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Pressnote for special immunization weeks


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Pressnote for special immunization weeks

  1. 1. Novel strategy by GoI to enhanceImmunization coverageConduction of Special immunizationWeeksVaccines are a strong public health tool and Vaccination is one of the most cost-effectivepublic health interventions to protect children against mortality, morbidity and disabilityacross the world, but still the immunization coverage rates are suboptimal in certain areas.With an aim to enhance the immunization coverage in both rural and urban sectors, theUnion government has come up with a novel plan to utilize a week for providing RI(routine immunization) services to people on priority areas.The key objective of this campaign is to improve full immunization coverage and reach allchildren, particularly in remote, inaccessible and backward areas as well as in urban slumsthrough Intensification of immunization activity by observing immunization weeks in lowperforming areas, areas with no government health care provider(Vacant sub centers) andhigh risk areas.Four rounds of special immunization weeks will be held in low performing areas includingurban slums, migrant and mobile populations and marginalized population etc to rapidlyimprove the immunization coverage in the vulnerable unreached infants and children inthese populationsDuring these four rounds of immunization weeks, Special immunization drives will beconducted in pockets of low immunization coverage and high risk areas on priority basis inthe following selected weeksROUND MONTH DATES1stround April 18.04.2013 to 30.04.20132ndround June 03.06.2013 to 08.06.20133rdround July 08.07.2013 to 13.07.20134thround August 19.08.2013 to 13.07.2013
  2. 2. During these weeks special focus will paid towards migrant, mobile populations,marginalized populations and populations in low-immunization coverage pockets, hard toreach areas, border villages, which are considered as high riskA detailed list with exact address of high risk under five different categories – slums,nomads, brick kilns, construction sites and other migratory sites is prepared to immunize the“invisible children” who haven’t been immunized under the Routine Immunization (RI)programme.The infants and children in this five categories are vulnerable for VPDs as theyare most of the time on move, missing vaccination shots.Certain high risk pockets were identified during the preparation of the emergencypreparedness and response plan for polio eradication programmeKurnool district hasType of high risk area NumberConstruction sites 27Brick kilns 28Uncovered Periurban areas 15Urban slums 4Nomads 4Chenchu gudems 42Thandas 61Hard to Reach areas 13Border villages 79Vacant Sub centres 12NPAP_EPRP blocks 13Number of PHCs inNPSP_EPRP high risk areas46Low performance PHCs 20Primary targets will be children under two years and pregnant women who have notreceived all due vaccines according to the National Immunization Schedule (NIS).However, other age-group children coming for vaccination will not be denied, if eligible toreceive a vaccine under NIS.A District Task force meeting for Immunization was conducted on 20.04.2013 where allstakeholders (ICDS,SERP, MEPMA, Municipal authorities, DRDA,IKP) have beensensitized for the additional efforts under the immunization weeks and solicit their activesupport in recruitment of social mobilizers.Under the Universal Immunization Programme (UIP), children are provided vaccination toprevent Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus (DPT), Polio, Measles, JE(Japanese Encephalitis),
  3. 3. severe form of Childhood Tuberculosis(BCG), Hepatitis-B and Tetanus toxoid for Pregnantwomen to prevent Neo natal tetanus.Various steps have been taken under Immunization programme to increase immunizationcoverage and these include support for logistics such as Alternate Vaccine Delivery (AVD),capacity building of service providers at all levels as well as strengthening reporting, andmanagement of Adverse Event Following Immunization (AEFI).Efforts have been made for strengthening supportive supervision at all levels as well asinvolvement of ASHA for social mobilization of children.In order to track every child for assured delivery of immunization services, a web enabledname based tracking system (MCTS) has been put in place with a database of children andupdating of Micro plans to cover all villages and hamlets is being done along with provisionof MCH_R card for every pregnancy registered. This is expected to improve immunizationcoverage substantially within the next one year and facilitate real time reporting onimmunization coverage.A second dose of measles was introduced the previous year and a second dose of JE vaccineis being introduced this year to ensure 100% protection for the infants and children fromMeasles and JE.The financial support is provided under Part C of NRHM (National Rural Health Mission)which was launched as flagship programme by the GoI in 2005 with the objectives ofreduction of IMR, MMR and TFR to less than 30, less than 100 and 1.8 by 2015.District Immunization OfficerKURNOOL 518002Andhra PradeshIndia20.04.2013