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The energy requirement for particle size
reduction is a function of input and output of
particle size, hardness, strength ...
Various theories for energy requirement are: Rittinger’s theory
 Kick’s theory
 Bond’s theory.



Integrating equation (1),
E= C ln(di/dn)

….

(2)

(di/dn) = reduction ratio.
If n=1.0 equation (2) becomes Kick’s theo...
According to this theory energy E required for size
reduction of unit mass is directly proportional to
the new surface are...
Applications: Applicable to brittle materials undergoing
fine milling.
 This theory ignore deformation before
fracture.






Bond’s work index is the work required to
reduce unit weight from a theoretical infinite
size to 80% passing 100µm...



For compression of large particles kick’s
theory is useful.


Rittinger’s theory:- (n=2.0)
Energy α new surface area formed.

Bond’s theory:- (n=1.5)
Energy used in crack propagatio...
Size reduction theories
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Size reduction theories

  1. 1. The energy requirement for particle size reduction is a function of input and output of particle size, hardness, strength and other properties of solids.
  2. 2. Various theories for energy requirement are: Rittinger’s theory  Kick’s theory  Bond’s theory.
  3. 3.
  4. 4.  Integrating equation (1), E= C ln(di/dn) …. (2) (di/dn) = reduction ratio. If n=1.0 equation (2) becomes Kick’s theory. If n=1.5 equation (2) becomes Bond’s theory. If n=2.0 equation (2) becomes Rittinger’s theory.
  5. 5. According to this theory energy E required for size reduction of unit mass is directly proportional to the new surface area produced. E=KR (Sn – Si) Where Si = initial surface area Sn = new specific surface area KR = Rittinger’s constant. E= amount of energy. …. (3)
  6. 6. Applications: Applicable to brittle materials undergoing fine milling.  This theory ignore deformation before fracture.
  7. 7.
  8. 8.    Bond’s work index is the work required to reduce unit weight from a theoretical infinite size to 80% passing 100µm. This theory is useful for rough mill sizing. The work index is useful for comparing efficiency of milling operations.
  9. 9.
  10. 10.  For compression of large particles kick’s theory is useful.
  11. 11.  Rittinger’s theory:- (n=2.0) Energy α new surface area formed. Bond’s theory:- (n=1.5) Energy used in crack propagation α Crack length produced.   Kick’s theory:- (n=1.0) Energy α Ratio of change in size.
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