Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Perspectives on teaching, learning and technology

3,811 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Perspectives on teaching, learning and technology

  1. 1. Perspectives on Teaching, Learning and Technology Navigating the mystique of educational paradigms, theories and models
  2. 2. Behaviorism Cognitivism Cognitive Constructivism Socioculturalism Historicism Situativity Postpositivism Idealism Interpretivism Constructivism Ideology Interpretivism Epistemology Skinner Vygotsky Piaget Objectivism Realism Relativism Theory Rationalism Ausubel Critical Theory Paradigm
  3. 3. The Basics <ul><li>Paradigm – a set of concepts, values, and assumptions that directs the thought processes of a community </li></ul><ul><li>Theory – an idea or concept that is proposed based on previous knowledge </li></ul>
  4. 4. Philosophical Perspectives Objectivism Pragmatism Relativism Idealism Empiricism Rationalism Realism
  5. 5. Psychological Perspectives Behaviorism Sociocultural/Historicism Constructivism Situativity Cognitivism
  6. 6. A Focus on Paradigms Objectivism Constructivism Eclecticism
  7. 7. A Focus on Theories Objectivism Behaviorism
  8. 8. A Focus on Theories Behaviorism Operant Conditioning Respondent Learning Observational Learning Behaviorists focus on conditioning behaviors to elicit responses (Orenstein & Hunkins, 2004, p101 ). Skinner
  9. 9. A Focus on Models Respondent Learning Respondent Learning, or classical conditioning, is the idea that a neutral stimulus can elicit a positive response through association with positive reinforcement.
  10. 10. A Focus on Models Operant Conditioning A behavior that is reinforced, becomes more frequent . Skinner
  11. 11. A Focus on Practice Direct Instruction Computer Assisted Instruction Personalized System of Instruction Operant Conditioning Programmed Instruction
  12. 12. A Focus on Paradigms Objectivism Constructivism Eclecticism
  13. 13. A Focus on Theories Objectivism Constructivism Cognitivism
  14. 14. A Focus on Theories Cognitivism Cognitivists focus on organization of human thought and how this organization facilitates learning. Piaget Gestalt Perspective Information Processing Theory Schema Theory
  15. 15. A Focus on Models Piaget Children organize knowledge based on experience through assimilation and accommodation.
  16. 16. A Focus on Models Gestalt Perspective Individuals respond to the organization of multiple stimuli.
  17. 17. A Focus on Models Schema Theory Our long-term memory organizes information in a more abstract manner than our short-term memory.
  18. 18. A Focus on Paradigms Objectivism Constructivism Eclecticism
  19. 19. A Focus on Paradigms Constructivism
  20. 20. A Focus on Theories Constructivism Vygotsky Collaborative Learning Constructivists believe that humans construct new knowledge based on their own experiences. Anchored Instruction Driscoll
  21. 21. A Focus on Practice Anchored Instruction Media can be used to anchor the construction of knowledge by creating a complex learning environment.
  22. 22. A Focus on Models Vygotsky Children make mental connections based on their interactions with adults.
  23. 23. A Focus on Practice Collaborative Learning Collaboration is used in most classrooms today to encourage students to participate in constructive problem-solving, discussions, and inquiry.
  24. 24. A Focus on Paradigms Objectivism Constructivism Eclecticism
  25. 25. A Focus on Paradigms Eclecticism
  26. 26. Behaviorism Cognitivism Historicism Situativity Postpositivism Idealism Interpretivism Constructivism Ideology Interpretivism Epistemology Skinner Vygotsky Piaget Objectivism Realism Relativism Theory Rationalism Ausubel Critical Theory Paradigm Eclecticism

×