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Extermination-Death Camps Morgan Guest
Chelmno <ul><li>Established December 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>First mass killings of Jews </li></ul><ul><li>Total estimated ...
Treblinka <ul><li>One of the most unknown death camps </li></ul><ul><li>Victims of camp kept silent of 20-25 years </li></...
Auschwitz-Birkenau <ul><li>Symbol of terror  </li></ul><ul><li>Established 1939 </li></ul><ul><li>Originally a concentrati...
Sobibor <ul><li>Established March 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Started operations in April 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>After revolt, ...
Belzek <ul><li>Established  November 1, 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated deaths were 500,000-600,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Sta...
Majdanek <ul><li>Initially called Concentration Camp at Lublin </li></ul><ul><li>First extermination was of the Russians p...
Reasons for Death <ul><li>Starvation </li></ul><ul><li>Labor that exceeded capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Terror </li></ul><ul...
Sonderkommado <ul><li>Group of Jewish male prisoners who were assigned to get rid of the corpses from the gas chambers </l...
Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.auschwitz.dk/Treblinka.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/H...
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Death Camps

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Death Camps

  1. 1. Extermination-Death Camps Morgan Guest
  2. 2. Chelmno <ul><li>Established December 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>First mass killings of Jews </li></ul><ul><li>Total estimated deaths were 150,000-300,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Every afternoon: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jews were brought by train </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separated in groups of 50 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Told to undress and remove all valuables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taken to the “washroom” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Within 10 min. all were dead </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Treblinka <ul><li>One of the most unknown death camps </li></ul><ul><li>Victims of camp kept silent of 20-25 years </li></ul><ul><li>Opened in 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Killed up to 3000 people in 3 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Today: On info packet </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;In a relatively short time of its existence the camp took a total of over 800,000 victims of Jews from Poland, Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, France, Greece, Jugoslavia, Germany and the Soviet Union.&quot; </li></ul>
  4. 4. Auschwitz-Birkenau <ul><li>Symbol of terror </li></ul><ul><li>Established 1939 </li></ul><ul><li>Originally a concentration camp </li></ul><ul><li>Turned into a dreaded death camp </li></ul><ul><li>More than 40 sub camps were established after </li></ul><ul><li>70-75% of people were immediately put to death </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1940-1945 1,100,000-1,500,000 people were killed mostly by gas chambers </li></ul>
  5. 5. Sobibor <ul><li>Established March 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Started operations in April 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>After revolt, ended operations in October 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>Killed about 250,000 people </li></ul><ul><li>Camp was separated in three parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Administration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barracks and storage for plundered goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extermination, burial, and cremation section </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Belzek <ul><li>Established November 1, 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated deaths were 500,000-600,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Started killings March 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Transports stopped in May so 3 more gas chambers could be built (total was 6) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Majdanek <ul><li>Initially called Concentration Camp at Lublin </li></ul><ul><li>First extermination was of the Russians prisoners of war </li></ul><ul><li>After the Final Solution was decided on, it became a death camp for Jews </li></ul>
  8. 8. Reasons for Death <ul><li>Starvation </li></ul><ul><li>Labor that exceeded capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Terror </li></ul><ul><li>Executions </li></ul><ul><li>Inhuman living conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Disease and epidemics </li></ul><ul><li>Punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Torture </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal medical experiments </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sonderkommado <ul><li>Group of Jewish male prisoners who were assigned to get rid of the corpses from the gas chambers </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs were: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greet the victims and lie about what was going to happen to them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove bodies from chambers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Processed bodies (took valuables, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Throw the extra ashes from the cremation into river </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.auschwitz.dk/Treblinka.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/autoc.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/Belzectoc.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/Chelmnotoc.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/Treblinkatoc.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/Sobibortoc.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/Majdanektoc.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/Sonderkommando.html </li></ul>

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