Li bra ries fo r th e 21s t C en tu ry
Young Helen Keller
The 21st Century Library
Hi. My name is Meredith. And I’m a librarian.
Well… perhaps that’s not the whole story. Meredith Farkas -
Librarian, writer, teacher
I currently live in central Vermont and am the Distance and tech geek.
Learning Librarian at Norwich University. It’s a small
library, so I basically get to do a little bit of everything
in my job, from being the library Webmaster to
teaching information literacy classes to
troubleshooting database access problems. Every day is
definitely different and a new challenge, which I enjoy.
Academic Library 2.0 Conference
Meredith Farkas delivered a keynote at UC berkeley in 2007 at the academic library 2.0 conference in which she discussed what library 2.0 is and how to build it. most is about university
level but doesnʼt take too much to make it relevant for K-12. I have used some of her ideas and references. She has only been around for about 5 years - testament to willingness to express
ideas and Internet (social networking).
The children's library has traditionally been a
“library in the library” where everything, ideally, is
planned for the use by children. In recent years the
children's library has changed its focus from
providing and planning children's achievement of
knowledge and skills, to support children's self-
initiated development, play and imagination. This
is among other things reflected in the material
offered and prioritized by the library especially in
regard to the offerings of interactive media and
Interactive Children’s Library Project
is it time to discard the dewey system? Cindy Kolaczynski described opening the Dewey-free Perry Library in Maricopa County. They designed the library along
the lines of a modern bookstore, with lots of seating, well-marked sections, end panel displays, and Melville Dewey left out on the curb. Will it work?
Joint Use Libraries
public and school access/mgt
How about joint use libraries? Housed within a school, used by the school and the community. Financed, administered, and managed by all entities involved.
Open Source ILS
free and customizable
Evergreen is an electronic library system - open source; lacks some bells and whistles. but do we need them when we have
library relevancy - library 2.0
The existence of libraries themselves have been questioned...why do we need them when everything is digital?
Libraries are currently about ﬁnding and consuming information....not relevant when everything is online.
Libraries can be relevant.......if they change.
What are some of the What might be some
things we might next steps we can
(should?) be able to take to make this
do in our libraries to happen?
meet the needs of a
21st century learner?
goals: to stimulate your thinking about what you can do in libraries; to think about how you can make your library a central part of the school; to provide an opportunity for you to experiment
Iʼm not a librarian. have not spent time in all libraries. Iʼm guessing what you see here is not done by our librarians; maybe some is - if so, then good. as i show you this...think about who
could do these kinds of things with/for kids? who should be collaborating to accomplish?
The 21st Century Library
If the world is going digital, how do libraries adapt to meet that challenge? I think we can look at 3 components of the library; virtual space, physical space, and personnel (librarians). You
canʼt talk about changing one without changing the others - they are connected. And of course, students are at the center of all of this.
Letʼs have a look at the virtual space ﬁrst.
Library Library is a
that ﬁts Staff framework for integrating
that suggests Creation of change into all levels of
that learns Emerging Tech library operations
that gathers committee
that combines Integration with (e)
that organizes learning environment
The library has no
Library that LETS
2. Tech-sav vy environment The library
3. Reaching of the patrons long tail is human
The library 4. Content for more than one device
invites participation 5. Component-based soft ware, not ILS Patron 2.0 = from
6. Constant change content consumer to
7 Use of web 2.0 apps & services
. content creator
OPAC 8. Open standards
- Federated search
- RSS for cataloging records & The library is
- Records tagging everywhere
- User reviews Social
computing apps to meet
users need when, where &
The Physical Library how they need it
Loud spaces for collaboration & The library uses ﬂexible
conversation best of breed systems
Mobile devices for users
You canʼt talk about virtual space without talking about library 2.0. Library 2.0 is virtual space. Many different ideas and deﬁnitions of library 2.0. However, there are some common terms that
come up: ﬂexible space, read/write web (web 2.0), virtual, social, collaborative, digital, communal, content producer. In general, not the quiet place weʼre used too!
OPAC - online public access catalog
Library 2.0 Meme Map http://ﬂickr.com/photos/gbierens/178568449/ by Gerard Bierens
Library 2.0 - Virtual Space
Web 2.0 - Read/Write
Library 2.0 is web 2.0. There are so many new technologies and applications that can be used to extend libraries into students (virtual) space; and get students creating/producing content
and communicating....here are a few....
Photo - Digitage Web 2.0 http://ﬂickr.com/photos/oceanﬂynn/315385916/ by ocean.ﬂynn
what students say
technology is important to them
natrona public library - teen zone
What about creating a library website for your school? teenzone?.....what about separate sections for K-2 and older kids?
instant messaging on the web
How about instant communication via the web with a librarian? no software or accounts to install or set up!
how to use; resource links
how to check info is valid
University of Miami
why did university miami put library page on myspace? because thatʼs where kids are! Could a librarian create a myspace presence and advertise it at the school library/website/hallway,
Denver Public Library
denver public library has a myspace page; they even have a teen section. announcements, messages, IM
Greenhills School Library
school library facebook could allow patrons to access account to post requests for books or ask about if books are available. could a librarian in ncsd do this?
create your own social network
create a social network for a book - a sort of online book study. work with a teacher to set one up for a particular book they are
reading in class.
How can we use youtube in an educational way? what about storytubes?
instructional video on the site...made by kids, for kids.
Essential Visual History of the World!
North Carolina State Archives
How about Flickr? North carolina state put on archives; original photos, for example......
Flickr - NCSU
the wright brothers - original photos from North Carolina State University Arhives
•history of schools in natrona county...
•what about Casper - construction of schools?
family history - old photos
personal history - one photo a day/week?
what about casper’s statues? not only history but photography skills
casper mtn. fire
the ﬁre on casper mountain - photos, updates, local kids close to burn area, junior reporters
grade 1-2 dinosaur wiki
this wiki was made by grade 1-2 kids! what about a wiki for kids going into 9th grade? could a librarian be a driving force behind this kind of content creation?
suggestions, patron comments, write to a prompt
could a librarian create a suggestion blog? (ﬁrst class) how about including a survey (like polldaddy) where students could vote and then use blog to comment; what about generating a
prompt about a timely issue?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
RSS (an abbreviation for Really Simple Syndication) is a family of Web feed formats used to publish
frequently updated works—such as blog entries, news headlines, audio, and video—in a
standardized format. An RSS document (which is called a quot;feedquot;, quot;web feedquot;, or quot;channelquot;)
includes full or summarized text, plus metadata such as publishing dates and authorship. Web
feeds benefit publishers by letting them syndicate content automatically. They benefit readers who
want to subscribe to timely updates from favored websites or to aggregate feeds from many sites
into one place. RSS feeds can be read using software called an quot;RSS readerquot;, quot;feed readerquot;, or
quot;aggregatorquot;, which can be web-based, desktop-based, or mobile-device-based. A standardized
XML file format allows the information to be published once and viewed by many different
programs. The user subscribes to a feed by entering the feed's URI (often referred to informally as a
quot;URLquot; (uniform resource locater), although technically the two terms are not exactly synonymous)
into the reader or by clicking an RSS icon in a browser that initiates the subscription process. The
RSS reader checks the user's subscribed feeds regularly for new work, downloads any updates that
it finds, and provides a user interface to monitor and read the feeds.
subscribe for new books, news, events
whenever new books are added to the collection they are sent through the rss feed...kids can subscribe and always be updated when new books show up. how about generating an rss feed
for whatʼs happening at school? could the librarian generate this?
share and connect with what others are surﬁng and reading
digital pen pals and more
catalog your own books online & share
catalog your own books; share your list with others; ﬁnd others with your same interest and see what theyʼre reading.
is this a site librarians might want to suggest to their students?
which is better? perhaps a librarian can help a student ﬁgure that out.
http://www.librarything.com, http://www.shelfari.com, http://www.22books.com
create online books
use these services to create online photo books; share online and/or purchase a copy
create, comment, share via web
can you imagine students doing video comments about other students work? maybe a librarian could set this up for some students/class/teacher?
keep track of web resources
NCSD Digital Resources
other (free) resources available
donʼt forget our own digital resources. are we really getting our students involved in using these?
always new and changing
New Site while I was looking for things......
Features: Google News Timeline
Google News Timeline is a web application that organizes search results chronologically. It allows users to view news and other data sources on a browsable, graphical timeline. Available
data sources include recent and historical news, scanned newspapers and magazines, blog posts, sports scores, and information about various types of media, like music albums and
are our library spaces ʻfortresses?ʼ or are they open, ﬂexible, inviting, social, collaborative, central to school?
Physical Space - Library 2.0
The role of the library as a passive framework for
physical collections of materials is now being
phased out and replaced by a new intelligent space
– a cross field between the digital and the physical
where library space can become an interactive
interface for the users’ access to both digital and
From Transformation Lab (2004-07)...experiments with this new library
space and explores the interaction between user, space and material.
The role of the library as a passive framework for physical collections of materials is now being phased out and replaced by a new intelligent space – a cross ﬁeld between the digital and the
physical where library space can become an interactive interface for the usersʼ access to both digital and physical resources.
Physical Space - Flexible
Five different environments were
established in the
Transformation (Model) Lab:
The Literature Lab
The News Lab
The Music Lab
The Exhibition Lab
example: music lab - guitar set up to computer with garage band as part of a section of the library; kids can learn, produce music for presentations or others.
this is a question put forth by the transformation lab project; in denmark
The wall of screens was tuned into news broadcasts from all over the world. The moving pictures presented the users with an unexpected experience when entering the library - a positive
distraction which also gave impression of the library as a lively place.
In the News Lab, the project team created a wall of screens with large and small screens and monitors tuned into news broadcasts from all over the world. The wall of screens was one of the first
things meeting users in the foyer of the library. The moving pictures presented the users with an unexpected experience when entering the library – a positive distraction giving the impression of the
library being a lively place with new things going on all the time. This provides users with new expectations for the library, and at the same time it may contribute to changing the users’ behaviour and
in-grown habits when using library space and resources.
The Music Lab was a place where the users could experience music in a new way. They had the facilities for listening and playing music themselves. The lab was also used
to show MTV and other visual dissemination of music on walls, big screens and the ﬂoor.
The Music Lab turned the library into a place where the users could experience music in a new way. Music was not only presented through the physical materials and digital resources of the library.
In the Music Lab, music was ever present – in the lab’s “listening UFO”, at listening posts for MTV and CDs, and in the shape of instruments available to users. Furthermore, the Music Lab provided
the setting for a number of concerts – and jam sessions with user performances. Suddenly the library was no longer a quiet place, but a place with sound and sometimes noise. Many users had an
unexpected experience, and the library sent out new signals.
Physical Space - Learning
Students streamed into the library carrying trays of food, bottles of water and sports drinks, and
paper bags bursting at the seams with sandwiches, fruit and cookies. This was a typical Friday
during the school year. Fridays were Listening Lunches days and the students loved Listening
Lunch at Chelmsford High Library quot;beforequot; the opportunity to have lunch in the library while
listening to their peers read poetry, sing songs, perform plays, play musical instruments, and
On Wednesdays each week, our Java Room opened at 6:45 AM, pots of steaming coffee and hot
water for tea and hot chocolate lined up beside the aging classroom desks placed side-by-side in
the center of the library serving as a Reference Desk of sorts. Trays of donated pastries and bagels,
here through the generosity of local Chelmsford businesses, beckoned hungry students and staff
members. The lines were long, the laughter loud, the books on display enticing students to browse
and check out books while they waited for their hot drinks. Students sat and talked, teachers and
administrators readied themselves for a day of teaching and instruction by recounting events of
the previous days and catching up on daily news.
Students streamed into the library carrying trays of food, bottles of water and sports drinks, and paper bags bursting at the seams with sandwiches, fruit and cookies. This was a typical Friday during the
school year. Fridays were Listening Lunches days and the students loved Listening Lunch at Chelmsford High Library quot;beforequot; the opportunity to have lunch in the library while listening to their peers read
poetry, sing songs, perform plays, play musical instruments, and more.
On Wednesdays each week, our Java Room opened at 6:45 AM, pots of steaming coffee and hot water for tea and hot chocolate lined up beside the aging classroom desks placed side-by-side in the
center of the library serving as a Reference Desk of sorts. Trays of donated pastries and bagels, here through the generosity of local Chelmsford businesses, beckoned hungry students and staff
members. The lines were long, the laughter loud, the books on display enticing students to browse and check out books while they waited for their hot drinks. Students sat and talked, teachers and
administrators readied themselves for a day of teaching and instruction by recounting events of the previous days and catching up on daily news.
social spaces at chelmsford (mass) that can be moved
java day on wednesdays; donated pastries and bagels from businesses;
social spaces; ﬂexible; light
Physical Space - Activities
what are some of the activities we can have take place in the library? book readings, poetry slams, music, displays, hot chocolate morning, skits, plays, magic, news events,
guest speakers, etc.
To me, the coffee shop should guide us tell us
kids want a social learning space. Online
preferences tells me we need to give kids a lot of
access to digital resources. Gyms and theaters
indicated that libraries should be performance
spaces where kids can share information, not just
absorb it. And finally, looking at social
networking sites and YouTube, we need to make
libraries knowledge production areas.
Doug Johnson on what are your recommendations to school designers to inspire more interest
in library spaces by students and young people.
Libraries must be spaces where multiple
activities can take place simultaneously. And
since there are many different learning styles, the
library should offer as many different types of
environments as possible—quiet study areas,
group activity areas, spaces for individual and
small group work, spaces for instruction, spaces
where students can listen to music, and—dare I
say it—spaces where food and drinks are allowed.
Rolf Erikson on “should the library of the future be a ʻsacredʼ space dedicated to honoring the
book, or a dynamic interactive space dedicated to honoring the student and community?”
having said that...knowing that all kinds of stuff/activities will be going on in the library.....and that the library is the center of information, social activity, and learning
(outside the classroom), what entryway would you like to see as you enter your school library?
Be adventurous, particularly in
terms of providing flexible spaces
and furnishings that are
comfortable and ergonomically
correct. Too many new school
library interiors, are far too
conservative and dull.
Rolf Erikson on “What are your recommendations to school designers to
inspire more interest in library spaces by students and young people?”
and what about furnishings? the furniture....cozy, functional, ﬂexible, multipurpose(?), etc.
which of these spaces might be ﬂexible enough to meet the needs of the 21st century learner? (none here)
which of these spaces might be ﬂexible enough to meet the needs of the 21st century learner? (all of these are pretty good)
Human Space - Librarians
At present, many libraries are working on renewing
and vitalizing the role and self-image of librarians.
The role of the librarian is changing from a focus on
providing a piece of information for the user to a focus
on re-thinking the library and establishing a learning
dialogue with the user. But ingrained self-knowledge
is difficult to change!
From transformation lab project, June 2007
At present, many libraries are working on renewing and vitalizing the role and self-image of librarians. The role of the librarian is changing from a focus on providing a piece of information for
the user to a focus on re-thinking the library and establishing a learning dialogue with the user. But ingrained self-knowledge is difﬁcult to change!
21st Century Librarian?
helping students consume? produce?
Librarians of the Future Will Help You Upload Your Videos Jon Udell
from Talking with
to YouTube Tails Podcast
Imagine a future when you go to the library with a 5 minute video you've just made about last night's
Presidential debates and that librarian says to you:
You should upload it to YouTube and tag it with these four tags - two broad and two more specific to
existing communities of interest on YouTube and the topic of your video. Then you should embed that video
in a blog post along with some text introducing it and linking to some of your favorite posts by other people
who have also written today about the Presidential debates. Make sure to send trackbacks to those posts!
Now, I think this is a particularly good video on the topic, so if you're interested I will vote for it on
StumbleUpon (as a librarian I have a very powerful account there) and give it a good summary explanation.
Any of those are steps you can take that will make your work all the easier for people to discover.
Microsoft's Jon Udell on the Talking With Talis podcast, posits that the librarian of the future will help a growing number of citizen media producers to classify their online media and get it
connected to other related content in ways that will increase its discoverability.
the Human Net work
the bottom line of personnel...it will take the right people...people who want to be part of the change that is happening in learning.
How do we get there?
learning culture (PD) recognize good things people
risk tolerant culture
quality determine needs then select
capitalize on strength of
individuals provide time for development
good ideas from anyone/ specific suggestions for ncsd
Takin’ care of business
Old Business New Business
elementary backlog reorganization
fgc cleanup pilot programs
2 WEEKS for INVENTORY!
Hire 4-6 people to work after school is out in
June for 10 days
Dollars from Title and Library Services
Training and troubleshooting provided by library
Remainder of books to be cataloged and
distributed before school begins
Online ordering using district approved process
Selected elementary(s) do own cataloging (8 hour
Secondary librarians collaborate with LMTs and
Library services build redundancy, new skillsets,
different services, science refurb center
District librarian will facilitate pilots and LTT
if we implement these ideas, we might get something that looks like this.....(next slide)
will start small (1 secondary school and 1 set of elem schools); will select people and schools who want to try something new and different; all other schools will remain the same. we will do
a PDSA and move forward from there. So, what do these schools do? what does this model look like...next slide
District Library System
What does this look like?
Who is involved?
What does it mean for your librarian/school?
Is this the answer for 21st century schools and
the emphasis is on teaching and learning, NOT mgt, card catalog, or collection development. idea - each elementary library develops a theme/grade level; sci-ﬁ, classics, or courage, or
current events. then 4th graders (or whatever) from each school visit themed libraries and do watch local school students perform.
What does it look like?
At this point, I think we can still make a case for a “book oriented” library for
developing good reading skills based on the arguments of Stephen Krashen and
others who maintain that voluntary free reading is the best way for kids to
improve their reading skills. And kids will only read voluntarily if they have access
to a wide range of materials that are at an appropriate reading level that are on
topics of interest to them. In other words, good library book collections.
The glut of information that keeps expanding overwhelms most people, and
libraries and librarians are needed to help guide and teach students and teachers
to cope. Also, an exemplary library program, with an emphasis on information
fluency, is the one place where students can truly become equipped with the skills
needed to become lifelong, continual learners. Having said that, I would also like
to say that I believe most classrooms should have book collections—to supplement
library collections, not to replace them.
From interview with Doug Johnson and Rolf Erikson
so what about books (referencing the video about the need for libraries because of digital). this quote supports books. Librarians are NOT going away; their role may be
changing. the new elementary school has a podcasting studio - could you help students put together a podcast? a local news show for the school? (nctv) the new high
school models DID NOT include library as a part of the layout
Who is involved?
river of life article - librarian put together “trout unit”. questions to ask - librarian did all of the work?; where was kid input? (student centric) what about teachers?
(collaboration) is it aligned with district curriculum? what kind of technology was used? (blog for comments from kids; wiki for creating ﬁsh identiﬁcation; video info (as in a
Libraries in 2025?
Is this the answer for 21st century schools
and 2025 students?
the 2025 visions committee has looked at model high schools and presented physical models - none include a placeholder for libraries...none mention libraries (learning
what is the answer to this question?