Women

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Women

  1. 1. Women: Careers in Cardiology June 3-4, 2005 Heart House
  2. 2. <ul><li>Is inclusion of women in cardiology solved, or only a US problem? …. </li></ul><ul><li>2005: women > 50% medical school graduates, but only 14% of cardiology trainees and only 6% of current ACC fellows are women </li></ul><ul><li>President Pamela Douglas MD, President’s Page, JACC 45:1543, 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>35 th Bethesda Conference: Cardiology’s Workforce Crisis - 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Working Group of the British Cardiology Society - 2005 </li></ul>Women: Careers in Cardiology
  3. 3. <ul><li>What do we know today about …. </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging trends in cardiology training? </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiology subspecialty selection </li></ul><ul><li>Career selection </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for change </li></ul>Women: Careers in Cardiology
  4. 4. Women: Careers in Cardiology American Board of Internal Medicine 2005 |
  5. 5. Women: Careers in Cardiology Percentage of First-Year Internal Medicine Fellows who are Female American Board of Internal Medicine 2005 |
  6. 6. Number of First -Year Internal Medicine Fellows by Subspecialty American Board of Internal Medicine 2005 |
  7. 7. Women: Careers in Cardiology <ul><li>The proportion of US/Canadian medical school graduates entering cardiovascular disease increased from 57% to 66% from 1999 to 2003. </li></ul>American Board of Internal Medicine 2005 |
  8. 8. Women: Careers in Cardiology The percentage of cardiovascular disease fellows who are women has increased from 15% in 1999/00 to 18% in 2002/03. But…. American Board of Internal Medicine 2005 |
  9. 9. Women: Careers in Cardiology Number of First Year Fellows by Suspecialty (1) (1) Some data presented here differs from earlier reports because the table has been updated to reflect the most accurate data currently available. Number of First Year Fellows by Subspecialty American Board of Internal Medicine 2005 | 112 100 61 71 69 64 47 45 58 48 Cardiac EP 247 220 203 170 149 150 135 98 -- -- Interv. Cardiology 737 787 723 688 670 658 642 707 763 796 Cardiology 03/04 02/03 01/02 00/01 99/00 98/99 97/98 96/97 95/96 94/95  
  10. 10. Percentage of First-Year Fellows by Gender American Board of Internal Medicine 2005 | Women: Careers in Cardiology 9 6 12 8 16 5 4 16 7 6 Cardiac EP 4 4 6 6 3 3 7 7 -- -- Interv. Cardiology 18 17 18 14 15 14 17 13 14 14 Cardiology 32 31 30 29 27 25 24 24 24 23 % F Total 03/04 02/03 01/02 00/01 99/00 98/99 97/98 96/97 95/96 94/95    
  11. 11. Women: Careers in Cardiology
  12. 12. Women: Careers in Cardiology <ul><li>Career Number Percent </li></ul><ul><li>Total 462 </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical Cardiology 252 55 % </li></ul><ul><li>ECHO / Non Invasive 55 12 </li></ul><ul><li>Interventional Cardiology 47  10 </li></ul><ul><li>Heart Failure and Transplant  30  6.5 </li></ul><ul><li>EP 26  5.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Research, Full - time  13 2.8 </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear Cardiology  12  2.6 </li></ul><ul><li>Other (Including Industry, Gov’t) 9  1.9 </li></ul><ul><li>Preventive Cardiology  8  1.7 </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Care Medicine  7 1.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Invasive Cardiology  2  < 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Administration   1 < 1 </li></ul><ul><li>------------------------------------------ </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiovascular Surgery  5 </li></ul><ul><li>Pediatric Cardiology  49  </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmacology  1  1  </li></ul>ACC Women in Cardiology Section 2005 Sample n=462 from total 2600
  13. 13. <ul><li>ACC Professional Life Survey – 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Female cardiologists were: </li></ul><ul><li>More likely to be single ( 19 vs 4%) or childless (37 vs 12%) </li></ul><ul><li>More likely to depend on child caregivers (66 vs 23%) </li></ul><ul><li>Perceive lack of peer parity (39 vs 3%) </li></ul><ul><li>Perceive discrimination in conduct of professional activities (71 vs 21%) </li></ul>Women: Careers in Cardiology
  14. 14. <ul><li>What are opportunities for change? </li></ul><ul><li>Early in the path: Talent identification and recruitment </li></ul><ul><li>Mentoring – when and how </li></ul><ul><li>Develop critical support structures in the work place – including child care </li></ul><ul><li>Addressing the interventional “macho” barrier </li></ul><ul><li>What can we learn from industry? </li></ul>Women: Careers in Cardiology
  15. 15. <ul><li>What can we learn from industry? </li></ul><ul><li>High level commitment to work environment and culture that promotes inclusiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Value proposition of Intellectual Capital – inclusiveness optimizes talent and talent development for benefit of organization, as well as the individual </li></ul><ul><li>Develop processes for managing and enhancing an organizational culture of inclusiveness </li></ul>Women: Careers in Cardiology
  16. 16. Women: Careers in Cardiology Campus & Experienced Recruiting Leadership Development Metrics for Success & Change Succession Management Performance Development Culture Communications Mentor Groups Diversity Strategy ACC & ESC Medical Schools Women Leaders: Senior & Emerging! Workplace
  17. 17. <ul><li>Women in Cardiology – the next Organizational Performance Measure? </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership recruitment, development & succession planning </li></ul><ul><li>National forums for peer-reviewed recognition of success: both the individual and organization </li></ul><ul><li>Transparent metrics for parity </li></ul>Women: Careers in Cardiology

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