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Section 3 notes speech and press


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Section 3 notes speech and press

  1. 1. Jumpstart Assignment <ul><li>Describe the cartoon…. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Jumpstart Assignment <ul><li>Describe the political cartoon…. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Today’s Plan <ul><li>Jumpstart Assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Reading Minute </li></ul><ul><li>Notes: Ch. 19, Sec. 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Case Study: 1 st Amendment in School </li></ul>
  4. 4. Speech in Schools <ul><li>The Court has recognized that students do not shed their constitutional rights when they enter school. </li></ul><ul><li>However, the Court has traditionally recognized that the educational mission of the school cannot be disrupted by the exercise of free speech. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tinker v. Des Moines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bethel School District v. Fraser </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hazelwood v. Kuhmeier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Morse v. Frederick </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Freedom of Speech <ul><li>Is hate speech protected? </li></ul><ul><li>Hate Speech : expression of hatred or bias against a person, based on characteristics such as race, religion, sex, itc. </li></ul><ul><li>National Socialist Party v. Skokie (1977) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laws prohibiting hate speech are generally ruled unconstitutional because of vague wording </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Freedom of Speech <ul><li>Symbolic Speech: an action meant to deliver a message </li></ul><ul><li>Some, but not all forms of symbolic speech are protected </li></ul><ul><li>Burning your draft card? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. v. O’Brien (1968) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flag Burning? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Texas v. Johnson (1989) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Freedom of Speech
  8. 8. Freedom of Press/Speech <ul><li>Obscenity: something sexually explicit and highly offensive </li></ul><ul><li>Can local governments block obscene material from their town? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Miller vs. California 1973 – obscenity is not protected by 1 st Amendment </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Freedom of Speech <ul><li>Libel: written statement or visual representation meant to defame or harm another person’s character </li></ul><ul><li>Slander: verbal defamation </li></ul><ul><li>Libel and slander are typically unprotected forms of “speech” </li></ul>
  10. 10. Freedom of Speech and National Security <ul><li>Can someone say or print something that provokes others to rebel against the government? </li></ul><ul><li>Seditious Speech: advocating or urging individuals to overthrow the government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>at times of war, the Supreme Court has been more likely to uphold limits to freedom of speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Schneck v. United States (1919) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Jumpstart Assignment <ul><li>To what extent would you say that your 4 th Amendment rights(no illegal searches and seizures) are protected in school? Explain your answer. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Morse vs. Frederick <ul><li>Does the First Amendment allow public schools to prohibit students from displaying messages, which the school could reasonably interpret as promoting the use of illegal drugs, at school-supervised events? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Freedom of Assembly <ul><li>Time/Place/Manner Restrictions on public property </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local parade permits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can someone demonstrate during school hours? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skokie v. National Socialist Party (1978) – the government cannot prohibit a peaceful assembly simply because of its unpopularity </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Freedom of Assembly and Private Property <ul><li>Private property, including businesses may prohibit most forms of assembly including picketing. </li></ul><ul><li>NAACP v. Alabama (1958) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right of Association is protected in the 1st Amendment </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. 4 th Amendment and Schools <ul><li>“ The right of people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures , shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probably cause , supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.” </li></ul>