Chp 5 How To Crack The Act English Test


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Chp 5 How To Crack The Act English Test

  1. 1. How to Crack the ACT English Test<br />Chapter 5<br />An Introduction to the ACT English Test<br />
  2. 2. The English test does not test how well you write<br />It tests how well you know and can apply the rules of standard written English<br />The ACT is a standardized test so it always tests the same basic concepts<br />If you don’t know what the question is testing, you can look at the clues<br />In this chapter you will learn to find these clues and use them along with along with test strategies to get a higher English score<br />
  3. 3. What the English Test tests<br />The English test measures how well you understand “the conventions of standard written English”<br />There are 5 passages to read<br />Portions of each passage will be underlined<br />You must decide<br />Are the portions written correctly<br />Or whether one og the other answer choices are better<br />
  4. 4. Some questions are designed to measure your knowledge of<br />Punctuation<br />Grammar<br />Sentence structure<br />Other questions are designed to see if you know<br />How to revise and strengthen a passage<br />How to change particular words for style or clarity<br />How to explain or support a point of view more clearly or effectively<br />
  5. 5. There are a total of 75 questions to answer in 45 minutes<br />You do not have to be a strong writer to do well on this test<br />You do need to know what types of errors come up again and again and how to fix them<br />
  6. 6. What do the Passages look like<br />Handout<br />Most of the questions refer to individual words or phrases in the passage; these words are underlined and numbered<br />A few of the questions (such as question 5) ask you about the organization of a paragraph. You can tell what paragraph hey ask about by looking for the question number in the a box at the end of a paragraph<br />You will also see a few questions that ask you about the passage as a whole (number 6)<br />
  7. 7. By the way, the answers are:<br />1. C<br />2. G<br />3. A<br />4. G<br />5. B<br />6. F<br />
  8. 8. Triage<br />In the English test, the ACT writer have concocted there own brand of triage for you<br />Specific questions on punctuation, grammar and sentence structure tend to come early in the passage<br />Usually there will be one or two questions about style or rhetoric at the end of the passage – these deal with the passage as a whole<br />
  9. 9. First Pass, Second Pass<br />On the first pass, answer all the question that you know you can answer quickly and confidently<br />On the second pass, answer the questions that require more thought or that you skipped the first time through<br />Use POE to help you get rid of wrong answers<br />
  10. 10. Looking for Clues<br />One of the ways to look for errors is to search the answer choices for clues<br />The underlined portions are very short – so it’s easy to see how each choice is different from the others<br />These differences offer a strong indication of what is on the minds of the ACT writers<br />
  11. 11. Look at the following example<br />27. A. NO CHANGE<br /> B. One goes<br /> C. you go<br /> D. He goes<br />Clearly this question is about pronouns<br />Even if you didn’t spot anything wrong with the underlined passage as you read it<br />The answer choices are telling you to check and see if the pronoun agrees with the noun in the passage<br />
  12. 12. What if there is more than one thing wrong?<br />There is often more than one error in the underlined portion of a sentence<br />First find one error<br />Eliminate the answer choices that contain the same error<br />Then compare the remaining answer choices<br />Regardless of the number of errors you find in the question, keep your focus on the differences in the answer choices<br />
  13. 13. NO CHANGE<br />Many of the questions in this test have NO CHANGE as the first of the answer choices<br />DO NOT assume that there is always something wrong with the passage<br />NO CHANGE turns out to be the correct answer a little less than a quarter of the time it is offered<br /> SO DON’T BE AFRAID TO USE IT!<br />
  14. 14. OMIT the underlined portion<br />A few of the questions in this test will have “OMIT the underlined portion” as the last of the four answer choices<br />When this choice is offered, it has a high probability of being correct – better than 50% of the time on recent test<br />But, don’t just choose it every time you see it<br />It is worth noting that when you see the word OMIT, you should examine it very carefully<br />
  15. 15. Before We Begin, Some Terminology<br />The ACT is not going to test you on parts of speech or diagram a sentence, but it will be helpful to know some basic definitions.<br />Tom broke the vase<br />This sentence is made up of two nouns a verb and an article <br />
  16. 16. Tom broke the vase<br />A noun is a word used to name a person, a place, a thing, or an idea<br />A verb is a word that expresses action<br />An article is a word that modifies or limits a noun<br />
  17. 17. Tom accidentally broke the big vase of flowers<br />We’ve added an adverb, an adjective, and a prepositional phrase to the original sentence<br />An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb<br />An adjective is a word that modifies a noun<br />A preposition is a word that notes the relation of a noun to an action or a thing<br />
  18. 18. Tom accidentally broke the big vase of flowers.<br />A phrase is a group of words that acts as a single part of speech. A phrase is missing either a subject, a verb or both.<br />