1Nguyen Duy Duc, April, 2013Topic: Explicate how could the concept of “Green Economy” be applicable to the analysis of your ownstandpoint as a member of Global Citizenship?Nguyen Duy Duc - April, 10th, 2013
2Nguyen Duy Duc, April, 2013I. Introduction:The concept of “Green Economy” is more widely popular nowadays. The tendency ofindustrialization exists widely and the bad effects of it are harmful to the environment. TheGreen Economy is considered a method for improving the economy in developed countries anddeveloping countries. People mention the Green Economy to save their economy, but it alsoserves to pollute and threaten the environment.Developing a clean economy which is less harmful for the environment will improve manyaspects of human life and will likely less threaten people and other living things as well.II. The definition of Green Economy:United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) defines a Green Economy as one that resultsin improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmentalrisks and ecological scarcity. In its simplest expression, a Green Economy expels little carbon isresource efficient and socially inclusive.Recent research source shows that the Green Economy is a clean energy economy, consistingprimarily of four sectors: renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, geothermal); green buildings andenergy efficient technology; energy-efficient infrastructure and transportation; and recyclingwaste-to-energy.The Green Economy is not just about the ability to produce clean energy, but also includestechnologies that allow cleaner production processes, as well as the growing market for productswhich consume less energy, such as fluorescent lightbulbs and organic and locally producedfood. Thus, it might include products, processes, and services that reduce environmental impactor improve natural resource use.
3Nguyen Duy Duc, April, 2013In general, the Green Economy is a type of the economy that provides benefits for all humansand societies while reducing the risks of effects to the environment. The Green Economy isclosely linked with a stable economy in order to preserve and enhance the benefits of all naturalresouces from the earth.III. Green Economy in the world:The early part of the 21st century has seen dramatic changes in the world’s environmental andeconomic well-being. With regard to the economy, many developing and developed contries aretrying their best to increase GDP as high as they can. The environment is suffering frompollution due to too much focusing on the economy. Below are two charts showing how all ofthe economic systems in the world are harming to the environment.In addition, the tendency of deforestation and the hectares of planted forest are increasing, whichmeans pristine forests are gradually disappearing. A Green Economy calls for the preservation offorests in order to prevent threats to human livelihoods.Chart 1: Trends in Forest Cover and DeforestationForest Cover 1990 2010World forestarea(hectares)4.17 billion 4.03 billionWorld plantedforest area(hectares)178 million 264 millionDeforestation 1990-2000 2000-2010
4Nguyen Duy Duc, April, 2013Annual netforest loss(hectares/year)8.3 million 5.2 millionAnnualdeforestation(hectares/year)16 million 13 millionAnnualincrease inplantedforest(hectares/year)3.36 million 5 millionSource: Global Forest Resource Assessment 2010, FAO; *Carle and Holmgren, 2008The total area of world forest area in 1990 is 4.17 million hectares; 2010 with 4.03 billionhectares. As we can see in the chart above, the number of total forest area of total planted area,increased considerably. And the number of annual deforestation is decreasing 10 years from1990 to 2010.Chart 2: Investment in Sustainable Energy, 2004-2009 (US$ billion).Source: UNEP and Bloomberg New Energy Finance, 2010.46 72109157 173 162050100150200Năm 2004 Năm 2205 Năm 2006 Năm 2007 Năm 2008 Năm 2009Global New Investment In SustainableEnergy, 2004-2009, $BN
5Nguyen Duy Duc, April, 2013It can be said that the investment in sustainable energy from 2004 to 2009 inreased from $46BNup to $162BN. This means existing sustainable energy exists on the earth is increasing. Theharmful effects to the Green Economy will be larger if the investment increases.The topic for the Worldwide Environment Day on June, 5th, 2012 was “Green Economy” (GreenEconomy: Does it include you?). The topic emphasized how to build a Green Economy for abrighter future. More significantly, “you” are an important factor for contributing for the successof the Green Economy.The Green Economy has a very close relationship with stable development. The Green Economyplays an important role in the stable development of all needs, yet is not harmful for the future.Stable development offers us the highest standard of workmanship, whether you require a newextension to a property or improvements to your existing home.In summary, the economy and environment is considered as a solution to increasing pollutionworld.IV. Green Economy in VietnamChanging economic models to the Green Economy will bring many advantages to Vietnam. Theactions of running the economy will be benificial if it has no bad effects to the environment. Onthe other hand, the country should develop some key industries that are friendly to theenvironment such as eco-tourism, organic agriculture, recycling industries, bio-energy,regenerating natural forests, etc.It can be said that choosing a Green Economy is the best choice for futher the alleviation ofpoverty in Vietnam. However, the model of a Green Economy in Vietnam needs to be researchedand improved to be appropriate to the situation in Vietnam.
6Nguyen Duy Duc, April, 2013So, is Vietnam stable with the development? The economy in Vietnam is not “green” yetbecause it is based on the natural sources such as exploiting raw minerals, forests… Secondly,the economy is suffering from large amounts of big solid waste. The economic factor isdominant over the environment and society. The GDP of Vietnam is high but it is dependent onsome industries that waste natural resources, pollute environment and exploit raw products.V. Benefits from Green Economy:In Green Economy, the environment can create the development of the economy and healthcarewell. For example, the Green Economy can prevent disasters from nature such as floods,droughts… and climate change for the poor, who are easily affected. In addition, the GreenEconomy can create equality in society.The Green Economy can also create jobs. The Green Economy is able to create jobs in somepotential fields such as organic agriculture, recycling energy, pubic transportation, etc.The declining the diversity of biology reduces walfare in the world. Meanwhile, some countriesin the world are facing more serious problems and poverty, which harms the eco-system and canlead to climate change. Moreover, ecosystem is main supplyies materials for economicdevelopment.Moreover, the policies of Green Economy will help developing countries in some aspects ofeconomy and society such as clean energy, approachable energy services and improving effectusing sources through investment, etc.VI. Conclusion:Above are some analysises about the importance of the Green Economy such as different aspectsof some concepts of Green Economy, the economic situation impacting on the economy in theworld and Vietnam and some benefits from Green Economy.
7Nguyen Duy Duc, April, 2013The harmful effects of climate change will not only impact on Vietnam, but also impact on all ofthe countries in the world. Therefore, human being and living things have to suffer directly fromthe change.We need to spread out global awareness as much as possible about the Green Econnomy for allof people on earth to earn benefits from that. In addition, the government of any country needs tostress on some kinds of service such as eco-tourism, organic agriculture, recycling industries,bio-energy, regenerating natural forests, etc. Besides that, they need to reduce some fieldscausing over-pollution.It comes to an end that each member of Global Citizen needs to have a firm awareness of GreenEconomy in order to develop the economy without pollution.