/commentaire_id/langelus-339.html?no_cache=1>• El Ángelus de Millet. April 2008 http://aquileana.wordpress.com/2008/04/02/jean-francois-millet-el- angelus-salvador-dali-reminiscencia-arqueologica-de-el-angelus-de-millet/• The Angelus http://www.wikipaintings.org/en/jean-francois-millet/the- angelus-1859• Escultura del realismo. February 14th 2012. http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Escultura_del_realismo• Pintura del realismo. April 9th 2012. http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pintura_del_realismo• Torre Eiffel.April 20th 2012. http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torre_Eiffel
CREDITS• Pintura realista. February 8th 2011. http://turismouniversal.com/pintura- realista-caracteristicas.html• Arquitectura del hierro.2005. http://www.arteespana.com/arquitecturadelhierro.htm• La pintura realista en el siglo XIX. May 2007 http://tom- historiadelarte.blogspot.com.es/2007/05/la-pintura-realista-en-el-siglo- xix.html• Arte realista. 2004. http://www.artelista.com/arte-realista.html• Artists by Movement: The Barbizon School http://www.artcyclopedia.com/history/barbizon-school.html• Arte historia. http://www.artehistoria.jcyl.es/genios/cuadros/4090.htm• Books:• Blanco Carrasco, Cristina and Pérez Fons, Paqui, Social Sciences History 4th Year ESO