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Proceso de elaboración del chocolate

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En este caso describimos de manera detallada el proceso de elaboración del chocolate.

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Proceso de elaboración del chocolate

  1. 1. UNIVERSIDAD POLITÉCNICA DEL GOLFO DE MÉXICO
  2. 2. INTRODUCCIÓN El chocolate, es un derivado del fruto del árbol del cacao (Theobroma cacao). tras un proceso de elaboración largo pero simple se puede convertir en un completo alimento de alta complejidad gustativa. No se conocen con certeza los orígenes del árbol de cacao. Lo que se tiene por hecho es que las primeras evidencias de su uso humano se encuentran en territorio mexicano, que hace mucho tiempo fue ocupado por culturas prehispánicas. El cacao también era utilizado como moneda en las culturas prehispánicas, se utilizaban para pagar el tributo al “tlatoani.
  3. 3. PROCESO DE ELABORACIÓN DEL CHOCOLATE El proceso Industrial del Cacao se puede dividir en dos etapas: 1. Transformación del Cacao. 2. Producción en la Industria Chocolatera
  4. 4. Transformación del Cacao Una vez recogidos los frutos del cacao, se inicia un largo proceso de preparación, conocido con el nombre de beneficiado del cacao, que da como resultado la materia prima a partir de la cual la industria chocolatera elaborará los derivados del
  5. 5. TRANSFORMACIÓN DEL CACAO  Fermentación Proceso para separar la pulpa de la semilla y desarrollar los compuestos responsables del sabor. En las plantaciones más pequeñas se realiza envolviendo la pulpa y los granos con grandes hojas de bananeros o en grandes cestas de mimbre, mientras que en las plantaciones más grandes se desarrolla en grandes tanques de madera o de hormigón.
  6. 6. TRANSFORMACIÓN DEL CACAO  Limpieza y Secado Una vez limpios, los granos se dejan secar al sol durante una semana aproximadamente para eliminar la humedad y mejorar la conservación.
  7. 7. TRANSFORMACIÓN DEL CACAO  Tostado: Su propósito es disminuir la humedad de los granos, desarrollar el aroma y sabor del cacao, y facilitar la eliminación de la cáscara. Las semillas del cacao ya están listas para ser enviadas a la industria chocolatera.
  8. 8. Industria Chocolatera En el proceso industrial se realizan las operación de limpieza, descascarillado, tostado, y molido, para obtener la Pasta de Cacao que es el principal ingrediente del chocolate. Posteriormente la Pasta de Cacao es prensada para obtener dos productos: Manteca de Cacao Torta de Cacao
  9. 9. Industria Chocolatera La Torta de Cacao y la Manteca de Cacao son la materias primas para fabricar distintos tipos de Chocolate. Chocolate Negro Chocolate Blanco Chocolate con Leche
  10. 10. Esquema del Proceso - Retirar piedras, hojas, y otros elementos extraños - Temperatura entre 120 y 140 ˚C - Tiempo entre 20 y 40 minutos - Reducción de tamaño - Eliminación de cascara - Obtención de licor de cacao - Extracción subproductos - Refinación -Obtención de manteca de cacao
  11. 11. Esquema del Proceso Continuación.. - Obtención de pasta de cacao - Mat. Prima para diferentes usos - Obtención de pasta de cacao - Adición de azucar, leche, etc.. - Eliminación de grumos - Homogenizar la mezcla - Eliminación de exceso humedad - Equilibrar la acides - Se da forma al producto final

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