Period 3
Jose Morales
Anthony Gomez
 Jurisdiction means the court’s authority to hear a
particular case.
 There are over 3,000 courts that settle more than ...
 Civil law protects rights and property and hold person
responsible for their actions.
 A civil court case is when a per...
 Criminal law is also known as “prohibitive law”.
 A criminal court case is when a person is in court for
breaking a law...
 Preponderance is the practice of weighing evidence
and testimony in a court case.
 In a criminal case the jurors must a...
 Two types of courts are trial court and appellate court.
 A trial court is the actual court in which a verdict is
reach...
 The types of trial-level courts are the municipal courts,
justice courts, county courts, and district courts.
 Municipa...
 County courts have cases that are about personal
injury or tax disputes.
 District courts can also hear criminal or civ...
 Intermediate courts and dual supreme courts are types
of appellate courts.
 Intermediate court of appeal hears case app...
 Decisions from court cases help public policy making.
 The courts can make guidelines for certain acts and
they have th...
 In Texas judges may be elected by city councils or city
officials or by popular election
 Judges need to run in partisa...
 More minorities have been appointed by the governor
to fill judicial spots.
 Missouri Plan stopped the rising cost of c...
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Chapter 9 group presentation

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Chapter 9 group presentation

  1. 1. Period 3 Jose Morales Anthony Gomez
  2. 2.  Jurisdiction means the court’s authority to hear a particular case.  There are over 3,000 courts that settle more than 10 million cases per year in Texas.  Different types of cases can be Civil or Criminal.
  3. 3.  Civil law protects rights and property and hold person responsible for their actions.  A civil court case is when a person sues another person for things such as property damage or violation of their rights.  People involved in a court case are known as the plaintiff (person suing) or the defendant (person being sued).
  4. 4.  Criminal law is also known as “prohibitive law”.  A criminal court case is when a person is in court for breaking a law such as running a red light.  Criminal law reflects societal views which allows it to change in different circumstances.
  5. 5.  Preponderance is the practice of weighing evidence and testimony in a court case.  In a criminal case the jurors must all agree that the defendant is guilty for them to be convicted.  A criminal case has a prosecutor hired by the state but a civil case is between individuals or corporations.  In some cases an act can be both civil and criminal depending on if there is a law saying you cannot harm others.
  6. 6.  Two types of courts are trial court and appellate court.  A trial court is the actual court in which a verdict is reached in order convict a person.  An appellate court is a court that reviews the conclusion of the trial courts and make sure the verdict is correct and just.  The appellate court may rule the case to be upheld, reverse and rendered, or reverse and remand.  Reverse and render is when the case is overturned.  Reverse and remand is when the verdict of the case is wrong but has been chosen to not be overturned.
  7. 7.  The types of trial-level courts are the municipal courts, justice courts, county courts, and district courts.  Municipal court is based on violations of a city ordinance such as curfew violation or noise disturbances.  Justice court is “the people’s courts” and can hear both criminal and civil cases.
  8. 8.  County courts have cases that are about personal injury or tax disputes.  District courts can also hear criminal or civil cases and handles more serious cases.  Cases in the district courts can get billions of dollars depending on the case.
  9. 9.  Intermediate courts and dual supreme courts are types of appellate courts.  Intermediate court of appeal hears case appeals from state’s county and district courts that do not involve cases in which the defendant was sentenced to death.  Dual supreme court is made up of the Texas Supreme Court and the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals. The Texas Supreme Court works with appeals from civil cases and the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals deals with criminal cases.
  10. 10.  Decisions from court cases help public policy making.  The courts can make guidelines for certain acts and they have the same effect as a law.  The guidelines need to help both the majority and the minority when dealing with public opinion
  11. 11.  In Texas judges may be elected by city councils or city officials or by popular election  Judges need to run in partisan elections. This is required in the state of Texas along with several other states.  The reason for having partisan elections is because Texas is traditionalistic and people elected will be more responsive to what the people want.
  12. 12.  More minorities have been appointed by the governor to fill judicial spots.  Missouri Plan stopped the rising cost of campaigning which provided the opportunity for minorities to qualify for representing in courts

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