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  1. 1. October 21, 2009<br />Ageism<br />
  2. 2. Definition of Ageism<br />Process of systematic stereotyping and discrimination against individuals based on age<br />Robinson (1994)<br />
  3. 3. Negative Ageism<br />What are some examples of positive and negative age stereotypes affecting the elderly?<br />What are some examples of positive and negative age stereotypes affecting young people?<br />
  4. 4. Institutional Ageism<br />Higher federal poverty standards<br />Job training for young workers<br />State welfare funds for children & adolescents<br />Health care system focus on acute care<br />Robinson (1994)<br />
  5. 5. Consequences<br /><ul><li>Elderly are expected to be:
  6. 6. Asexual
  7. 7. Intellectually rigid
  8. 8. Unproductive
  9. 9. Forgetful
  10. 10. Happy
  11. 11. Enjoying retirement
  12. 12. Invisible
  13. 13. Passive
  14. 14. Uncomplaining</li></li></ul><li>Response to Ageism<br />Elderly individuals commonly respond in 4 ways:<br />Acceptance<br />Denial<br />Avoidance<br />Reform<br />
  15. 15. Elder Abuse<br />Between 1 and 3 million Americans aged 65+ have been mistreated by a caregiver<br />1 out of 6 incidents of abuse is reported<br />Only 21 states maintain an elder abuse registry<br />5 million older Americans are victims of financial exploitation each year<br />Ageism in America: The Status Reports (2006)<br />
  16. 16. Ageism in Health Care<br />Lack of preventive care<br />35% of physicians consider an increase in blood pressure to be a normal process of aging; 60% of adults over 65 do not receive recommended preventive health services such as mammograms, vaccines, exam<br />Lack of effective treatment provision<br />Chemotherapy is underused in treating breast cancer patients over 65, even though it can improve survival<br />Lack of adequate health research<br />Older patients are significantly underrepresented in clinical treatment trials; 40% of clinical trials excluded individuals over 75 from participating<br />Lack of training <br />In 2005, Congress eliminated all funding for geriatrics education and training, which had previously been funded at 31.5 million per year.<br />Ageism in America: The Status Reports (2006)<br />
  17. 17. Ageism in Nursing Homes<br />9 out of 10 nursing homes are inadequately staffed<br />Over half of the 17,000 nursing homes in the US fail to meet minimum standards, but only .5% are cited and penalized for patterns of widespread problems that cause harm to residents<br />Ageism in America: The Status Reports (2006)<br />
  18. 18. Ageism in Emergency Services<br />60% of Hurricane Katrina’s victims were over age 60<br />About 80% of the individuals who die of heat-wave related hyperthermia each year are over age 50<br />Ageism in America: The Status Reports (2006)<br />
  19. 19. Ageism in the Workplace<br />2004 EEOC ruling<br />In 2004, the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ruled that employers can deny health benefits to retirees at age 65 without violating age discrimination laws<br />To improve job prospects, 63% of applicants say they would leave dates off their resume to hide their age, and 18% say they would undergo cosmetic surgery<br />Ageism in America: The Status Reports (2006)<br />
  20. 20. Ageism in the Media<br />Less than 2% of prime-time television characters are age 65 or older; this is the case despite the fact that this group comprises 12.7% of the population<br />Ageist Gender Inequality<br />11% of male characters on tv between 50 and 64 are categorized as “old” verses 22% of female characters<br />Only 1/3 of older characters on prime time tv are women<br />Ageism in America: The Status Reports (2006)<br />