Information Warfare


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This PPT was presented in JU_UGC_Refresher Course_on_ 01-09-2011

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Information Warfare

  1. 1. INFORMATION WARFARE (IW) Dibyendu Paul JU UGC_RC 01.09.2011
  2. 2. Stealing intelligent information…
  3. 3. IW weapons……
  4. 4. IW Tool: Social Media…
  5. 5. Media IW…….
  6. 6. Countering stronger foe…
  7. 7. WikiLeaks exposed IW…
  8. 8. WikiLeaks had to happened…
  9. 9. WikiLeaks has happened…
  10. 10. 2 understanding of information… <ul><li>Information-as-data understanding, which largely sees information as a quantity or commodity to be stored, transmitted, used, and of course defended. </li></ul><ul><li>Information-as-perception/image view , which largely sees information in terms of its value for shaping beliefs, perceptions, and images. </li></ul><ul><li>Elgin Brunner and Myriam Dunn </li></ul>
  11. 11. Warfare: origin….!
  12. 12. Warfare: just boom….!
  13. 13. IW: when there were no…
  14. 14. The electronic warfare…
  15. 15. Information Warfare… <ul><li>From Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>IW is a concept involving the use and management of IT in pursuit of a competitive advantage over an opponent . </li></ul><ul><li>May involve collection of tactical information , assurance(s) that one's own information is valid, spreading of propaganda or disinformation to demoralize or manipulate the enemy and the public, undermining the quality of opposing force information and denial of information-collection opportunities to opposing forces. Information warfare is closely linked to psychological warfare. </li></ul><ul><li>Tends to extend into the realms of Electronic Warfare, Cyber Warfare, Information Assurance and Computer Network Operations / Attack / Defense . </li></ul><ul><li>The much broader term is &quot; Information Operations &quot; which, although making use of technology, focuses on the more human-related aspects of information use , including social network analysis, decision analysis and the human aspects of Command and Control. </li></ul>
  16. 16. War of Bengali review media… <ul><li>Bengali Review Media </li></ul><ul><li>Total review media under study: 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Total unique titles: 2503 </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewed in only 1 media: 2178 </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewed in 2 simultaneously: 263 </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewed in 3 simultaneously: 54 </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewed in 4 simultaneously: 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewed in 5 simultaneously: 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewed in 6 simultaneously: 0 </li></ul><ul><li>Total review articles: 2900 </li></ul>
  17. 17. A journalist’s perception… <ul><li>“ His dig was directed at the government which introduced the Bengali primer in the school curricula recently ” </li></ul>
  18. 18. Peoples’ perception….
  19. 19. A researcher’s perception…
  20. 20. Information from
  21. 21. Fact and perception differs… <ul><li>In the IW context, </li></ul><ul><li>‘ data’ is associated with a thing , and discriminates between different states of the thing it describes. It consists of attributes of the events or objects it describes. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ knowledge’ is an attribute of a human . Knowledge is a set of interacting mindsets about data activated by an event. </li></ul><ul><li>Information is the set of data filtered by the human within the bounds of the knowledge held by that human (or group of humans); it establishes a link between cognition and data. </li></ul><ul><li>Boisot (1998) </li></ul>
  22. 22. Manipulation to build perception…
  23. 23. Shifting role of media… <ul><li>Media is moving from sources of information to place of action </li></ul><ul><li>Clay Shirky </li></ul>
  24. 24. From planning to action…
  25. 25. 3 classes of Media effect…. <ul><li>Agenda setting – </li></ul><ul><li>the ability of the media to define the significant issues of the day. </li></ul><ul><li>Priming – </li></ul><ul><li>the relationship between patterns of news coverage and the criteria with which the public evaluated politicians and celebrities. </li></ul><ul><li>Framing – </li></ul><ul><li>the connection between qualitative features of the news and public opinion. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Controlling infosphere…. <ul><li>IW in the Information Age is about controlling the ‘infosphere’. It includes perceptions and information flows at the tactical, operational and strategic level in times of peace, tension, and war. As such, it means controlling sources and the dissemination of information. </li></ul><ul><li>Controlling perceptions held by those in the infosphere implies that information must be created that favors the dominant party. As such, that information may or may not represent physical reality. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Now?… <ul><li>Librarians have long been took responsibility for the reliability of information and protected their users from the consequences caused by inaccurate information. </li></ul><ul><li>The problem is one of verifiability, the users may not have a way to verify whether information is accurate or inaccurate. The verification is even more difficult with disinformation. </li></ul>
  28. 28. T H A N K S