Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Enabling Abilites with Smart Systems - Madelaine Sayko


Published on

Madelaine Sayko's presentation at the Cognitive Systems Institute Speaker Group Series call on October 22, 2015.

Published in: Technology
  • Did you try ⇒ ⇐?. They know how to do an amazing essay, research papers or dissertations.
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Be the first to like this

Enabling Abilites with Smart Systems - Madelaine Sayko

  1. 1. Enabling Abilities with Smart Support Systems Madelaine Sayko, CEO Patrice Tremoulet, PhD Meira Josephy
  2. 2. What Is Cognition ● Cognition: the process by which sensory inputs are transformed, reduced, elaborated, stored, recovered, and used. (APA, 2013) ● Includes; the mental processes of attention, memory, comprehending and producing language, monitoring mental and physiological states, calculating, reasoning, planning, problem solving, sequencing, wayfinding and decision making. (from ICF cognitive functions) ● Cognition is not necessarily the same as intelligence © Cognitive Compass 2015
  3. 3. What Is A Cognitive Disability? ● Standard Definition: Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, this individual has more difficulty than the average person with concentrating, remembering, or making decisions ● Additional features include:  Deficits in initiation, problem solving, abstract reasoning insight, judgement, planning, information processing, interpreting social cues, and organization. (NIH Consensus Development Panel of Rehabilitation of Persons with Traumatic Brain Injury)  Cognitive disabilities range from significant to mild.  They occur across a broad spectrum (Armstrong – continuum of competence)  Cognitive disabilities are not always apparent (invisible)  Many individuals can perform at very high levels but may have a problem with a specific function such as attention or social skills  Cognitive disabilities may include physical attributes such as vision or balance  Many cognitive disabilities improve throughout a lifetime, no matter when they occurred or how (Chapman 2015) © Cognitive Compass 2015
  4. 4. Why Cognitive Assistants for Disability • Almost ½ of all disabilities are cognitive (43%) • 25% of the workforce are baby boomers who will experience mild cognitive impairments even as they continue to work • First generation of students graduating from school under ADA are now in the workforce • 95% of clinicians report that people with brain injury need technology to support organization and memory • Over 1/3 of employers have difficulty filling positions; persons with cognitive disabilities may be able to meet these needs with Assistive Technology for Cognition (ATC) © Cognitive Compass 2015
  5. 5. What Is Assistive Technology For Cognition • Technologies Are Human Created Artifacts that Extend Human Capabilities (Kapp 1877, Lawson 2010) • Assistive Technology for Cognition are human created artifacts that enable, enhance or extend cognitive function (Gillespie and Zittoun, 2010) © Cognitive Compass 2015
  6. 6. Evolution of Cognitive Model Technology Type/ User Group/ Rehab Goals Modular/ Neuropsychological View/Functional Specificity/ ICF Neuro-Socio- Technical /ATC as a circuit • Similar deficits arise in different user groups. • Single technology can support multiple cognitive functions DESIGN FOR ALL Cognition as an interactive process – Cognition and Behavior linked (Bateson) © Cognitive Compass 2015
  7. 7. Executive Function (Norman and Shallice) Environmental Triggers Mobilize Scripts Action in the Environment Regulating and Monitoring Supervisory Attentional System © Cognitive Compass 2015
  8. 8. Socio-Neuro-Technical Model • A full understanding of human cognition must consider the elements beyond the brain itself; including interaction with environmental factors • Environmental factors include o Psycho-social o Physical Space o Task o Resources • Seamless Interaction with the world – Zero effort technology • Neural structure of individual adapts to the tools in the environment and the modes of social interaction – supports compensation © Cognitive Compass 2015
  9. 9. What Are The Challenges Of Addressing Cognitive Disability ● Very individualized needs – wide spectrum ● Challenges with initiation may impact ability to enter or actively use tools ● Memory issues may make it harder to learn tools ● Lack of self- awareness ● Socio-Neuro-Technical model is needed – must address  Context  Task  Ability  Personality  Supports  Environment © Cognitive Compass 2015
  10. 10. Examples • Neuropage • PEAT (Brain Aid) • Memex • Bionic Brain • Smart Calendaring • SIRI et al • Remembrance Agent • Word processing tools – spell check • CALO © Cognitive Compass 2015
  11. 11. New Product Development © Cognitive Compass 2015
  12. 12. A New Solution Set for a Cognitive Assistant • Based on Semantic Knowledge • Start with one function built into a service system • Based on organizational norms • Utilize built in decision making, cuing and custom prompts for minimal effort and to mitigate initiation problems • Creates a status for documents, email and contacts for projects © Cognitive Compass 2015
  13. 13. Key Features • Service System • Zero Effort Technology (approximates) • Smart System – learns the users • Cognitively Friendly UI - NLP • Assessment and Recommender Component • Captures User Data • Mobile • Focus on Function & Task Interaction NOT a given disability • Integrates task functions into one system • Uses external prompts and aids to ‘scaffold’ the user © Cognitive Compass 2015
  14. 14. Functions • Set of Assistive Tools that are “aware” of accepted social norms in work organizations • Monitor work patterns • Offer assistance and appropriate reminders and cues • Offloads some task management to technology • Provide insight in cognitive disability in the workplace • ‘Canary in the coal mine’ for understanding cognition overall © Cognitive Compass 2015
  15. 15. Learning Models • Guide the User – high level of system feedback, instructs user when mistakes are made, encourages when right path is chosen (think video games) • Understand the User – responds to user needs and preferences, response speed, accuracy etc. shape system presentation (think cognitive games) • Support the User- present information in ways that are easy to follow, step by step (highly structured) © Cognitive Compass 2015
  16. 16. AN INTELLIGENT TASK STATUS MANAGER Task Status Management Functionality Knowledge of Social / Org norms and practices related to tasks statuses Monitoring Cues & Advise Adjustments *1) Supplier X hasn’t responded to inquiry for a week, follow up with him *2) email requests from Manager needs respond within 24 hours, *3) monthly work status report pre-warning 5 days in advance of deadline © Cognitive Compass 2015
  17. 17. Future Vision For A Cognitive Support Service System Private Data Store Behavioral Physiological & Environmental Models Recommender & Integrated Work Assist Environment Smart Assessor Individualized cuing and aids to ‘scaffold’ the user for task needs – Cognitive Assistant Task & Status Management Attention / Initiation Planning & Organization Communication/ Behavior Time Management/ Cognitive Budget Usage Patterns Biometric Devices Image Collection Dialogue Module User Preferences © Cognitive Compass 2015
  18. 18. Contact Information • Madelaine Sayko • • (610) 715-2057