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  1. 1. Classism
  2. 2. Class  a large group of people who occupy a similar economic position in the wider society based on income, wealth, property ownership, education, skills, or authority in the economic sphere.
  3. 3. Share of Total Income Received By Top 5% and Bottom 40%
  4. 4. Class Identity  A label for one category of class experience, such as ruling class, owning class, middle class, working class, poor
  5. 5. Classism  The systematic assignment of characteristics of worth and ability based on social class.  differential treatment  systematic oppression of subordinated groups
  6. 6. Internalized Classism  the acceptance and justification of classism by working class and poor people.
  7. 7. Class Privilege  tangible or intangible unearned advantages of "higher" class status
  8. 8. Great Leaps Upward: Percent Chance of Moving From Bottom to Top Income Quarter, 1960s and 1990s
  9. 9. Class Continuum Dominants Ruling Class Owning Class “Have Mores” Mostly Dominants Middle Class “Haves” Mostly Subordinates Subordinates Working Class Poor/ Low- Income “Have Nots” (Class Action: Building Bridges, 2007)
  10. 10. POVERTY MIDDLE CLASS WEALTH EDUCATION Valued and revered as abstract but not as reality Crucial for climbing success ladder and making money Necessary tradition for making and maintaining connections MONEY To be used, spent To be managed To be conserved, invested WORLD VIEW Sees world in terms of local setting Sees world in terms of national setting Sees world in terms of international view DRIVING FORCE Survival, relationships, entertainment Work, achievement Financial, political, social connections FAMILY STRUCTURE Tends to be matriarchal Tends to be patriarchal Depends on who has money POSSESSIONS People Things One-of-a-kind objects, legacies, pedigrees FOOD Key question: Did you have enough? Quantity important Key question: Did you like it? Quality important Key question: Was it presented well? Presentation important LANGUAGE Casual register. Language is about survival. Formal register. Language is about negotiation. Formal register. Language is about networking.
  11. 11.  Family Income 1991 Graduation Rate  Over $75,000 81.9  $50,000-74,999 73.0  $25,000-$49,999 62.1  Under $25,000 52.3  8 year graduation rates among 1992 12th graders with bachelor’s degree goals who attended a 4 year institution.  NCES (2005) First Generation Students in Post Secondary Education. Social Class of Origin and College Graduation Rate
  12. 12. Class Ally  A person from the more privileged classes whose attitudes and behaviors are anti- classist, who is committed to increasing his or her own understanding of the issues related to classism, and is actively working towards eliminating classism on many levels.
  13. 13. Social Class Assumptions  Social class is a collection of subcultures arranged in a hierarchy of prestige.  Social class of origin—where we came from  Current felt social class—what we think of ourselves now  Attributed social class—what others think of us
  14. 14. Social Class Assumptions  Social class contrast  Economic capital  Cultural capital  Social capital  Academic capital Will Barratt, PhD (2006)
  15. 15. For more information on Classism:    Understanding Class Cultures: An Activist Perspective. By Betsy Leondar-Wright, September 2003.  Nickeled and Dimed: On Not Getting By in America. By Barbara Ehrenreight  