DEPARTMENT OF  CORRECTIONAL ADMINISTRATION:  SOME BASIC CONCEPTS
THE HIERARCHY
THE CORRECTIONAL HOMES
GUIDING STATUTES <ul><li>Code of Criminal Procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Penal Code </li></ul><ul><li>West Bengal Corr...
GUIDING PRINCIPLES <ul><li>Incarceration is “as punishment” and not “for punishment” </li></ul><ul><li>Correctional Homes ...
The District Magistrate  in Correctional Administration <ul><li>General control over a DCH </li></ul><ul><li>Can take comp...
SUB DIVISIONAL OFFICER <ul><li>Ex-officio Superintendents of Subsidiary CHs  (Sec. 7 (1) (a) of the WBCSA) </li></ul><ul><...
SUB DIVISIONAL OFFICER <ul><li>Special eye on the health of the inmates </li></ul><ul><li>Special emphasis on sanitation <...
CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER <ul><li>Controllers (Deputy Jailors) are the  </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Officers of administration o...
MAJOR  AREAS OF SUPERVISION <ul><li>Every inmate should be under charge of an individual guarding staff </li></ul><ul><li>...
MAJOR AREAS OF SUPERVISION Medicare <ul><li>Medical Officer is regular in his visit and is available on call </li></ul><ul...
MAJOR AREAS OF SUPERVISION Water, Sanitation and Diet <ul><li>Water quality is satisfactory </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate ...
VULNERABLE AREAS <ul><li>HOSPITAL </li></ul><ul><li>KITCHEN </li></ul><ul><li>INTERVIEW </li></ul><ul><li>NEW ENTRY </li><...
SCOPE OF INNOVATION <ul><li>NGO ASSOCIATION </li></ul><ul><li>TRAINING </li></ul><ul><li>EDUCATION </li></ul><ul><li>SEGRE...
GOLDEN RULES <ul><li>ENSURE THAT THE CH IS NEVER LEFT WITHOUT CHARGE </li></ul><ul><li>ENSURE THAT EVERY INMATE IS UNDER S...
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Correctional Administration in West Bengal: Basic Concepts

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Correctional Administration in West Bengal: Basic Concepts

  1. 1. DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONAL ADMINISTRATION: SOME BASIC CONCEPTS
  2. 2. THE HIERARCHY
  3. 3. THE CORRECTIONAL HOMES
  4. 4. GUIDING STATUTES <ul><li>Code of Criminal Procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Penal Code </li></ul><ul><li>West Bengal Correctional Services Act </li></ul><ul><li>West Bengal Jail Code </li></ul>
  5. 5. GUIDING PRINCIPLES <ul><li>Incarceration is “as punishment” and not “for punishment” </li></ul><ul><li>Correctional Homes are “Custodians” where inmates are committed, either during continuation of the judicial process or on conviction </li></ul><ul><li>Our efforts are directed towards “correction” through constructive activities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Income generating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Counseling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social interactions </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The District Magistrate in Correctional Administration <ul><li>General control over a DCH </li></ul><ul><li>Can take complete control of the DCH, if required with intimation to the IG of CS </li></ul><ul><li>General control over the management and superintendence of inmates belonging to his district in a central Correctional Home within his jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><li>Visiting once a week </li></ul><ul><li>Deputing Officers </li></ul><ul><li>Superintendence over the Visitors </li></ul>
  7. 7. SUB DIVISIONAL OFFICER <ul><li>Ex-officio Superintendents of Subsidiary CHs (Sec. 7 (1) (a) of the WBCSA) </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for “overall superintendence & control” </li></ul><ul><li>Supposed to “pay visit… at least twice a week” </li></ul><ul><li>Visits to be recorded in ‘Visitors’ Minute Book’ and an annual report on the number of visits made to be sent to the IGCS through the DM </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for efficient management and for proper carrying out of the Rules </li></ul>
  8. 8. SUB DIVISIONAL OFFICER <ul><li>Special eye on the health of the inmates </li></ul><ul><li>Special emphasis on sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Punctuality of submission of monthly bills and returns </li></ul><ul><li>Ascertain quality of food </li></ul><ul><li>Keep a tab on purchases </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting incidents of escape and recapture </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting suicides, accidents, deaths, outbreaks of epidemic diseases and unusual sickness </li></ul>
  9. 9. CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER <ul><li>Controllers (Deputy Jailors) are the </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Officers of administration of the CH (Sec. 12 of the WBCSA) </li></ul><ul><li>Custodian of inmates and properties </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for informing the Superintendent and the Medical Officer of death </li></ul><ul><li>Custodian of records </li></ul>
  10. 10. MAJOR AREAS OF SUPERVISION <ul><li>Every inmate should be under charge of an individual guarding staff </li></ul><ul><li>Guarding staff should be on duty at their posts </li></ul><ul><li>The gate should never be left unmanned </li></ul><ul><li>All transfers should be under appropriate protection </li></ul><ul><li>No outside intervention in the affairs of the Correctional Home should be allowed </li></ul><ul><li>Periodic searches should be undertaken </li></ul>Security
  11. 11. MAJOR AREAS OF SUPERVISION Medicare <ul><li>Medical Officer is regular in his visit and is available on call </li></ul><ul><li>Medicines, especially life saving drugs are always available </li></ul><ul><li>In case of emergency, prompt transfer to the Hospital is arranged </li></ul><ul><li>In case of procedures requiring Government sanction, prompt correspondence is made </li></ul>
  12. 12. MAJOR AREAS OF SUPERVISION Water, Sanitation and Diet <ul><li>Water quality is satisfactory </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate and adequate sanitary arrangements </li></ul><ul><li>Regular maintenance of sanitation facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Surprise check on diet- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-cooking supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During cooking use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post cooking distribution </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. VULNERABLE AREAS <ul><li>HOSPITAL </li></ul><ul><li>KITCHEN </li></ul><ul><li>INTERVIEW </li></ul><ul><li>NEW ENTRY </li></ul><ul><li>MOVEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>ABANDONED/ UNUSED COVERED SPACES </li></ul>
  14. 14. SCOPE OF INNOVATION <ul><li>NGO ASSOCIATION </li></ul><ul><li>TRAINING </li></ul><ul><li>EDUCATION </li></ul><ul><li>SEGREGATION </li></ul><ul><li>CULTURAL ACTIVITIES </li></ul><ul><li>INTERACTION WITH THE JUDICIARY </li></ul><ul><li>SPECIAL STUDY </li></ul>
  15. 15. GOLDEN RULES <ul><li>ENSURE THAT THE CH IS NEVER LEFT WITHOUT CHARGE </li></ul><ul><li>ENSURE THAT EVERY INMATE IS UNDER SPECIFIC CHARGE OF A PERSON, ROUND THE CLOCK AND NO ONE IS PLACED UNDER DUAL CHARGE </li></ul><ul><li>ENSURE THAT ANY UNNATURAL INCIDENT INCLUDING MEDICAL EMERGENCY IS PROMPTLY ATTENDED </li></ul><ul><li>ENSURE THAT ALL COVERED SPACES ARE LOCKED/ GUARDED </li></ul><ul><li>ENSURE THAT WOMEN INMATES ARE SEPARATED AND NOT ACCESSED ALONE BY MALE INMATES/ STAFF </li></ul>

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