Chapter 1 section 1 notes


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Chapter 1 section 1 notes

  1. 1. Today’s PlanToday’s Plan  Jumpstart AssignmentJumpstart Assignment  On a scale of 1 to 10, rank your current interestOn a scale of 1 to 10, rank your current interest in politics. Explain the reasoning for yourin politics. Explain the reasoning for your answer (Write your answer in your notebook).answer (Write your answer in your notebook).  1 = no interest1 = no interest  10 = very interested10 = very interested  Reading MinuteReading Minute  Notes: Chapter 1, Section 1Notes: Chapter 1, Section 1  Ch. 1, Sec. 1 WorksheetCh. 1, Sec. 1 Worksheet
  2. 2. What is Government?What is Government? Chapter 1, Section 1Chapter 1, Section 1
  3. 3. What is Government?What is Government?  An institution through whichAn institution through which societysociety makesmakes andand enforcesenforces itsits public policies.public policies.  Public PolicyPublic Policy- all those things a- all those things a government decides to dogovernment decides to do
  4. 4. 3 Kinds of Gov’t Power3 Kinds of Gov’t Power  Legislative PowerLegislative Power – power to make laws– power to make laws  Executive PowerExecutive Power – power to execute,– power to execute, enforce, and administer lawsenforce, and administer laws  Judicial PowerJudicial Power – power to interpret laws– power to interpret laws  These powers are usually expressed in aThese powers are usually expressed in a constitutionconstitution – the body of fundamental– the body of fundamental laws setting out the principles of a gov’tlaws setting out the principles of a gov’t
  5. 5. What is a state?What is a state? Population A state must have people, the number of which does not directly relate to its existence. Territory A state must be comprised of land—territory with known and recognized boundaries. Sovereignty Every state is sovereign. It has supreme and absolute power within its own territory and decides its own foreign and domestic policies. Government Every state has a government — that is, it is politically organized.
  6. 6. How did the State begin?How did the State begin?  Force TheoryForce Theory – states began by– states began by one group controlling anotherone group controlling another group through forcegroup through force  Evolutionary TheoryEvolutionary Theory – the state– the state developed out of the early familydeveloped out of the early family (one person was the “head” of the(one person was the “head” of the family)family)
  7. 7. How did the State begin?How did the State begin?  Divine Right TheoryDivine Right Theory – power to govern a– power to govern a state comes from God through “royalstate comes from God through “royal birth”birth”  Social Contract TheorySocial Contract Theory – authority to– authority to govern comes from an agreementgovern comes from an agreement between the people and those whobetween the people and those who govern over the peoplegovern over the people  Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes  John LockeJohn Locke
  8. 8. Purpose of GovernmentPurpose of Government  Form a More Perfect UnionForm a More Perfect Union  Establish JusticeEstablish Justice  Ensure Domestic TranquilityEnsure Domestic Tranquility  Provide for the Common DefenseProvide for the Common Defense  Promote the General WelfarePromote the General Welfare  Secure the Blessings of LibertySecure the Blessings of Liberty
  9. 9. The PreambleThe Preamble
  10. 10. The PreambleThe Preamble