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A
SOCIAL RELEVANCE PROJECT
ON
A STUDY REPORT ON KALARAMBHA FOUNDATION
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT FOR THE AWARDOF THE DEGREE OF
MASTER OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES(MMS)
(UNDER UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI)
SUBMITTED BY:
AAKASH HODAGE
MMS FINANCE
ROLL NO: 181001
UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF
PROF. CHRISTINA SHIJU
BATCH : 2018-2020
PILLAI INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES AND RESEARCH
NEW PANVEL, NAVI MUMBAI – 410206
CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that project titled “Social Relevance Project done at Kalarambha
Foundation” is successfully completed by Mr Aakash Hodage during the IV Semester, in
partial fulfilment of the Master's Degree in Management Studies recognized by the University
of Mumbai for the academic year 2016-2018 through Pillai Institute of Management Studies
and Research, New Panvel. This project work is original and not submitted earlier for the
award of any degree / diploma or associate ship of any other University / Institution.
Name: PROF. CHRISTINA SHIJU
Date: (Signature of the guide)
DECLARATION
I hereby declare that this Project Report submitted by me to the Pillai Institute of Management
Studies & Research is a bonafied work undertaken by me and it is not submitted to any other
University or Institution for the award of any degree diploma/ certificate or published any time
before.
Name : AAKASH A. HODAGE
Roll No. : 181001 Signature of the student
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Nothing could be accomplished alone. I would like to express my deep sense gratitude to all
contributors who helped me directly and indirectly.
First, I would like to thank my college, Pillai’s Institute of Management Studies and
Research, for giving me an opportunity to prepare this project as a part of the MMS program
of Mumbai University.
I would like to express my special thanks of gratitude to my respected faculty guide, PROF.
CHRISTINA SHIJU who supervised me to complete the report.
Last but not the least, a big thank you to my parents and colleagues, without whose support
and encouragement this project would have never been completed.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Kalarambha Foundation offers opportunity to young adults to contribute their time to a larger
movement of serving humanity. The social issue undertaken for this project is the educate
children in underprivileged area initiative undertaken at Mahaphe and Shilphata. It was a one-
Month activity.
Some of the other activities by Kalarambha Foundation are as follows:
1. Funds collection for sanitary napkins
2. Distribution of kinds - toys, clothes
3. Distribution of food etc.
We had a lot of learning during the project, faced certain challenges during certain activities.
Kalarambha Foundation had created success stories during various activities. We experienced
the power of youth and the changes that took places.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Sr. No Particulars Page No.
1 CHAPTER NO. 1
Sector Analysis
1.1 Non-Governmental Organisation (Ngo) 1
1.2 Mission And Vision Of Ngo 2
1.3 Role Of Ngo 3
1.4 Advantages And Disadvantages Of Ngo 4
1.5 Types Of Ngo 5-6
1.6 Functions Of Ngo In India 7
1.7 Objectives Of Ngo 7
2 CHAPTER NO. 2
Company Analysis
2.1 Introduction of Kalarambh Foundation 8
2.2 Vision, Mission And Objective 9-10
2.3 Details Of The Ngo 11
2.4 Activities Performed By Kalarambh Foundation 12-13
2.5 Challenges Faced By Kalarambha Foundtion 14-16
2.6 Ways To Overcome The Challenges 17
2.7 Introduction Of The Project 18
3 CHAPTER NO. 3
3.1 Objectives & Limitations Of The Study 19
3.2 Project Done At Kalarambha Foundation 20
3.3 Results & Discussion 21
3.4 Suggestions, Recommendations & Conclusion 22
3.5 Refrences 23
1
CHAPTER NO. 1
SECTOR ANALYSIS:
NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATION (NGO)
Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) or Non-Profit Organisation (NPO) is a group,
organisation, non profit establishment or non-profit entrepreneurship of individuals, activists,
voluntary and social persons. NGO is a social voluntary organisation of social activist, group
of persons, community, and civilians who are working or associated for social welfare and
social development. NGO is recognised in its registered form and can get all kind of support
including financial support when it is registered at Government registering authorities. NGO
can run, managed and operated by the members and other persons who associated with it and
work for social and ethical objectives.
NGO works for the betterment and upliftment of socio-economically and politically weaker
section of community to bring them in the main stream of society and move the society towards
more improved and developed way of living and existence. As the community group and
organisation NGO provides and fulfils certain services, development-oriented tasks and works
with aims and objectives to bring about required positive changes in society, community, areas
and situations.
NGO is managed by the resources, funds and other kind of desirable support of Government,
funding agencies, support agencies, support communities, with support and help of business
groups and people. NGO can get help to run in a variety of sources, including the fees of
members, private donations, grants, sales of goods and services. NGO as a charitable and
religious associations manages private funds for development, distribution of food, clothes,
medicines, equipment, facilities and tools to needy persons and communities. NGO as non-
profit making organisation in nature dose not work for trade or business purpose but profits by
sales of goods and services may be used for the aims and objectives. NGO is non profit-making
organisation, works for no profit and no gain so it is also known and identified as Non-Profit
Organisation (NPO).
The term ‘NGO’ stands for the ‘Non-Governmental Organization’ that refers to a structure that
works to fill the gaps in the functions of the Government; for the welfare of the people of the
society and the nation. However, Government tries its best to fulfill its different roles such as;
policy development, regulation, facilitation, management and internal sustainability but still
2
there always remain scopes for some loopholes and vulnerabilities to take place in the process
of advancement. This process of improvement is not only limited to the economic growth and
prosperity among the people but it also implies the growth and inclusion of few other significant
factors, which not only facilitate the development, but also help in manifesting a sustainable
growth of the nation, such factors include; social growth, social justice, awareness,
empowerment of the citizens, equality, preservation of human rights, uplifting the
underprivileged and disadvantaged sectors of the society, promotion of education, women
welfare, health sector and promoting humanitarian causes among the citizens of the society.
The non-governmental organizations play a very vital role in actualizing the process of
advancement of the country by becoming an operational adherent of the civil society. However,
there is no such standard definition that can define such organizations, but still it could be best
defined as a setup that is working for the civil society with the “not-for-profit” approach. This
not-for-profit idea is the prime agenda of these institutions with which they become functional
for the society and its people, there are approximately 3.3 million NGOs existing today in India
with having significant objectives of community development, community welfare, relief,
disaster management and rehabilitation, development in education, health sector, women
empowerment, promoting voluntary work spirit, sustaining the system and governance and
uplifting the deprived sections of the civil society.
MISSION AND VISION OF NGO:
NGO’s in India is committed to social justice, sustainable development and human rights. The
right to communicate freely is basic human right and a necessity for sustainable development.
Access to information is essential to informed decision-making at all levels. NGO’s in India is
committed to the dissemination of information and promotion of sustainable development
initiatives, in response to the needs of under represented and marginalized sectors of society
.For bridging the data gap and improving information availability NGO network is committed
to develop and establish an ideal medium for the Participation and exchange of a trusted and
accurate source of quality information.
3
ROLE OF NGO:
Among the wide variety of roles that NGOs play, the following six can be identified as
important, at the risk of generalization:
1) Development and Operation of Infrastructure:
Community-based organizations and cooperatives can acquire, subdivide and develop
land, construct housing, provide infrastructure and operate and maintain infrastructure
such as wells or public toilets and solid waste collection services. They can also develop
building material supply centres and other community-based economic enterprises. In
many cases, they will need technical assistance or advice from governmental agencies
or higher-level NGOs.
2) Supporting Innovation, Demonstration and Pilot Projects:
NGO have the advantage of selecting particular places for innovative projects and
specify in advance the length of time which they will be supporting the project -
overcoming some of the shortcomings that governments face in this respect. NGOs can
also be pilots for larger government projects by virtue of their ability to act more quickly
than the government bureaucracy.
3) Facilitating Communication:
NGOs use interpersonal methods of communication, and study the right entry points
whereby they gain the trust of the community they seek to benefit. They would also
have a good idea of the feasibility of the projects they take up. The significance of this
role to the government is that NGOs can communicate to the policy-making levels of
government, information bout the lives, capabilities, attitudes and cultural
characteristics of people at the local level.
NGOs can facilitate communication upward from people tot he government and
downward from the government tot he people. Communication upward involves
informing government about what local people are thinking, doing and feeling while
communication downward involves informing local people about what the government
is planning and doing. NGOs are also in a unique position to share information
horizontally, networking between other organizations doing similar work.
4) Technical Assistance and Training:
Training institutions and NGOs can develop a technical assistance and training capacity
and use this to assist both CBOs and governments.
5) Research, Monitoring and Evaluation:
4
Innovative activities need to be carefully documented and shared - effective
participatory monitoring would permit the sharing of results with the people themselves
as well as with the project staff.
6) Advocacy for and with the Poor:
In some cases, NGOs become spokespersons or ombudsmen for the poor and attempt
to influence government policies and programmes on their behalf. This may be done
through a variety of means ranging from demonstration and pilot projects to
participation in public forums and the formulation of government policy and plans, to
publicizing research results and case studies of the poor. Thus NGOs play roles from
advocates for the poor to implementers of government programmes; from agitators and
critics to partners and advisors; from sponsors of pilot projects to mediators.
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF NGO:
Among the key advantages that NGOs offer are the fact that they engender more trust in local
populations if they are small and intimately involved in day-to-day affairs than the intervention
of foreign governments and multi-national corporations does. They also can have more of a
grass roots focus that builds sustainability from the ground up if they are managed and
administered properly.
Key to their effectiveness is the ability to represent civil society organizations that can operate
without larger racial or ethnic agendas. NGOs that have grand visions of change often set a
meddling tone at the local level by promoting their religious and political agendas, but
distinguishing which organizations are welcomed and which are frowned upon must be done
on a unique case-by-case basis.
Here are some pros of The NGO:
 They work for the poor people for their development, due to this country grow in a
positive direction.
 NGO utilizes donated money in the development of society.
 There are tons of example in the world, due to NGOs, so many people became
successful.
 NGO help rural women learn easily employable skills
 NGO grants a financially independent status to rural women
 NGO help women protect themselves from domestic violence
5
 NGO help women attain the independent stance and say in the household by means
of financial independence
 NGO gives children a conducive and progressive environment for their development
Here are some cons of The NGO:
 There are so many NGO which are taking most of sharing 100 % of the donation.
 Some NGOs are doing fraud advertisement for the donation.
 NGOs interfere in government issues
TYPES OF NGO:
NGO types can be understood by their orientation and level of operation.
NGO types by orientation:
 Charitable Orientation often involves a top-down paternalistic effort with little
participation by the "beneficiaries". It includes NGOs with activities directed
toward meeting the needs of the poor -distribution of food, clothing or medicine;
provision of housing, transport, schools etc. Such NGOs may also undertake
relief activities during a natural or man-made disaster.
 Service Orientation includes NGOs with activities such as the provision of
health, family planning or education services in which the programme is
designed by the NGO and people are expected to participate in its
implementation and in receiving the service.
 Participatory Orientation is characterized by self-help projects where local
people are involved particularly in the implementation of a project by
contributing cash, tools, land, materials, labour etc. In the classical community
development project, participation begins with the need definition and continues
into the planning and implementation stages. Cooperatives often have a
participatory orientation.
 Empowering Orientation is where the aim is to help poor people develop a
clearer understanding of the social, political and economic factors affecting their
lives, and to strengthen their awareness of their own potential power to control
their lives. Sometimes, these groups develop spontaneously aroud a problem or
an issue, at other times outside workers from NGOs play a facilitating role in
their development. In any case, there is maximum involvement of the people
with NGOs acting as facilitators.
6
NGO Types by level of operation:
 Community-based Organizations (CBOs) arise out of people's own
initiatives. These can include sports clubs, women's organizations,
neighbourhood organizations, religious or educational organizations. There are
a large variety of these, some supported by NGOs, national or international
NGOs, or bilateral or international agencies, and others independent of outside
help. Some are devoted to rising the consciousness of the urban poor or helping
them to understand their rights in gaining access to needed services while others
are involved in providing such services.
 Citywide Organizations include organizations such as the Rotary or lion's
Club, chambers of commerce and industry , coalitions of business, ethnic or
educational groups and associations of community organizations. Some exist for
other purposes, and become involved in helping the poor as one of many
activities, while others are created for the specific purpose of helping the poor.
 National NGOs include organizations such as the Red Cross, YMCAs/YWCAs,
professional organizations etc. Some of these have state and cuty branches and
assist local NGOs.
 International NGOs range from secular gencies such as Redda Barna and Save
the Children organizations, OXFAM, CARE, Ford and Rockefeller Foundations
to religiously motivated groups. Their activities vary from mainly funding local
NGOs, institutions and projects, to implementing the projects themselves.
7
FUNCTIONS OF NGO IN INDIA
India has made rapid progress in the socio-economic sphere in the last seven decades. Millions
have been brought out of poverty, life expectancy has shot up, literacy rate has almost tripled
and people have better access to healthcare services. However, given the vastness of India, both
in terms of demography and area, and its socio-cultural diversity, millions are still bereft of a
decent life. Even today, numerous people struggle to get basics such as health, shelter, education
and nutritious food. The benefits of India’s economic progress have not been uniform in nature.
There is rampant economic inequality. This is where NGOs come into the picture. Their job is
to plug the gaps left by the government by improving the lives of the most marginalised
communities.
In India, NGOs undertake a variety of activities, most of which are aimed at improving the
socio-economic status of communities with limited means. From providing direct benefit (like
distributing nutrition feed to malnourished children) to enabling and empowering people (like
making a community realise the importance of sending their children to school), the work of
NGOs has a far-reaching impact in helping underprivileged and deprived people march ahead
in life.
OBJECTIVES OF NGO:
 To work for the social development of underprivileged individuals, groups and
communities.
 To encourage healthcare development and health promotion.
 To assist in the process of social integration and personal realisation of
underprivileged children, young people, adults and families.
 To endorse the human rights and in particular the rights of the children and young
people as well as the rights of underprivileged groups and communities.
 To educate the people for adoption of the good norms of a good citizenship and to
inculcate into the people's mind, ideals of national unity.
 To work for uplifting the status of women in the society. To work against female
circumcision and to fight against the victimization of girl /women by anybody in the
society on female circumcision or any other related issues.
 To help and generate training programme for self-employment of women and
educated unemployed people and to work for adult education.
8
CHAPTER NO. 2
COMPANY ANALYSIS:
INTRODUCTION TO KALARAMBH FOUNDATION
Initially the NGO started with the four people and now there are so many are parts of the
Kalarambh foundation. The children are from various religion of them have no parents, no
mother, no father are stay at Hermitage and Kalarambh foundation visit to different Hermitage
and attempt function for increase the confidence among children. Till now NGO have
completed three years and till today there are total more than 50 members. The children in
Hermitage are of age group between 5 to 14. Some children there are having their parents but
they are not in better financial condition and they are not in condition to provide them with
proper food and education facilities so they have sent them in hermitage.
In various hermitage there age group in between 5 to 14 years of old. The food grains and
vegetables are the basic requirement of the Kalarambh foundation they provide to the different
hermitage. Even the snacks includes such as biscuits, maggi, chocolate, and various fruits such
as apple, banana, watermelon, etc. the children are also given dry fruits such as cashew, almond,
dates. As about the food habits of children proper breakfast, lunch and dinner. The main
concentration is on the good breakfast so all whole day they feel healthy there is no at total
wastage of food in NGO, which is most good quality of the children over there. The storage of
food grain is in good condition and on very Sunday the care taker cleans the food grains. Even
the snack is also provided to children in evening such as pooha, rava shira, various fruits and
also sometime biscuits. But the intake of fast food is very less for children. The children also
eat Non veg as Chicken, Fish and Egg. Even the children are of various religions as Hindu
(Maratha), Muslim. The management of whole day is taken care by care taker as making food,
cleaning clothes, cleaning room. The requirements of children are always fulfilled.
9
VISION AND MISSION
VISION
Kalarambha Foundation’s vision is “to develop the nation by providing education to next
generation and to provide empowerment to women.
MISSION
Kalarambha Foundation’s mission is to “to work for the development and empowerment of
socio-economically disadvantaged and vulnerable children and their family in India and assist
them in addressing their poverty-linked issues through educating them”
OBJECT OF KALARAMBHA FOUNDATION
1. To create unity, brotherhood amongst the general public
2. To promote welfare, social, culture, chartable, health, education, humanitarian and relief
activities that will protect, safeguard, improve the quality of poor’s and raise the standard
of human life, irrespective of caste, colour, sex or religion.
3. To carry out any activities with the intention of help and collaborate in establishing and
running medical centres ,old age homes ,ashrams, rehabilitation, institution for the
destitute, vocational training centres for the handicapped, poor’s and needy.
4. To establish and develop institutions for the physically handicapped and disabled or
mentally reared person and to provide them education, food, clothing , etc. to establish,
run, support, maintain and manage hospital, diagnostic, centre, pathology, ultrasound, x-
ray and dispensaries for Poor's.
5. To give scholarship, free ships and educational help such as a school uniforms, school
books, notebook and stationary to the needy and deserving student without making
distinction of caste and Creed to Poor's.
6. To provide free medical camp such as a blood donation camp heart check-up eye check-
up and complete body check-up etc. for Poor's in urban and rural area to give free
10
medicine, injection and other medical help to cancer patients, Aid a patient and to patient
etc to provide free ambulance service to the poor and deserving people to provide relief
to the people who are affected by natural calamities.
7. To implement the scheme of government, semi government municipal corporation about
self-employment to the needy to establish vocational training programs for the needy and
Poor's.
8. To create various activities to improve the people standard of living related to their basic
needs social problems and encourage social, economic, culture, educational, physical,
intellectual activities, organize sports camps, competition training classes, to increase
interest in various national/international sport's among youth make available the sports
elements to the sportsman/sportswomen and organize various competition and distribute
prizes .
9. To try to keep area clean to keep a balance in environment and adopt the gardens and
plantation for plantations and equilibrium of environment the areas wherever it is possible
to acquire cultivated or non-cultivated lands from owner or government in order to make
it Green zone or any other environment free projects for the preservation and equilibrium
of the environment.
10. To provide ancillary chartable service to the general public and needy irrespective of
caste, Creed, race, colure, sex or religion help to Farmers to promote their agriculture
activity training to their agriculture growth.
11. To promote environment awareness and safeguard the global environment and to that end
carry on such activities as may be necessary.
12. To establish temporary/ permanent and/ or mobile centre of education in the field of
literacy, self-awareness development, self-employment, conservation of natural resources,
optimum, utilization of water a forestation and environment to appointment sub
committees to plan and implement programs beneficial to a particular weaker section of
the society like women' , children, unemployed youths aged and physically challenged
person.
11
DETAILS OF THE NGO:
KEY PEOPLE OF NGO
Akshay Ravikant Chavan:
Mr. Akshay Ravikant Chavan Managing Trustees of Kalarambh Foundation. He is Student and
youtuber.
Pooja Bapu Patil:
Ms Patil serves on the board of trustees for KALARAMBH. She is a dedicated social worker
and regularly raises funds for our activities.
Rasika Anant Jadhav:
She is a landscape designer. She is also A trustee.
Sourabh Subhash Kadam
Shivam Sheshrao Ambildhage
Urban Centers in Mumbai
 Prabhadevi
 Turbhe Naka
 Turbhe Stores
 Pawne
 Turbhe NMMC
 Rabale
 Mahaphe
 Shilphata
12
ACTIVITIES PERFORMED BY KALARAMBH FOUNDATION
i. Providing care facility
Kalarambh foundation provides a care facility to the children who are in different ashram.
This care facility is for one day in one year. The children are given the basis of education
like learning the alphabet, numbers, rhymes etc. For older children, classes are held to
bring them to the level of a regular school going child of their age so that they would not
feel at loss on entering school.
ii. Formal Education
One of the main focuses of the project is to bring the children out of this gain situation
through education. There are so many ashram are also main focuses on the importance of
the education and the immense possibilities that it provides. Since most of the children
below the age of 14 admitted to the ashram are illiterate they are trained in basic reading,
writing and arithmetic skills. This also generates in them an interest towards education.
iii. Health and Hygiene
Living and working in a high risk environment, the rag pickers are prone to severe health
and hygiene. Weekly medical camps are also held focusing on a particular group (children,
women etc) or on a particular issue (eye, dental, TB, Hepatitis, and Cancer etc.). The
foundation goes to the different ashram and also visits to the poor area and help to the
children’s. In addition to milk and biscuits in the morning and evening, they are provided
wholesome lunch at noon. Supplementary nutrition is also provided to expectant mothers
as well as to those who have delivered and their babies.
iv. Girl and women Empowerment
The foundation visits different areas and also focuses on the education of the girl child;
programs are conducted to empower the girls in different ashram and rural areas. Various
do it yourself activities are arranged to enable them to be more self-efficient and to boost
confidence. Personality development sessions help them to identity and improve their
talents and increase their self-worth. Self-defence classes are organised for them where
they are trained to react proactively in a threatening situation.
13
v. Livelihood training
A variety of courses are held to engage the community in alternate livelihood programs.
Various skill development programs are conducted in tandem with vocational courses.
Soft toy making, paper bag making, and books binding also drawing this kind of
knowledge provided by foundation. In various Ashram there are children whose age in
between 5 to 12 years so it important provide them proper education and different skill
they have to develop and Kalarambh foundation organize the different functions.
vi. Programs for Children
The Kalarambh foundation organizes different programs for the children in different
ashram. The volunteer of the foundation mostly focuses on the children develop the
confidence to rise up, talk and come up with different arts like painting and dancing.
vii. Physical Education
Children of the Ashram are provided with medical facilities in addition to this they are
taught how to cope with simple ailments. They are also educated on personal hygiene and
etiquette that is reflected in their everyday living.
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CHALLENGES FACED BY KALARAMBHA FOUNDTION
As the NGO Kalarambh foundation is situated in Churchgate, Mumbai. Basically the NGO is
facing the problem of funding. It is not Government aided its Private NGO so all the
management or working of NGO depends upon the Donations what the get. Even the NGO is
in row house type so the Rent is also very high. Some of basic challenges faced by NGO are as
follows:
1. Difficulties to get funds: The Kalarambh foundation has experienced difficulties in
getting enough, and continuous funding in order to do their work. Getting donors is a
hard task, and sometimes dealing with some specific donor’s funding conditions can
be an enormous challenge for NGO’s. Additionally, most of the non-governmental
organizations have a high level of dependency of donors’ funds that makes them even
more susceptible to donors’ behaviour.
2. Lack of proper networking: For Kalarambh foundation is difficult to network. Having
poor network with pairs can lead to lack of communication, if non-governmental
organizations do not disclose what they are doing for a certain community, efforts could
be duplicated, conflicts about the ways a certain problem should be faced in a region
could arise, and they could be missing the opportunity to learn best practices.
3. Lack of governance: Kalarambh foundation does not have a Board. One of the main
reasons for that is the difficulty to attract board members without paying them or
providing them some benefits. Having a Board is one of the best ways to achieve good
levels of governance, nevertheless, there is a significant number of NGOs that does not
have a good understanding of governance, and does not think governance is relevant
for their organizations. Additionally, some non-governmental organizations
mismanage their funds because they spend the money according to the NGOs’ owner
directions, without adequate levels of accountancy and analysis.
4. Lack of Long-Term Strategic Planning:
NGO appears to be incapable of predicting what they will do even in one or two months.
Most of their activities look like one time shots. However, a single event is not enough
to change the attitude towards some problem. In part, it happens because the activists
are trying to diversify their activities, organize events of different kinds and in different
15
areas so that they do not let themselves drown in monotony. Yet, this only blurs the
public role of an NGO. Obviously, civic activists should start learning how to do a
long-term planning and develop their strategy.
5. Lack of Commitment
There is a lack of commitment because they often disappear because their members
were not persistent enough in what they were doing or they got dragged into another
field of work. Such “movements” are not something unusual. Indeed, the experience of
working in NGOs can be a good start for your future carrier. The conclusion is obvious.
NGOs should always keep in mind staff turnover and ensure that they should not get
held “hostage” by any single person.
6. Lack of Feedback and Social Support Suppresses Enthusiasm
Our society is only slightly involved in community life. There is a lot of heterogeneity
in why people get engaged in NGOs. However, whatever their motivation is, when
people cannot get that sense of belonging to their community and do not have their
contribution appreciated, soon they give up and quit NGOs. It is very sad to know that
many of these people are not even supported by their families. The problem is not so
much in negligence of authorities. The real issue is the indifference of majority of
population. Everyone talks about the necessity to control authorities, but nobody is
eager to spend their own time and money to take care of it.
7. Inadequate Trained Personnel:
It is believed that the personnel working in NGOs may be of personnel working in such
organizations is a sense of dedication and commitment and interest in the social services.
NGOs earlier were assumed to be served by unpaid social workers imbued with the
spirit of service and did not require any special education or training. But the present
trends that are having professional education are not interested to work with NGOs.
Their vision has been changed and is interested to work in urban areas only. Therefore,
it is very difficult to get trained persons who are either willing or trained to work in the
rural society where most of NGOs work. Moreover, these professionally trained persons
have high expectations in terms of salaries, status, opportunities for their growth in the
career of their choice. Moreover, most of NGOs due to lack of funds cannot able to
spent some more funds for giving training to the personnel employed in the organization
16
.Some of NGOs are in fear of personnel who may shift to another big NGO after taking
training from it.
8. Monopolization of leadership:
It has been observed that there is a growing tendency towards monopolization and
interlocking of leadership at the top level of voluntary action groups and organizations
as is reflected in the same person being the president in one organization, secretary in
the other, treasurer in the third and a member of the executive in the fourth. This
interlocking of leadership can be advantageous in formulating, coordinated policies,
programmes and activities, facilitating exchange of technical know-how and experience
and mobilizing people for a common goal. But the greatest disadvantage of such
leadership is that fresh blood is not allowed to flow into the organization and leadership.
9. Lack of Volunteerism/Social work among Youth:
The basic characteristic of NGO is volunteerism. In early days, youth are making their
career in volunteerism but that enthusiasm seems to have faded these days. The extent
of volunteerism is declining day by day and turning it into professionalization. Even the
young graduates from social work are interested in making their career in
professionalism. This leads to lack of efficient volunteers in NGOs.
17
WAYS TO OVERCOME THE CHALLENGES
1. Many NGO uses the different skills and techniques for raising the fund and one of
important method is commercial profession of marketing.
2. There are lot of events going on all year round related to non-profit sector, civil
society and CSR. Participation in these events can be very fruitful for networking,
building connections, and potential partnerships in future.
3. To involve and improve women’s participation and leadership in governance structures,
which is shown to lower corruption, improve policy outcomes, and increase attention to
urgent social issues. Technology should be used to bring greater efficiency to
government systems, processes and interactions.
4. An effective strategic plan helps in building up the main initiative behind a NGO. It
clearly states the mission and vision of the organization and gives an overall direction
to its way-forward. Best decisions are taken when NGOs have a strategic plan in hand.
At any given instance, members can refer to the vision and define its further course of
action. Therefore, a complete plan acts as a useful guide all throughout the
organizational journey. Through a strategy plan, NGOs can have good idea and
understanding about its strengths and capacities, weaknesses and problems as well as
resources. A SWOT (strength, weakness, opportunity, threats) analysis shall enable the
organization to analyse their strengths and build upon opportunity. In this process, they
can also determine their core competency.
5. Without public support, NGOs gradually lose their enthusiasm. Therefore it is important
to require public support.
6. NGOs often become a political platform that makes public doubt about their real
purpose.
7. Members of NGO should be professionals in the area they work. It is important to
provide the training to the personnel.
8. Lifelong learning should be a personal motto of each activists of NGO.
18
INTRODUCTION OF THE PROJECT
Improving child welfare is the motivation for many social work students that enter this dynamic
field. Social workers have multi-faceted responsibilities, and the opportunities available for
social workers are plentiful. It is important to understand low working within the community
and building bridges among various organizations can improve society.
NGO activities include, but are not limited to, environmental, social, advocacy and human
rights work. They can work to promote social or political change on a broad scale or very
locally. NGOs play a critical part in developing society, improving communities, and promoting
citizen participation.
The research is based on to analyse the challenges and different activities performed by the
kalarambh foundation. Also provides better solution for the Kalarambh foundation. The
challenges includes the sufficient funding for program, Lack of proper networking, Lack of
governance, Lack of Long-Term Strategic Planning, Lack of Commitment, Lack of Feedback
and Social Support Suppresses Enthusiasm, Inadequate Trained Personnel these are all the
points are elaborated in this report and also come up with the different solution.
19
CHAPTER NO. 3
RESEARCH METHDOLOGY
OBJECTIVES:
1. To study about the Non-Government Organization (NGO) Sector.
2. To study about the Kalarambha Foundation, various activities carried out, challenges
faced and how they were overcome.
LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
In completing this project, every effort has been made to keep the errors out, yet there are
limitations of the study. A few of the limitations may be cited as under:
1. The study is based upon primary data and as well as secondary data therefore the
inferences may have been affected by the opinions of the various contributors.
2. The lack of time to carry out a survey.
3. Limited area covers for a survey.
20
PROJECT DONE AT KALARAMBHA FOUNDATION
The Kalarambh foundation and team organize the function at Adhar adivasi seva ashram at shil
phata and I am volunteer of that function. The function regarding various types of arts presented
by children, so it is important to provide training to them. This event includes T shirt painting,
handmade arts, handicraft skill, dance and acting. The main objective the event is to the art of
orphans should be in the public eye and children should experience a small stage theatre. The
activity is performed in 26 January 2020. Following are the activities improvement takes place:
2. Make a plan for rise fund for the event so collected from going to institutes and
collected some fund for event. Also collected the fund from friends and colleagues also.
3. Making proper plan which is in the written form and managerial skills are used.
Differentiate the work among the team members and assign the work to each member.
4. It is important to make a proper plan on paper because all the things are not remember
all time. So Researcher makes a proper plan changes in activities perform and how to
become an efficient work.
5. A plan of action is your chance to make an NGO effective, address any potential
negative impacts and make sure your NGO will attract donors and volunteers. Make
sure you are able to follow through with what you start. Think hard about your action
plan. Hard work is important, but hard work without a good plan is a waste of time and
money.
6. It’s never too early to make a website for your NGO. A good website helps you to
spread the word, attract volunteers, secure funding and establish a professional
appearance. An interactive website can also minimize your need for meetings and
micro managing.
7. Good use of local knowledge can really make an NGO effective. Without local
knowledge, you may do more harm than good.
8. Make friends with people and organizations doing similar work so that you can learn
from their successes and mistakes. Networking also helps you to know when to team
up and when to divide your efforts for maximum effectiveness.
21
RESULTS & DISCUSSION
Objective 1: To study about the Non-Government Organization (NGO) Sector.
In the project I study the Non-Government Organisation Sector (NGO) in detail. How the
NGO’s are work, from where they collect the funds to run the NGO and how they collect the
funds. I understand the main motive of the NGO to establish. Through the Mission and Vision
I can understand the motive of the sector. The different role performed by the NGO to protect
the rights. The types of NGO are worked in India I can learned in the project. There are too
many objectives of NGO for achieving those objectives they are work.
Objective 2: To study about the Kalarambha Foundation, various activities carried out,
challenges faced and how they were overcome.
The kalarambha Foundation is a NGO in India. They work for the child education, Women
empowerment and like this many more activities in Maharashtra. To creating unity brotherhood
in a general public mind. They provide formal education and physical education. The faced the
different kind of challenges to run a NGO. But performing as a team they can overcome the
challenges.
22
SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
1. The NGOs concentrate on the youth in carrying out their work.
2. Information dissemination, strengths of rural development.
3. There is a need to advocacy and organisational work especially for women.
4. The NGOs should concentrate on education and health awareness programmes or
activities in the study area.
5. For strengthening of NGOs programmes or activities, they should recruit volunteers.
CONCLUSION:
I conducted various activities with the children at NGO as dancing, drawing, etc. usually we
use to take the studies of children even they are very regular in their studies. I took Maths,
Marathi, Social Science (History and Geography).
23
REFRENCES:
Raj, R. (n.d.). Home. Retrieved from https://ngosindia.com/
What is an NGO? What role does it play in civil society?: Knowledge Base. (n.d.). Retrieved
from https://grantspace.org/resources/knowledge-base/ngo-definition-and-role/
Folger, J. (2020, February 18). What is an NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)? Retrieved
from https://www.investopedia.com/ask/answers/13/what-is-non-governmentorganization.asp
Information on NGOs. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.moyak.com/papers/ngo-
information.html
Abstracted from - Cousins William, "Non-Governmental Initiatives" in ADB, The Urban Poor
and Basic Infrastructure Services in Asia and the Pacific". Asian Development Bank, Manila,
1991

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Sociale relevance project

  • 1. A SOCIAL RELEVANCE PROJECT ON A STUDY REPORT ON KALARAMBHA FOUNDATION IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT FOR THE AWARDOF THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES(MMS) (UNDER UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI) SUBMITTED BY: AAKASH HODAGE MMS FINANCE ROLL NO: 181001 UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF PROF. CHRISTINA SHIJU BATCH : 2018-2020 PILLAI INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES AND RESEARCH NEW PANVEL, NAVI MUMBAI – 410206
  • 2. CERTIFICATE This is to certify that project titled “Social Relevance Project done at Kalarambha Foundation” is successfully completed by Mr Aakash Hodage during the IV Semester, in partial fulfilment of the Master's Degree in Management Studies recognized by the University of Mumbai for the academic year 2016-2018 through Pillai Institute of Management Studies and Research, New Panvel. This project work is original and not submitted earlier for the award of any degree / diploma or associate ship of any other University / Institution. Name: PROF. CHRISTINA SHIJU Date: (Signature of the guide)
  • 3. DECLARATION I hereby declare that this Project Report submitted by me to the Pillai Institute of Management Studies & Research is a bonafied work undertaken by me and it is not submitted to any other University or Institution for the award of any degree diploma/ certificate or published any time before. Name : AAKASH A. HODAGE Roll No. : 181001 Signature of the student
  • 4. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Nothing could be accomplished alone. I would like to express my deep sense gratitude to all contributors who helped me directly and indirectly. First, I would like to thank my college, Pillai’s Institute of Management Studies and Research, for giving me an opportunity to prepare this project as a part of the MMS program of Mumbai University. I would like to express my special thanks of gratitude to my respected faculty guide, PROF. CHRISTINA SHIJU who supervised me to complete the report. Last but not the least, a big thank you to my parents and colleagues, without whose support and encouragement this project would have never been completed.
  • 5. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Kalarambha Foundation offers opportunity to young adults to contribute their time to a larger movement of serving humanity. The social issue undertaken for this project is the educate children in underprivileged area initiative undertaken at Mahaphe and Shilphata. It was a one- Month activity. Some of the other activities by Kalarambha Foundation are as follows: 1. Funds collection for sanitary napkins 2. Distribution of kinds - toys, clothes 3. Distribution of food etc. We had a lot of learning during the project, faced certain challenges during certain activities. Kalarambha Foundation had created success stories during various activities. We experienced the power of youth and the changes that took places.
  • 6. TABLE OF CONTENT Sr. No Particulars Page No. 1 CHAPTER NO. 1 Sector Analysis 1.1 Non-Governmental Organisation (Ngo) 1 1.2 Mission And Vision Of Ngo 2 1.3 Role Of Ngo 3 1.4 Advantages And Disadvantages Of Ngo 4 1.5 Types Of Ngo 5-6 1.6 Functions Of Ngo In India 7 1.7 Objectives Of Ngo 7 2 CHAPTER NO. 2 Company Analysis 2.1 Introduction of Kalarambh Foundation 8 2.2 Vision, Mission And Objective 9-10 2.3 Details Of The Ngo 11 2.4 Activities Performed By Kalarambh Foundation 12-13 2.5 Challenges Faced By Kalarambha Foundtion 14-16 2.6 Ways To Overcome The Challenges 17 2.7 Introduction Of The Project 18
  • 7. 3 CHAPTER NO. 3 3.1 Objectives & Limitations Of The Study 19 3.2 Project Done At Kalarambha Foundation 20 3.3 Results & Discussion 21 3.4 Suggestions, Recommendations & Conclusion 22 3.5 Refrences 23
  • 8. 1 CHAPTER NO. 1 SECTOR ANALYSIS: NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATION (NGO) Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) or Non-Profit Organisation (NPO) is a group, organisation, non profit establishment or non-profit entrepreneurship of individuals, activists, voluntary and social persons. NGO is a social voluntary organisation of social activist, group of persons, community, and civilians who are working or associated for social welfare and social development. NGO is recognised in its registered form and can get all kind of support including financial support when it is registered at Government registering authorities. NGO can run, managed and operated by the members and other persons who associated with it and work for social and ethical objectives. NGO works for the betterment and upliftment of socio-economically and politically weaker section of community to bring them in the main stream of society and move the society towards more improved and developed way of living and existence. As the community group and organisation NGO provides and fulfils certain services, development-oriented tasks and works with aims and objectives to bring about required positive changes in society, community, areas and situations. NGO is managed by the resources, funds and other kind of desirable support of Government, funding agencies, support agencies, support communities, with support and help of business groups and people. NGO can get help to run in a variety of sources, including the fees of members, private donations, grants, sales of goods and services. NGO as a charitable and religious associations manages private funds for development, distribution of food, clothes, medicines, equipment, facilities and tools to needy persons and communities. NGO as non- profit making organisation in nature dose not work for trade or business purpose but profits by sales of goods and services may be used for the aims and objectives. NGO is non profit-making organisation, works for no profit and no gain so it is also known and identified as Non-Profit Organisation (NPO). The term ‘NGO’ stands for the ‘Non-Governmental Organization’ that refers to a structure that works to fill the gaps in the functions of the Government; for the welfare of the people of the society and the nation. However, Government tries its best to fulfill its different roles such as; policy development, regulation, facilitation, management and internal sustainability but still
  • 9. 2 there always remain scopes for some loopholes and vulnerabilities to take place in the process of advancement. This process of improvement is not only limited to the economic growth and prosperity among the people but it also implies the growth and inclusion of few other significant factors, which not only facilitate the development, but also help in manifesting a sustainable growth of the nation, such factors include; social growth, social justice, awareness, empowerment of the citizens, equality, preservation of human rights, uplifting the underprivileged and disadvantaged sectors of the society, promotion of education, women welfare, health sector and promoting humanitarian causes among the citizens of the society. The non-governmental organizations play a very vital role in actualizing the process of advancement of the country by becoming an operational adherent of the civil society. However, there is no such standard definition that can define such organizations, but still it could be best defined as a setup that is working for the civil society with the “not-for-profit” approach. This not-for-profit idea is the prime agenda of these institutions with which they become functional for the society and its people, there are approximately 3.3 million NGOs existing today in India with having significant objectives of community development, community welfare, relief, disaster management and rehabilitation, development in education, health sector, women empowerment, promoting voluntary work spirit, sustaining the system and governance and uplifting the deprived sections of the civil society. MISSION AND VISION OF NGO: NGO’s in India is committed to social justice, sustainable development and human rights. The right to communicate freely is basic human right and a necessity for sustainable development. Access to information is essential to informed decision-making at all levels. NGO’s in India is committed to the dissemination of information and promotion of sustainable development initiatives, in response to the needs of under represented and marginalized sectors of society .For bridging the data gap and improving information availability NGO network is committed to develop and establish an ideal medium for the Participation and exchange of a trusted and accurate source of quality information.
  • 10. 3 ROLE OF NGO: Among the wide variety of roles that NGOs play, the following six can be identified as important, at the risk of generalization: 1) Development and Operation of Infrastructure: Community-based organizations and cooperatives can acquire, subdivide and develop land, construct housing, provide infrastructure and operate and maintain infrastructure such as wells or public toilets and solid waste collection services. They can also develop building material supply centres and other community-based economic enterprises. In many cases, they will need technical assistance or advice from governmental agencies or higher-level NGOs. 2) Supporting Innovation, Demonstration and Pilot Projects: NGO have the advantage of selecting particular places for innovative projects and specify in advance the length of time which they will be supporting the project - overcoming some of the shortcomings that governments face in this respect. NGOs can also be pilots for larger government projects by virtue of their ability to act more quickly than the government bureaucracy. 3) Facilitating Communication: NGOs use interpersonal methods of communication, and study the right entry points whereby they gain the trust of the community they seek to benefit. They would also have a good idea of the feasibility of the projects they take up. The significance of this role to the government is that NGOs can communicate to the policy-making levels of government, information bout the lives, capabilities, attitudes and cultural characteristics of people at the local level. NGOs can facilitate communication upward from people tot he government and downward from the government tot he people. Communication upward involves informing government about what local people are thinking, doing and feeling while communication downward involves informing local people about what the government is planning and doing. NGOs are also in a unique position to share information horizontally, networking between other organizations doing similar work. 4) Technical Assistance and Training: Training institutions and NGOs can develop a technical assistance and training capacity and use this to assist both CBOs and governments. 5) Research, Monitoring and Evaluation:
  • 11. 4 Innovative activities need to be carefully documented and shared - effective participatory monitoring would permit the sharing of results with the people themselves as well as with the project staff. 6) Advocacy for and with the Poor: In some cases, NGOs become spokespersons or ombudsmen for the poor and attempt to influence government policies and programmes on their behalf. This may be done through a variety of means ranging from demonstration and pilot projects to participation in public forums and the formulation of government policy and plans, to publicizing research results and case studies of the poor. Thus NGOs play roles from advocates for the poor to implementers of government programmes; from agitators and critics to partners and advisors; from sponsors of pilot projects to mediators. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF NGO: Among the key advantages that NGOs offer are the fact that they engender more trust in local populations if they are small and intimately involved in day-to-day affairs than the intervention of foreign governments and multi-national corporations does. They also can have more of a grass roots focus that builds sustainability from the ground up if they are managed and administered properly. Key to their effectiveness is the ability to represent civil society organizations that can operate without larger racial or ethnic agendas. NGOs that have grand visions of change often set a meddling tone at the local level by promoting their religious and political agendas, but distinguishing which organizations are welcomed and which are frowned upon must be done on a unique case-by-case basis. Here are some pros of The NGO:  They work for the poor people for their development, due to this country grow in a positive direction.  NGO utilizes donated money in the development of society.  There are tons of example in the world, due to NGOs, so many people became successful.  NGO help rural women learn easily employable skills  NGO grants a financially independent status to rural women  NGO help women protect themselves from domestic violence
  • 12. 5  NGO help women attain the independent stance and say in the household by means of financial independence  NGO gives children a conducive and progressive environment for their development Here are some cons of The NGO:  There are so many NGO which are taking most of sharing 100 % of the donation.  Some NGOs are doing fraud advertisement for the donation.  NGOs interfere in government issues TYPES OF NGO: NGO types can be understood by their orientation and level of operation. NGO types by orientation:  Charitable Orientation often involves a top-down paternalistic effort with little participation by the "beneficiaries". It includes NGOs with activities directed toward meeting the needs of the poor -distribution of food, clothing or medicine; provision of housing, transport, schools etc. Such NGOs may also undertake relief activities during a natural or man-made disaster.  Service Orientation includes NGOs with activities such as the provision of health, family planning or education services in which the programme is designed by the NGO and people are expected to participate in its implementation and in receiving the service.  Participatory Orientation is characterized by self-help projects where local people are involved particularly in the implementation of a project by contributing cash, tools, land, materials, labour etc. In the classical community development project, participation begins with the need definition and continues into the planning and implementation stages. Cooperatives often have a participatory orientation.  Empowering Orientation is where the aim is to help poor people develop a clearer understanding of the social, political and economic factors affecting their lives, and to strengthen their awareness of their own potential power to control their lives. Sometimes, these groups develop spontaneously aroud a problem or an issue, at other times outside workers from NGOs play a facilitating role in their development. In any case, there is maximum involvement of the people with NGOs acting as facilitators.
  • 13. 6 NGO Types by level of operation:  Community-based Organizations (CBOs) arise out of people's own initiatives. These can include sports clubs, women's organizations, neighbourhood organizations, religious or educational organizations. There are a large variety of these, some supported by NGOs, national or international NGOs, or bilateral or international agencies, and others independent of outside help. Some are devoted to rising the consciousness of the urban poor or helping them to understand their rights in gaining access to needed services while others are involved in providing such services.  Citywide Organizations include organizations such as the Rotary or lion's Club, chambers of commerce and industry , coalitions of business, ethnic or educational groups and associations of community organizations. Some exist for other purposes, and become involved in helping the poor as one of many activities, while others are created for the specific purpose of helping the poor.  National NGOs include organizations such as the Red Cross, YMCAs/YWCAs, professional organizations etc. Some of these have state and cuty branches and assist local NGOs.  International NGOs range from secular gencies such as Redda Barna and Save the Children organizations, OXFAM, CARE, Ford and Rockefeller Foundations to religiously motivated groups. Their activities vary from mainly funding local NGOs, institutions and projects, to implementing the projects themselves.
  • 14. 7 FUNCTIONS OF NGO IN INDIA India has made rapid progress in the socio-economic sphere in the last seven decades. Millions have been brought out of poverty, life expectancy has shot up, literacy rate has almost tripled and people have better access to healthcare services. However, given the vastness of India, both in terms of demography and area, and its socio-cultural diversity, millions are still bereft of a decent life. Even today, numerous people struggle to get basics such as health, shelter, education and nutritious food. The benefits of India’s economic progress have not been uniform in nature. There is rampant economic inequality. This is where NGOs come into the picture. Their job is to plug the gaps left by the government by improving the lives of the most marginalised communities. In India, NGOs undertake a variety of activities, most of which are aimed at improving the socio-economic status of communities with limited means. From providing direct benefit (like distributing nutrition feed to malnourished children) to enabling and empowering people (like making a community realise the importance of sending their children to school), the work of NGOs has a far-reaching impact in helping underprivileged and deprived people march ahead in life. OBJECTIVES OF NGO:  To work for the social development of underprivileged individuals, groups and communities.  To encourage healthcare development and health promotion.  To assist in the process of social integration and personal realisation of underprivileged children, young people, adults and families.  To endorse the human rights and in particular the rights of the children and young people as well as the rights of underprivileged groups and communities.  To educate the people for adoption of the good norms of a good citizenship and to inculcate into the people's mind, ideals of national unity.  To work for uplifting the status of women in the society. To work against female circumcision and to fight against the victimization of girl /women by anybody in the society on female circumcision or any other related issues.  To help and generate training programme for self-employment of women and educated unemployed people and to work for adult education.
  • 15. 8 CHAPTER NO. 2 COMPANY ANALYSIS: INTRODUCTION TO KALARAMBH FOUNDATION Initially the NGO started with the four people and now there are so many are parts of the Kalarambh foundation. The children are from various religion of them have no parents, no mother, no father are stay at Hermitage and Kalarambh foundation visit to different Hermitage and attempt function for increase the confidence among children. Till now NGO have completed three years and till today there are total more than 50 members. The children in Hermitage are of age group between 5 to 14. Some children there are having their parents but they are not in better financial condition and they are not in condition to provide them with proper food and education facilities so they have sent them in hermitage. In various hermitage there age group in between 5 to 14 years of old. The food grains and vegetables are the basic requirement of the Kalarambh foundation they provide to the different hermitage. Even the snacks includes such as biscuits, maggi, chocolate, and various fruits such as apple, banana, watermelon, etc. the children are also given dry fruits such as cashew, almond, dates. As about the food habits of children proper breakfast, lunch and dinner. The main concentration is on the good breakfast so all whole day they feel healthy there is no at total wastage of food in NGO, which is most good quality of the children over there. The storage of food grain is in good condition and on very Sunday the care taker cleans the food grains. Even the snack is also provided to children in evening such as pooha, rava shira, various fruits and also sometime biscuits. But the intake of fast food is very less for children. The children also eat Non veg as Chicken, Fish and Egg. Even the children are of various religions as Hindu (Maratha), Muslim. The management of whole day is taken care by care taker as making food, cleaning clothes, cleaning room. The requirements of children are always fulfilled.
  • 16. 9 VISION AND MISSION VISION Kalarambha Foundation’s vision is “to develop the nation by providing education to next generation and to provide empowerment to women. MISSION Kalarambha Foundation’s mission is to “to work for the development and empowerment of socio-economically disadvantaged and vulnerable children and their family in India and assist them in addressing their poverty-linked issues through educating them” OBJECT OF KALARAMBHA FOUNDATION 1. To create unity, brotherhood amongst the general public 2. To promote welfare, social, culture, chartable, health, education, humanitarian and relief activities that will protect, safeguard, improve the quality of poor’s and raise the standard of human life, irrespective of caste, colour, sex or religion. 3. To carry out any activities with the intention of help and collaborate in establishing and running medical centres ,old age homes ,ashrams, rehabilitation, institution for the destitute, vocational training centres for the handicapped, poor’s and needy. 4. To establish and develop institutions for the physically handicapped and disabled or mentally reared person and to provide them education, food, clothing , etc. to establish, run, support, maintain and manage hospital, diagnostic, centre, pathology, ultrasound, x- ray and dispensaries for Poor's. 5. To give scholarship, free ships and educational help such as a school uniforms, school books, notebook and stationary to the needy and deserving student without making distinction of caste and Creed to Poor's. 6. To provide free medical camp such as a blood donation camp heart check-up eye check- up and complete body check-up etc. for Poor's in urban and rural area to give free
  • 17. 10 medicine, injection and other medical help to cancer patients, Aid a patient and to patient etc to provide free ambulance service to the poor and deserving people to provide relief to the people who are affected by natural calamities. 7. To implement the scheme of government, semi government municipal corporation about self-employment to the needy to establish vocational training programs for the needy and Poor's. 8. To create various activities to improve the people standard of living related to their basic needs social problems and encourage social, economic, culture, educational, physical, intellectual activities, organize sports camps, competition training classes, to increase interest in various national/international sport's among youth make available the sports elements to the sportsman/sportswomen and organize various competition and distribute prizes . 9. To try to keep area clean to keep a balance in environment and adopt the gardens and plantation for plantations and equilibrium of environment the areas wherever it is possible to acquire cultivated or non-cultivated lands from owner or government in order to make it Green zone or any other environment free projects for the preservation and equilibrium of the environment. 10. To provide ancillary chartable service to the general public and needy irrespective of caste, Creed, race, colure, sex or religion help to Farmers to promote their agriculture activity training to their agriculture growth. 11. To promote environment awareness and safeguard the global environment and to that end carry on such activities as may be necessary. 12. To establish temporary/ permanent and/ or mobile centre of education in the field of literacy, self-awareness development, self-employment, conservation of natural resources, optimum, utilization of water a forestation and environment to appointment sub committees to plan and implement programs beneficial to a particular weaker section of the society like women' , children, unemployed youths aged and physically challenged person.
  • 18. 11 DETAILS OF THE NGO: KEY PEOPLE OF NGO Akshay Ravikant Chavan: Mr. Akshay Ravikant Chavan Managing Trustees of Kalarambh Foundation. He is Student and youtuber. Pooja Bapu Patil: Ms Patil serves on the board of trustees for KALARAMBH. She is a dedicated social worker and regularly raises funds for our activities. Rasika Anant Jadhav: She is a landscape designer. She is also A trustee. Sourabh Subhash Kadam Shivam Sheshrao Ambildhage Urban Centers in Mumbai  Prabhadevi  Turbhe Naka  Turbhe Stores  Pawne  Turbhe NMMC  Rabale  Mahaphe  Shilphata
  • 19. 12 ACTIVITIES PERFORMED BY KALARAMBH FOUNDATION i. Providing care facility Kalarambh foundation provides a care facility to the children who are in different ashram. This care facility is for one day in one year. The children are given the basis of education like learning the alphabet, numbers, rhymes etc. For older children, classes are held to bring them to the level of a regular school going child of their age so that they would not feel at loss on entering school. ii. Formal Education One of the main focuses of the project is to bring the children out of this gain situation through education. There are so many ashram are also main focuses on the importance of the education and the immense possibilities that it provides. Since most of the children below the age of 14 admitted to the ashram are illiterate they are trained in basic reading, writing and arithmetic skills. This also generates in them an interest towards education. iii. Health and Hygiene Living and working in a high risk environment, the rag pickers are prone to severe health and hygiene. Weekly medical camps are also held focusing on a particular group (children, women etc) or on a particular issue (eye, dental, TB, Hepatitis, and Cancer etc.). The foundation goes to the different ashram and also visits to the poor area and help to the children’s. In addition to milk and biscuits in the morning and evening, they are provided wholesome lunch at noon. Supplementary nutrition is also provided to expectant mothers as well as to those who have delivered and their babies. iv. Girl and women Empowerment The foundation visits different areas and also focuses on the education of the girl child; programs are conducted to empower the girls in different ashram and rural areas. Various do it yourself activities are arranged to enable them to be more self-efficient and to boost confidence. Personality development sessions help them to identity and improve their talents and increase their self-worth. Self-defence classes are organised for them where they are trained to react proactively in a threatening situation.
  • 20. 13 v. Livelihood training A variety of courses are held to engage the community in alternate livelihood programs. Various skill development programs are conducted in tandem with vocational courses. Soft toy making, paper bag making, and books binding also drawing this kind of knowledge provided by foundation. In various Ashram there are children whose age in between 5 to 12 years so it important provide them proper education and different skill they have to develop and Kalarambh foundation organize the different functions. vi. Programs for Children The Kalarambh foundation organizes different programs for the children in different ashram. The volunteer of the foundation mostly focuses on the children develop the confidence to rise up, talk and come up with different arts like painting and dancing. vii. Physical Education Children of the Ashram are provided with medical facilities in addition to this they are taught how to cope with simple ailments. They are also educated on personal hygiene and etiquette that is reflected in their everyday living.
  • 21. 14 CHALLENGES FACED BY KALARAMBHA FOUNDTION As the NGO Kalarambh foundation is situated in Churchgate, Mumbai. Basically the NGO is facing the problem of funding. It is not Government aided its Private NGO so all the management or working of NGO depends upon the Donations what the get. Even the NGO is in row house type so the Rent is also very high. Some of basic challenges faced by NGO are as follows: 1. Difficulties to get funds: The Kalarambh foundation has experienced difficulties in getting enough, and continuous funding in order to do their work. Getting donors is a hard task, and sometimes dealing with some specific donor’s funding conditions can be an enormous challenge for NGO’s. Additionally, most of the non-governmental organizations have a high level of dependency of donors’ funds that makes them even more susceptible to donors’ behaviour. 2. Lack of proper networking: For Kalarambh foundation is difficult to network. Having poor network with pairs can lead to lack of communication, if non-governmental organizations do not disclose what they are doing for a certain community, efforts could be duplicated, conflicts about the ways a certain problem should be faced in a region could arise, and they could be missing the opportunity to learn best practices. 3. Lack of governance: Kalarambh foundation does not have a Board. One of the main reasons for that is the difficulty to attract board members without paying them or providing them some benefits. Having a Board is one of the best ways to achieve good levels of governance, nevertheless, there is a significant number of NGOs that does not have a good understanding of governance, and does not think governance is relevant for their organizations. Additionally, some non-governmental organizations mismanage their funds because they spend the money according to the NGOs’ owner directions, without adequate levels of accountancy and analysis. 4. Lack of Long-Term Strategic Planning: NGO appears to be incapable of predicting what they will do even in one or two months. Most of their activities look like one time shots. However, a single event is not enough to change the attitude towards some problem. In part, it happens because the activists are trying to diversify their activities, organize events of different kinds and in different
  • 22. 15 areas so that they do not let themselves drown in monotony. Yet, this only blurs the public role of an NGO. Obviously, civic activists should start learning how to do a long-term planning and develop their strategy. 5. Lack of Commitment There is a lack of commitment because they often disappear because their members were not persistent enough in what they were doing or they got dragged into another field of work. Such “movements” are not something unusual. Indeed, the experience of working in NGOs can be a good start for your future carrier. The conclusion is obvious. NGOs should always keep in mind staff turnover and ensure that they should not get held “hostage” by any single person. 6. Lack of Feedback and Social Support Suppresses Enthusiasm Our society is only slightly involved in community life. There is a lot of heterogeneity in why people get engaged in NGOs. However, whatever their motivation is, when people cannot get that sense of belonging to their community and do not have their contribution appreciated, soon they give up and quit NGOs. It is very sad to know that many of these people are not even supported by their families. The problem is not so much in negligence of authorities. The real issue is the indifference of majority of population. Everyone talks about the necessity to control authorities, but nobody is eager to spend their own time and money to take care of it. 7. Inadequate Trained Personnel: It is believed that the personnel working in NGOs may be of personnel working in such organizations is a sense of dedication and commitment and interest in the social services. NGOs earlier were assumed to be served by unpaid social workers imbued with the spirit of service and did not require any special education or training. But the present trends that are having professional education are not interested to work with NGOs. Their vision has been changed and is interested to work in urban areas only. Therefore, it is very difficult to get trained persons who are either willing or trained to work in the rural society where most of NGOs work. Moreover, these professionally trained persons have high expectations in terms of salaries, status, opportunities for their growth in the career of their choice. Moreover, most of NGOs due to lack of funds cannot able to spent some more funds for giving training to the personnel employed in the organization
  • 23. 16 .Some of NGOs are in fear of personnel who may shift to another big NGO after taking training from it. 8. Monopolization of leadership: It has been observed that there is a growing tendency towards monopolization and interlocking of leadership at the top level of voluntary action groups and organizations as is reflected in the same person being the president in one organization, secretary in the other, treasurer in the third and a member of the executive in the fourth. This interlocking of leadership can be advantageous in formulating, coordinated policies, programmes and activities, facilitating exchange of technical know-how and experience and mobilizing people for a common goal. But the greatest disadvantage of such leadership is that fresh blood is not allowed to flow into the organization and leadership. 9. Lack of Volunteerism/Social work among Youth: The basic characteristic of NGO is volunteerism. In early days, youth are making their career in volunteerism but that enthusiasm seems to have faded these days. The extent of volunteerism is declining day by day and turning it into professionalization. Even the young graduates from social work are interested in making their career in professionalism. This leads to lack of efficient volunteers in NGOs.
  • 24. 17 WAYS TO OVERCOME THE CHALLENGES 1. Many NGO uses the different skills and techniques for raising the fund and one of important method is commercial profession of marketing. 2. There are lot of events going on all year round related to non-profit sector, civil society and CSR. Participation in these events can be very fruitful for networking, building connections, and potential partnerships in future. 3. To involve and improve women’s participation and leadership in governance structures, which is shown to lower corruption, improve policy outcomes, and increase attention to urgent social issues. Technology should be used to bring greater efficiency to government systems, processes and interactions. 4. An effective strategic plan helps in building up the main initiative behind a NGO. It clearly states the mission and vision of the organization and gives an overall direction to its way-forward. Best decisions are taken when NGOs have a strategic plan in hand. At any given instance, members can refer to the vision and define its further course of action. Therefore, a complete plan acts as a useful guide all throughout the organizational journey. Through a strategy plan, NGOs can have good idea and understanding about its strengths and capacities, weaknesses and problems as well as resources. A SWOT (strength, weakness, opportunity, threats) analysis shall enable the organization to analyse their strengths and build upon opportunity. In this process, they can also determine their core competency. 5. Without public support, NGOs gradually lose their enthusiasm. Therefore it is important to require public support. 6. NGOs often become a political platform that makes public doubt about their real purpose. 7. Members of NGO should be professionals in the area they work. It is important to provide the training to the personnel. 8. Lifelong learning should be a personal motto of each activists of NGO.
  • 25. 18 INTRODUCTION OF THE PROJECT Improving child welfare is the motivation for many social work students that enter this dynamic field. Social workers have multi-faceted responsibilities, and the opportunities available for social workers are plentiful. It is important to understand low working within the community and building bridges among various organizations can improve society. NGO activities include, but are not limited to, environmental, social, advocacy and human rights work. They can work to promote social or political change on a broad scale or very locally. NGOs play a critical part in developing society, improving communities, and promoting citizen participation. The research is based on to analyse the challenges and different activities performed by the kalarambh foundation. Also provides better solution for the Kalarambh foundation. The challenges includes the sufficient funding for program, Lack of proper networking, Lack of governance, Lack of Long-Term Strategic Planning, Lack of Commitment, Lack of Feedback and Social Support Suppresses Enthusiasm, Inadequate Trained Personnel these are all the points are elaborated in this report and also come up with the different solution.
  • 26. 19 CHAPTER NO. 3 RESEARCH METHDOLOGY OBJECTIVES: 1. To study about the Non-Government Organization (NGO) Sector. 2. To study about the Kalarambha Foundation, various activities carried out, challenges faced and how they were overcome. LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY In completing this project, every effort has been made to keep the errors out, yet there are limitations of the study. A few of the limitations may be cited as under: 1. The study is based upon primary data and as well as secondary data therefore the inferences may have been affected by the opinions of the various contributors. 2. The lack of time to carry out a survey. 3. Limited area covers for a survey.
  • 27. 20 PROJECT DONE AT KALARAMBHA FOUNDATION The Kalarambh foundation and team organize the function at Adhar adivasi seva ashram at shil phata and I am volunteer of that function. The function regarding various types of arts presented by children, so it is important to provide training to them. This event includes T shirt painting, handmade arts, handicraft skill, dance and acting. The main objective the event is to the art of orphans should be in the public eye and children should experience a small stage theatre. The activity is performed in 26 January 2020. Following are the activities improvement takes place: 2. Make a plan for rise fund for the event so collected from going to institutes and collected some fund for event. Also collected the fund from friends and colleagues also. 3. Making proper plan which is in the written form and managerial skills are used. Differentiate the work among the team members and assign the work to each member. 4. It is important to make a proper plan on paper because all the things are not remember all time. So Researcher makes a proper plan changes in activities perform and how to become an efficient work. 5. A plan of action is your chance to make an NGO effective, address any potential negative impacts and make sure your NGO will attract donors and volunteers. Make sure you are able to follow through with what you start. Think hard about your action plan. Hard work is important, but hard work without a good plan is a waste of time and money. 6. It’s never too early to make a website for your NGO. A good website helps you to spread the word, attract volunteers, secure funding and establish a professional appearance. An interactive website can also minimize your need for meetings and micro managing. 7. Good use of local knowledge can really make an NGO effective. Without local knowledge, you may do more harm than good. 8. Make friends with people and organizations doing similar work so that you can learn from their successes and mistakes. Networking also helps you to know when to team up and when to divide your efforts for maximum effectiveness.
  • 28. 21 RESULTS & DISCUSSION Objective 1: To study about the Non-Government Organization (NGO) Sector. In the project I study the Non-Government Organisation Sector (NGO) in detail. How the NGO’s are work, from where they collect the funds to run the NGO and how they collect the funds. I understand the main motive of the NGO to establish. Through the Mission and Vision I can understand the motive of the sector. The different role performed by the NGO to protect the rights. The types of NGO are worked in India I can learned in the project. There are too many objectives of NGO for achieving those objectives they are work. Objective 2: To study about the Kalarambha Foundation, various activities carried out, challenges faced and how they were overcome. The kalarambha Foundation is a NGO in India. They work for the child education, Women empowerment and like this many more activities in Maharashtra. To creating unity brotherhood in a general public mind. They provide formal education and physical education. The faced the different kind of challenges to run a NGO. But performing as a team they can overcome the challenges.
  • 29. 22 SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 1. The NGOs concentrate on the youth in carrying out their work. 2. Information dissemination, strengths of rural development. 3. There is a need to advocacy and organisational work especially for women. 4. The NGOs should concentrate on education and health awareness programmes or activities in the study area. 5. For strengthening of NGOs programmes or activities, they should recruit volunteers. CONCLUSION: I conducted various activities with the children at NGO as dancing, drawing, etc. usually we use to take the studies of children even they are very regular in their studies. I took Maths, Marathi, Social Science (History and Geography).
  • 30. 23 REFRENCES: Raj, R. (n.d.). Home. Retrieved from https://ngosindia.com/ What is an NGO? What role does it play in civil society?: Knowledge Base. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://grantspace.org/resources/knowledge-base/ngo-definition-and-role/ Folger, J. (2020, February 18). What is an NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)? Retrieved from https://www.investopedia.com/ask/answers/13/what-is-non-governmentorganization.asp Information on NGOs. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.moyak.com/papers/ngo- information.html Abstracted from - Cousins William, "Non-Governmental Initiatives" in ADB, The Urban Poor and Basic Infrastructure Services in Asia and the Pacific". Asian Development Bank, Manila, 1991