Project for eng1 b


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Project for eng1 b

  2. 2. In this lesson you will learn on how to draw conclusions from the materials you read, at the end of this lesson you will answer 30 questions regarding the story you had read.
  3. 3. WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY “DRAWING CONCLUSION”  Drawing conclusions refers to information that is implied or inferred. This means that the information is never clearly stated.  Writers often tell you more than they say directly. They give you hints or clues that help you "read between the lines." Using these clues to give you a deeper understanding of your reading is called inferring. When you infer, you go beyond the surface details to see other meanings that the details suggest or imply (not stated). When the meanings of words are not stated clearly in the context of the text, they may be implied that is, suggested or hinted at. When meanings are implied, you may infer them.
  4. 4. Look at the clues in the story.  Make connections between pieces of information.  Think about what you know about past experiences.  Decide if what you know applies the story.  Consider all the information that is not directly stated.  Use all of what you know to draw a conclusion. 
  5. 5. Let us have a practice oh how to draw conclusions based on the information given. Julio and his father had been looking forward to their fishing trip for weeks. They didn't take much food with them on the trip. When they started fishing they were quickly approached by a forest ranger. He asked Julio's father if he had a fishing license. Julio's father reached into his wallet and suddenly got a terrified look on his face. Julio was disappointed that night as he ate dinner.
  6. 6. QUESTIONS: 1.Why did Julio and his father not take much food with them on the trip? a. they didn't want to eat too much b. they didn't have any food at their house c. they were planning on eating the fish that they caught d. they don't like to eat fish 2. Which of the following is a conclusion that can be drawn about the story? a. Julio was disappointed at dinner because he was hoping to have fish for dinner. b. Julio's mother doesn't like fish c. It takes a long time to catch fish d. Julio's father is a better fisherman than Julio
  7. 7. Richard and Luis had been hiking for hours. Richard had to carry Luis for the last few miles of the hike. Sweat was rolling down his face as the sun shone directly overhead.
  8. 8. 3. What conclusion can be drawn about Luis's age? a. He is older than Richard b. He is the same age as Richard c. He just had a birthday d. He is younger than Richard 4. What time of day is it? a. Morning b. Midday c. Midnight d. Night
  9. 9. Annie could hear the music playing over the loud speaker in the mall. She and her mother were shopping for a present for her father. Annie could see a big line in the centre of the mall. She wondered what all the people were waiting for. She then heard a jolly "HO! HO! HO!" from the centre of the crowd and she quickly realized what the people were waiting on. As Annie and her mother walked through the mall, she noticed that the store windows were decorated with green, white, and red decorations.
  10. 10. 5. Which of the following is a conclusion that could be made from the story? a. Annie and her mother were shopping for a birthday present for Annie's father. b. The people were waiting in line to see Santa Claus c. The mall is close to Annie's house d. The music was coming from a band 6. What season of the year is it? a. Spring b. Summer c. Winter d. Fall 7.Which of the following is a conclusion that can be drawn from the story? a. Annie will get what she wants for Christmas b. Annie and her mother go to the mall often c. Santa Claus is coming to town d. the store windows were decorated for Christmas
  11. 11. Answer Key  1. c  2. a 3.d 4.b 5.b 6.c 7.d 
  12. 12. So, let us now answer your official exam which is 30 questions Good Enough for Grandma? Read the selection, and then answer the questions that follow. (1)Mom was busy in the kitchen when my brother Marco and I got home from school Friday. "Did you remember your grandmother's coming today?" she asked. (2)"Sure, Mom," we laughed. "Didn't you notice we cleaned our rooms?" (3)Mom smiled. "Thanks. I know I shouldn't be nervous, but my mother hasn't been here in almost six years! As I was growing up, her house always looked perfect. So I want everything to be . . . well . . ." (4)"Perfect," I said with a smile. "What else can we do to help before she gets here?" (5)Mom looked around, "You two could set the table. Use the good china . . . and be very careful with the glasses. . . . Grandma gave those to your dad and me before you were born!"
  13. 13. (6)As Mom prepared a sumptuous meal, Marco and I set the table. We carefully put a plate, glass, and silverware at each place. I taught Marco how to line up the forks on the left side of each plate and the knives and spoons on the right. In the centre of the table, we placed a set of tall white candles. Then we stepped back and looked at our work. It seemed something was missing. "What's missing?" I asked Marco. (7)"Napkins?" he asked. "And I don't think Mom would want us to use paper ones!"  (8)We both laughed. Marco opened a drawer and took out the nice cloth napkins Mom saved for special occasions. The soft white squares were folded in the middle, and we placed one on each plate. "Do you think that looks good enough?" I mumbled. (9)"No," Marco whispered. "Let's make them look fancier. Remember that restaurant we went to last year? Their napkins were folded to look like crowns! Now that was elegant!"
  14. 14. (10)I nodded and unfolded the cloth napkin in front of me. "Look," I said, pointing to the creases in the cloth, "these lines make triangle shapes. That gives me a great idea! Let's do origami . . . that'll make the napkins unique!" (11)Marco looked confused, so I explained, "Origami's a kind of folding art. People usually use paper, but you can use cloth. You make boats, birds, or flowers just by folding. No glue, tape, or staples are needed!" (12)Mom overheard us. "I know how to make an origami bird and flower," she said. She quickly folded a napkin, then unfolded it to show us how the shapes fit together. (13)Just then, Dad came home from work and showed us how to make a crown and a boat. "Okay," he said, "in 20 minutes your Grandma will walk through that door. Better get these napkins folded once and for all!" (14)We did. We placed a different origami napkin on each plate. Now, the table looked elegant! And just in time. (15)Grandma arrived by taxi and shared hugs all around. She gave us gifts from a bag labelled ORLY AIRPORT – PARIS. Then, as we walked into the dining room, she said, "Oh, my, who fixed these fabulous folded napkins? I've never seen anything so perfect!“ (16)We all smiled . . . happy that Grandma thought Mom's home was perfect, too!
  15. 15. 1.You can draw a conclusion that Marco is younger than the narrator because a. he wants to make the napkins look elegant. b. the narrator and he come home from school together. c. T he narrator teaches him how to set a table and explains what origami is. d. he opens the drawer to get out the napkins. 2.Why might you conclude that Grandma lives in France? a. She came in a taxi. b. She had a bag labelled PARIS. c. She had not visited in six years. d. She liked to hug people. 3.What conclusion can you draw about an everyday meal at Marco's house? a. His dad never cooks. b. The family never has time to eat together. c. His mother is not a very good cook. d. The family uses paper napkins. 4.From the story, what can you conclude about the narrator and Marco? a. They usually don't keep their rooms clean! b. They very seldom go to bed on time! c. Spaghetti is their favourite food. d. They were named after their father's grandparents.
  16. 16. Your Crowning Glory Read the selection, then answer the questions that follow. (1)Human hair may be curly or straight, and either a blondehaired person, red, brown, black, white, or a mixture thereof. But everyone's hair is relatively the same in the way it grows. (2)Hair is a threadlike structure that grows from the skin. Below the scalp, at the bottom of each hair, is a tiny pit called a follicle. It leads down to the hair's root. Cells at the base of the root begin to move up. As they do, they harden and become a strand of hair. (3)The hair on your head grows in stages. Follicles actively produce hair for three to six years, then rest for about three months. There's an average of 100,000 hairs on the human head, and about 10% are resting at any given time. We lose about 70–100 hairs every day from our resting follicles! (4)Sometimes it seems your hair grows fast, but it normally grows less than inch (13 mm) a month. Children's hair grows faster than adults' hair, and everyone's hair grows faster in summer than winter!
  17. 17. 5. You can conclude that about 90% of the follicles on your head a. are resting and not producing hair. b. are too small to hold the root of a hair. c. are producing hair at this time. d. have been closed and can't produce a hair. 6. If it is winter, you can conclude that a. your hair is growing slower than it did last summer. b. your hair is growing faster than it did last summer. c. your hair is growing the same as it did last summer. d. you have fewer follicles than you had last summer 7. What might you logically conclude about the growth of hair in summer? a. More people get their hair cut in hot summer weather. b. Cold weather makes plants and hair grow longer c. Wearing a hat in winter stops hair growth. d. Heat and sweat make hair grow faster
  18. 18. Read the selection and answer the questions. Coffee has been around for over 700 years. It has been used in foods, wines, and medicine. It grows in several places in the world such as India, Africa, United States, Mexico, South America, Central America, and the West Indies. There are over 100 types of coffee; a coffee is usually named for the area in which it is grown. Different areas of the world prefer different types of coffee. Caffeine, which is a stimulant, is found in coffee, and if it is taken out, the coffee is called decaffeinated. Many people all over the world drink coffee. 
  19. 19.  1. You can conclude that a. if a coffee is called Brazilian coffee, it might be grown in Brazil. b. everyone loves to drink coffee. c. South American coffee is the best. d. it is difficult to grow coffee beans.  2. You can conclude that a. you never can take all the caffeine out of a product. b. people should drink decaffeinated coffee because it acts as stimulant. c. coffee was first introduced in the West Indies. d. coffee is usually grown in warm climates.  The Sahara desert is the largest desert in the world and takes up over three million square miles, which is almost the size of the United States. The Sahara desert is found in Africa. The Sahara isn't all just sand. It has almost 100 oases or springs of water. Oil and gas can be found under this vast desert. There are other natural resources such as: copper, iron, ore, and uranium. The desert doesn't get much rain. There aren't any paved roads, but cars can be driven on the desert floor. There are about two million people who live in the large desert.  3. You can conclude that a. it is difficult to travel in the Sahara desert. b. all plants die since there isn't any water. c. people have used all the oil in the desert. d. people like to live in the desert.
  20. 20.  Salmon are born in fresh water but travel to salt water to live their lives and then travel back upstream to where they spawn more salmon before they die. Salmon traveling upstream are very determined to get back to where they were born. They fight against currents, whirlpools, and waterfalls; even though, man has placed some obstacles in the salmon's way by building dams or rivers. Once the salmon reaches its birthplace, it lays eggs. These eggs hatch, and the process begins again.  4. You can conclude that a. salmon is a lazy type of fish. b. when man develops more land, it will be more difficult for the salmon to survive. c. salmon like to stay where they are born. d. salmon bury their eggs underneath rocks.  5. You can conclude that a. salmon are born in saltwater. b. salmon can't survive in fresh water. c. salmon is an expensive fish to eat. d. salmon live for a very long time.
  21. 21.  What sits on every dinner table in the United States? We use it every day on our food but rarely think about it. Salt is an extremely important mineral that our bodies need, but too much salt is not good for us. China and the United States produce the most salt in the world. Salt comes from dried seawater. Indians long ago evaporated seawater and made salt to season their food. Salt is used in many ways. Glass and soap contain salt. It is used to de-ice roads in winter. Also, it is used in medicine, oil refining, sewage treatment, cattle feed, and even to soften hard water. As you can see, salt is a very important mineral.  6. You can conclude that a. the North might use more salt on the roads than the South. b. the human body can live without salt. c. The Indians used salt to preserve their meat. d. salt makes water better tasting.  7. You can conclude that you might find salt in a. tires. b. erasers. c. detergent. d. paper.
  22. 22. William Shakespeare was an actor, poet, and playwright. His plays are timeless because he deals with the motivating forces behind the daily choices that man makes. He expresses himself in a lyrical way. He was born in England in 1564 and died in 1616. He understood man so well that what he had to say years ago still is appropriate about man today. He continues to influence many philosophers and writers.  8. You can conclude a. that Shakespeare couldn't understand the people in his time. b. that people are able to relate to Shakespeare's characters. c. Shakespeare was the most successful as an actor. d. no one reads Shakespeare's plays. 
  23. 23. Carla really wanted a puppy, but her parents didn't care for dogs. Most of her friends had dogs, and she really enjoyed playing with them. Every time she asked her parents, they would say, "They are a lot of responsibility. You have to feed and play with them. Also, when they are puppies, they needed to be trained." Although her parents didn't believe she was mature enough to have a dog, she knew that she take could care of one. Carla knew she wasn't the most responsible person when it came to taking care of her toys, but a puppy would be different. Each day she made a concentrated effort to pick up her toys and help out around the house. She knew her parents were pleased with her new, responsible attitude. She was hoping her hard work would finally pay off. When she came home from school, she heard a whining noise coming from a box with air holes. Could this be what she thought it was?  9. You can conclude that a. Carla started acting more responsible in hopes that her parents would believe she was mature enough to have a dog. b. Carla likes to play with boxes. c. Carla never takes care of her belongings. d. Carla was paid for helping out around the house.  10. You can conclude that a. her parents are going to wait for her birthday to give her a dog. b. Carla decides not to beg her parents anymore for a puppy, and she will be happy just playing with her friends' dogs. c. a puppy was in the box. d. she doesn't know what responsibility is. 
  24. 24.  The koala bear of Australia is a living "Teddy Bear." Its thick coat of gray fur is just as soft as the beloved toy. The koala has a large head, big ears and small, dark eyes that look at you without expression. Its nose, as black as patent leather, seems too big for the rest of his face. The koala is a gentle little animal. It is almost defenceless. Only its colour protects it from enemies. The koala makes no nest. It just sits in the forked branches of a tree. Unlike a bird, it cannot balance itself with its tail -- because it has no tail. It likes gum trees the best because it lives entirely on the leaves of the tree. sometimes the supply of its special diet is used up. The koala, rather than seek food elsewhere, will stay in its own area and starve to death.
  25. 25. 1. When faced with a problem, the koala bear (1 point) A. pretends to be dead. B. uses unusual strength. C. runs as fast as he can. D. shows little action. 2. It can be concluded that (1 point) A. koala bears kill gum trees. B. the koala bear is a lazy animal. C. the koala bear is most afraid of snakes. D. Australia is the home of many unusual animals. 3. The conclusion that the koala bear is afraid of man is (1 point) A. false. B. unproven. C. correct. D. foolish.
  26. 26.  The shelves were piled high with boxes of every size and shape. Each group had a different picture and different bright colours. There were so many people – men and women, mothers with little children, teenagers putting more boxes on the shelves. Some of the people were talking together as they chose the boxes and cans that they wanted. Jeff was having a hard time remembering which one to buy. He knew that Tooli wouldn’t be happy if he brought home the wrong brand! He also knew that Tooli was probably getting very hungry!
  27. 27. 1. Where was Jeff? a. Jeff was at school in his son’s classroom. b. Jeff was at the zoo watching the animals eat their lunch. c. Jeff was buying jewelry. d. Jeff was at the grocery store. Jeff filled up a big bowl with fresh, cold water and set it on the floor. He brought out a big comforter and put it on the floor next to the low window. He opened a package, took out a big bone and placed it on the floor next to the comforter. Then he opened the window so that the gentle breeze could blow into the room. 2. What was Jeff doing? a. He was getting ready for a camping trip. b. He was cleaning out the closet. c. He was getting things ready for his dog. d. He was trying to cool off the room.
  28. 28. Justin grabbed the leash and quickly put it around Tooli’s neck. He stormed out the door with Tooli coming right behind. He said, “Hurry up, Tooli. You’re always so slow.” Justin kept his head down and walked quickly down the road, not speaking to anyone that he saw. 3. What is true about Justin? a. He was very worried that someone might see him. b. He was angry that he had to walk the dog. c. He was feeling sick and wanted to lie down. d. He was very excited and wanted to hurry.
  29. 29.  Mary went downstairs. There was an aroma in the air. The table was set with warm blueberry muffins, freshly squeezed orange juice, and brewed coffee. A note was left on the table. It said, "Dear Mary, Have a great day. Good Luck at your new job. Love, Dan" Next to the note there was a wrapped present with a bow on top. Who is Mary? A: a wife B: a husband C: a baker D: a nice person
  30. 30. What time of day is it? A: morning B: afternoon C: evening Based on the information in the passage, what does aroma probably mean? A: someting pretty B: something nice C: something that smells There was brewed coffee on the table. What does brewed mean? A: old B: made C: plain
  31. 31. What was the purpose of the note? A: to inform B: to entertain C: to congratulate D: to thank Who is Dan? A: her husband B: her boss C: her neighbor Top of Form What is Mary's new job? A: store clerk B: baker C: real estate agent D: not enough information given Bottom of Form