classification and nomenclature of Milling cutter


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nomenclature of milling cutter, classification of milling cutter, milling machine process, advantage and disadvantage of milling cutter.

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classification and nomenclature of Milling cutter

  2. 2. MILLING CUTTER A milling cutter is a special type of cutting tool which has multiple cutting edges. There are many advantages of milling cutters compared to single point cutting tool. 1) High machining 2) Completes required machining operation in required time.
  4. 4. MILLING CUTTER MATERIALS Cutter Characteristics:- Harder than metal being machined - Strong enough to withstand cutting pressures - Tough to resist shock resulting from contact - Resist heat and abrasion of cutting - Available in various sizes and shapes High-Speed Steel:- Iron with additives - Carbon: hardening agent - Tungsten and Molybdenum: enable steel to retain hardness up to red heat - Chromium: increases toughness and wear resistance - Vanadium: increases tensile strength - Used for most solid milling cutters Cemented-Carbide :- Higher rates of production (3-10 times faster) - Must select proper type of carbide - Straight tungsten carbide: cast iron, plastics - Tantalum carbide: low/medium-carbon steel - Tungsten-titanium carbide: high-carbon steel
  5. 5. MILLING CUTTER ARE OF DIFFERENT TYPES,THEY ARE CLASSIFIED BASED ON VARIOUS FACTORS 1) Based on constructional features of the tooth of milling cutter - Solid teeth milling cutter - Inserted teeth milling cutter - Tipped teeth milling cutter 2) According to the relief characteristics - Profile relieved milling cutter - Form relieved milling cutter 3) Based on methods used for mounting - Arbour type - Facing type - Shank type 4) According to the direction of rotation of cutter - Right hand rotational milling cutter - Left hand rotational milling cutter 5) According to the direction of helix - Parallel or straight teeth milling cutter - Right hand helical milling cutter - Left hand helical milling cutter - Alternate helical milling cutter 6) According to purpose or use of cutter - Standard milling cutter - Special milling cutter
  6. 6. THERE ARE MANY TYPES OF STANDARD MILLING CUTTERS SOME OF THEM ARE:1) Plain milling cutter - Light duty plain milling cutter - Heavy duty plain milling cutter - Helical plain milling cutter 2) Side milling cutter - Plain side milling cutter - Staggered teeth side milling cutter - Half side milling cutter - Interlocking side milling cutter 3) Metal slitting saw - Plain metal slitting saw - Staggered teeth metal slitting saw 4) Angle milling cutter - Single angle milling cutter - Double angle milling cutter 5) End mill - Taper shank end mill - Straight shank end mill - Shell end mill 6) T-slot milling cutter 9) Formed cutter 7) Woodruff key slot milling cutter - Convex milling cutter 8) Fly cutter - Concave milling cutter
  7. 7. PLAIN MILLING CUTTER - Once widely used - Cylinder of high-speed steel with teeth cut on periphery - Used to produce flat surface - Several types - Light-duty - Light-duty helical - Heavy-duty - High-helix SIDE MILLING CUTTER - Comparatively narrow cylindrical milling cutters with teeth on each side and on periphery - Used for cutting slots and for face and straddle milling operations - Free cutting action at high speeds and feeds - Suited for milling deep, narrow slots
  8. 8. FACE MILLING CUTTER • Generally over 6 in. in diameter - Have inserted teeth made of high-speed steel head in place by wedging device • Most cutting action occurs at beveled corners and periphery of cutter • Makes roughing and finishing cuts in one pass END MILLING CUTTER • Face milling cutters under 6 inch • Solid, multiple-tooth cutters with teeth on face and periphery • Held on stub arbor - May be threaded or use key in shank to drive cutter
  9. 9. ANGULAR CUTTERS -Teeth neither parallel nor perpendicular to cutting axis - Used for milling angular surfaces - Grooves, serrations, chamfers and reamer teeth - Divided into two groups - Single-angle milling cutters - Double-angle milling cutters - Single-angle - Teeth on angular surface - May or may not have teeth on flat - 45º or 60º - Double-angle - Two intersecting angular surfaces with cutting teeth on both - Equal angles on both side of line at right angle to axis
  10. 10. FORMED CUTTERS - Incorporate exact shape of part to be produced - Useful for production of small parts - Each tooth identical in shape - Sharpened by grinding tooth face (may have positive, zero or negative rake) - Important to maintain original rake - Difficult to sharpen TYPES OF FORMED CUTTERS Concave Convex Gear Tooth
  11. 11. SCHEMATIC VIEWS OF CONVENTIONAL UP AND DOWN MILLING The basic function of milling machines is to produce flat surfaces in any orientation as well as surfaces of revolution, helical surfaces and contoured surfaces of various configurations. Such functions are accomplished by slowly feeding the work piece into the equispaced multiedge circular cutting tool rotating at moderately high speed as indicated in Fig. Up milling needs stronger holding of the job and down milling needs backlash free screw-nut systems for feeding. Cutting motion Cutting motion
  12. 12. ADVANTAGES OF MILLING CUTTER 1)The inserts rotate as they cut. 2) Faster cutting speeds allow faster feed rates. 3) Rotating inserts last longer 4) Interrupted cuts are no problem 5) Heat in the chip increases with efficiency 6) "Roll-Shearing" Eliminates breakout in cast iron parts. 7) There's less wear and tear on your machinery DISADVANTAGES OF MILLING CUTTER There are also disadvantages by employing a milling cutter. 1) High cost 2) High cutting temperatures are generated 3) High maintenance cost
  13. 13. Thank you