Guide to Stocks

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Guide to Stocks

  1. 1. Guide To Stocks
  2. 2. <ul><li>Corporations use stock to raise capital by distributing shares of their company. </li></ul><ul><li>Someone who holds any amount of shares in a particular stock is a stock holder. </li></ul>Stocks
  3. 3. <ul><li>Most commonly held form of stock in a corporation. </li></ul><ul><li>Shareholders of common stock have voting rights in some corporate decisions. </li></ul>Common Stocks
  4. 4. <ul><li>Holders have priority over common stock (distribution of dividends, assets) </li></ul><ul><li>Special voting rights dealing with events such as the issuance of new shares or approving the acquisition of a company. </li></ul><ul><li>Also often have voting rights to elect directors </li></ul>Preferred Stocks
  5. 5. <ul><li>Shares issued for a single company with differing classes to show varied voting rights and dividend payments. </li></ul><ul><li>Each class of shareholders has different rights. </li></ul>Dual Class Stocks
  6. 6. <ul><li>Shares that have been bought back from the public. </li></ul><ul><li>Such stock is considered issued, but not outstanding. </li></ul>Treasury Stocks
  7. 7. <ul><li>A director is an officer of a company in charge of the management of the company’s affairs. </li></ul><ul><li>All of the directors are known as the board of directors. Most companies will appoint a chairman of the board. </li></ul>Board Of Directors
  8. 8. <ul><li>Occurs when a company (or part of a company) is terminated </li></ul><ul><li>Assets and property are redistributed, and preferred stockholders have advantages over common stockholders in this situation. </li></ul>Liquidation
  9. 9. <ul><li>Payments by a company to its shareholders </li></ul><ul><li>Profits can be re-invested in business or paid to shareholders. Publicly-traded companies usually pay dividends on a fixed schedule (bi-annually, quarterly, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>Usually paid in cash or can take the form of shares in other companies or assets. </li></ul>Dividends

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