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- 1. The energy requirement for particle size reduction is a function of input and output of particle size, hardness, strength and other properties of solids.
- 2. Various theories for energy requirement are: Rittinger’s theory Kick’s theory Bond’s theory.
- 3.
- 4. Integrating equation (1), E= C ln(di/dn) …. (2) (di/dn) = reduction ratio. If n=1.0 equation (2) becomes Kick’s theory. If n=1.5 equation (2) becomes Bond’s theory. If n=2.0 equation (2) becomes Rittinger’s theory.
- 5. According to this theory energy E required for size reduction of unit mass is directly proportional to the new surface area produced. E=KR (Sn – Si) Where Si = initial surface area Sn = new specific surface area KR = Rittinger’s constant. E= amount of energy. …. (3)
- 6. Applications: Applicable to brittle materials undergoing fine milling. This theory ignore deformation before fracture.
- 7.
- 8. Bond’s work index is the work required to reduce unit weight from a theoretical infinite size to 80% passing 100µm. This theory is useful for rough mill sizing. The work index is useful for comparing efficiency of milling operations.
- 9.
- 10. For compression of large particles kick’s theory is useful.
- 11. Rittinger’s theory:- (n=2.0) Energy α new surface area formed. Bond’s theory:- (n=1.5) Energy used in crack propagation α Crack length produced. Kick’s theory:- (n=1.0) Energy α Ratio of change in size.

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