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It is for those who are interested in housing , I recommend this as an interesting case study. Suggestions and recommendations are welcome .
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  2. 2. NAVI MUMBAI  It was developed in 1972 as a new urban township of Mumbai, and is the largest planned city in the world.  The population of Navi Mumbai has reached 1,119,477 as per the 2011 provisional census.  These nodes are named Airoli, Ghansoli, Kopar Khairane, Vashi, Sanpada, Nerul, CBD Belapur, Kharghar, Kalamboli, Juinagar, Kamothe, New Panvel, Ulwe, Pushpak and Dronagiri .  Navi Mumbai has become a unique project by virtue of its – pattern of development, housing, social and physical infrastructure, method of finance and sustainable futuristic planning. Key map of navi Mumbai POPULATION : 1119477 AREA :163 km” ; 344 km”
  3. 3. CIDCO – INDIA’S PREMIERE TOWN PLANNING AGENCY  CIDCO is a company wholly owned by the Govt. Of Maharashtra and was incorporated on 17th March 1970.  Why CIDCO ? 1. As the city was gripped in a strangle of deteriorating basic necessities 2. As the population incursion made possible by the vehement growth of industrial and commercial infrastructure. 3. Development inputs could not keep pace with the rapidly growing population, industry, trade and commerce. 4. To improve the situation, Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Planning Board recommended considering a twin city across the facilitate the Greater Mumbai and CIDCO was entrusted with developing necessary social and physical infrastructure. SOURCE :
  4. 4. .  The multidimensional activities undertaken today by CIDCO can be classified under these three broad concepts: • Planning and Development of New Towns. • Consultancy. • Project Management and Designing.  OBJECTIVES: 1. Reduction of population overcrowding in core cities . 2. Absorption of emigrants and preventing the emigration of present population by providing better conditions and new opportunities . 3. Setting the industrial pace of the State with the help of balanced urban development. 4. Provision of excellent socio-economic facilities, thereby improving the quality of life. Water supply at Navi Mumbai A bird’s eye view of Navi Mumbai SOURCE:
  5. 5. CIDCO-NAVI MUMBAI  The growth of Navi Mumbai was aimed at decongestant.  The new city projected to accommodate 2 million people and 7,50,000 jobs in next three decades.  The 1991 Census recorded a 10 percent decrease in population growth rate for Greater Mumbai, compared to the previous decade. Navi Mumbai is known extensively for its judicious planning; earning the city a reputation of being a Super City and one of the largest planned city on Earth. Head office at CBD-Belapur SOURCE:
  6. 6. .  MISSION “To plan and create environment-friendly, model urban settlements with fully edged physical and social infrastructure to meet residential, commercial and industrial need of population at present and in the years to come.“  OBJECTIVES 1. To support State-wide location policies which will lead eventually to an efficient and rational distribution of industries over the State, and to a balanced development of urban centres in the hinterland. 2. To provide physical and social services which raise living standards and reduce disparities in the amenities available to different sections of the population. 3. To provide an environment which permits the citizens of the New City to live fuller and richer lives – free, in so far as this is possible, of the physical and social tensions which are commonly associated with urban living, 4. To provide training and all possible facilities to the existing local population in the Project Area, to enable them to adapt to the new urban setting and to participate fully and actively in the economic and social life of the New City.
  7. 7. CIDCO- NAVI MUMBAI PROJECT  The Navi Mumbai project began in 1971.  The seed capital given to CIDCO was Rs. 3.95 cr. and it was expected that it would use land as resource to finance the project.  The Navi Mumbai project area spread over approx. 343.7 sq.kms and contained 95 villages of Thane and Raigad Districts.  The area covered under the project had about 17,000 hectares of private land and an equal area forest and government land.  The existing population in the project area was 1,17,000.  Lack of resources was thus a major concern in the initial stages of development. SOURCE:
  8. 8. HOUSING IN NAVI MUMBAI  The primary objective was to make the land affordable to all income groups and to allow all land uses.  Households in Navi Mumbai are divided into various income categories, especially for the purpose of housing calculation (EWS, LIG, MIG, and HIG).  The higher income groups would pay a surcharge for housing, which would subsidise housing for the lower income groups. CIDCO decided to use a maximum surcharge of 15% on housing for highest income to compensate for a maximum subsidy of 45% to lowest income groups.  CIDCO has constructed about 123,577 of housing stock in the city, out of which 51% of housing for EWS / LIG, while 26% was reserved for MIG and 23% for HIG.  The total housing stock created in Navi Mumbai is about 2,25,000 units, out of which 1,23,577 units are built by CIDCO and rest by private sector.  CIDCO constructed houses for EWS under Bombay Urban Development Project (BUDP) I, II and III in Airoli, Kopar Khairane, Kharghar, Nerul, Kalamboli and New Panvel.  Some ambitious housing projects were also undertaken by the Corporation for different income groups i.e. Gharkul and Spaghetti for LIG, and MIG, Millennium Towers for MIG and Seawoods Estate for HIG like Non Resident Indians. SOURCE:
  9. 9. NAVI MUMBAI-SUPER CITY  Spread over 344 sq. km. land, which includes a 150 km creek line.  14 well-planned nodes, strung along mass transport corridors, effectively serving civic needs (Airoli, Ghansoli, Kopar Khairane, Vashi, Sanpada, Nerul, CBD Belapur, Kharghar, Kamothe, Kalamboli, New Panvel, Ulwe, Dronagiri and Pushpak.  45% land reserved for green zones and open-to-sky activities.  World-class infrastructure with excellent healthcare facilities in every node.  Quality housing for every stratum of society.  World-class education institutes in every node.  Reasonably priced commercial and residential real estate.  Direct access to any part of the country through road and rail. Quick access to Central Business District located in the heart of the city.  In close proximity to the most modern seaport - Jawaharlal Nehru Port.  International airport and Special Economic Zone in the offing.  Only Indian city to have commercial complex above railway stations.  Asia's biggest wholesale market, APMC, is located here. SOURCE:
  10. 10. CONCLUSION  The growth of Navi Mumbai was expected to decongest Mumbai in respect of both population and activities by shifting of industrial, market and office activities in a way that the new city will be sustainable physically, economically and environmentally.  Navi Mumbai has become a unique project by virtue of its pattern of development, housing, social and physical infrastructure, method of finance and sustainable futuristic planning, earning the city a reputation of being a Super City and one of the largest planned city.