1º Bimonthly Term
It is used to describe actions that are happening. It’s formula is BE+VERB+ING.
I am cooking the cake for Anne Marie’s birthday.
How to write them… Just as sentences, using the BE+VERB+ING formula. For
Are you cooking the cake for Anne Marie’s B-day?
And the answer:
Yes, I am.
This tense is used to describe habits, costumes or routines. For example:
I receive piano lessons each Monday.
You celebrate Christmas every year.
We go to Alma’s house every month.
They drink tea every noon
She goes to bed at 10 pm.
He leaves home in the morning at 7am.
It doesn’t eat the fruit I give it every day!
How to make them? Use the formula AUXILIARY+BASE FORM. For example:
Do you receive piano lessons?
And the answer:
Yes, I do.
Does he leave home in the morning at 7am?
And the answer:
Yes, he does. Personal Pronouns
Possessive Pro. Stand Alone
2º Bimonthly Term
Types of sentences:
Run-on: 2 or more sentences running together.
Declaratives: Declare something.
Interrogative: Ask something.
Imperative: Express an order.
Exclamatory: Express emotion or strong feelings.
Parts of sentences:
Simple Subject: The most important word in the subject.
Simple Predicate: The most important word in the predicate.
Complete Subject: All the words in the predicate.
Complete Predicate: All the words in the predicate.
Fragment: Is a group of words that lacks of a subject or predicate.
This tense is used to talk about things that happened in the past.
SOME COMMON PAST TIME MARKERS
A month ago
A year ago
•w, r, m
•n, g, vowels
•k, p, tch
•ss, x, ce
2 days ago
A week ago
How to do them? Aux= DID, +VERB.
Their past form is different, no add –ed. Some verbs are may-might, and thinkthought.
You just add –ed to write their past form.
Clauses: Independent and dependent
Independent Clause: Has a subject and a verb; can stand alone as a complete
Dependent Clause: Has a subject and a verb, but can’t stand alone.
Compound and Complex Sentences:
Simple Sentence: Has a complete subject and a complete predicate.
Compound Sentence: Has 2 or more simple sentences joined by a comma and
Complex Sentence: Has one independent clause and one or more dependent
clauses introduced by a conjunction.
Compound-complex Sentence: Has more than one independent clause and at
least one dependent clause.
Common and Proper Noun:
They refer to specific things, people, places, etc. It’s capitalized. Example:
Scott, Camille, Jamie.
It refers to a common or not specific thing, people, places, etc. It’s not
capitalized. Example: dog, girl, man.
What do they express? They express ownership
1. Write an apostrophe and “s” after the word. For example: Trina’s pencil,
2. When you make a plural noun possessive, just add the “s”. For example:
Balls’ colors, Laptops’ covers.
Action and Linking Verbs
A verb is the main word in the word in the predicate.
The verb tells what the subject is or does.
An action verb tells what the subject does, but, linking verbs links, or joins the
subject with a word or words in the predicate that tells what the subject is or is
like, and some linking verbs can be become, appear, look, taste, seem, feel.
Who and Whom
The pronoun who is used as a subject of a sentence or clause. Who called me?
The pronoun whom is used as OofP or as a direct object. Example:
To whom did you give the assignment? OofP
Whom did you give the assignment to? Direct Object
Indefinite and Reflexive Pronouns
They may not refer to specific words.
SINGULAR: Someone, Somebody, Anyone, Anybody, everyone,
Everybody, Something, No one, Either, Each.
PLURAL: Few, Several, Both, Others, Many, All, Some.
Reflect the action of the verb back in the subject.