THE US-IRAQ WAR20 March 2003 – 18 December 2011(8 years, 8 months and 3 weeks)
The Iraq War was a conflict triggered by an invasionof Iraq by the United States and the United KingdomThe governments of the United States and the UnitedKingdom claimed that Iraqs alleged possession of weaponsof mass destruction (WMD) posed a threat to their securityand that of their regional alliesIn 2002, the United Nations Security Council passedResolution which called for Iraq to completely cooperatewith UN weapon inspectors to verify that Iraq was not inpossession of WMD and cruise missiles
Prior to the attack, the United Nations Monitoring,Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC)found no evidence of WMD, but could not yet verifythe accuracy of Iraqs declarations regarding whatweapons it possessed, as their work was stillunfinished. A UN weapons inspector in Iraq.
On March 16, 2003, the U.S. government advised theU.N. inspectors to leave their unfinished work and exit fromIraqOn March 20 the U.S conducted a military invasion of Iraqwithout declaring warThe invasion led to an occupation and the eventual capture ofPresident Hussein, who was later tried in an Iraqi court of lawand executed by the new Iraqi government.Violence against coalition forces and among various sectariangroups soon led to the Iraqi insurgency, strife between manySunni and Shia Iraqi groups, and the emergence of a newfaction of Al-Qaeda in Iraq
WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTIONYellowcake uraniumBefore the Gulf War, in 1990, Iraq had stockpiled 550 shorttons (500 t) of yellowcake uranium at the Tuwaitha nuclearcomplex
In late February 2002, the CIA sent formerAmbassador Joseph C. Wilson to investigate reports (laterfound to be forgeries) that Iraq was attempting topurchase additional yellowcake from Niger. In the January 2003, State of theUnion address, in which PresidentBush declared that Iraq had soughturanium, citing British intelligencesources
IRAQ WAR PREPARATIONSBefore the war during 2002 US aircraft were patrolling the no-fly zone of Iraq and by August 2002 become an full air offensiveit was designed to degrade the Iraqi air defense systemIt was found that Iraq had the means of attacking US withbiological or chemical weaponBush was allegedly floating the idea of painting a U-2 spyplanein UN colors and letting it fly low over Iraq to provoke Iraqiforces into shooting it down, thereby providing a pretext for theUnited States and Britain to invade.
PROTESTS AGAINST THE IRAQ WARBeginning in 2002, and continuing after the 2003 invasionof Iraq, large-scale protests against the Iraq War wereheld in many cities worldwide, often coordinated to occursimultaneously around the worldIn some Arab countries demonstrations were organized bythe state. Europe saw the biggest mobilization of protesters,including a rally of three million people in Rome
Signs outside BrooklynThe February 15, 2003 anti-war protest inLondon
OPERATION RED DAWNOperation Red Dawn was the U.S. military operationconducted on 13 December 2003 in the town of ad-Dawr,Iraq that captured Iraq President Saddam Hussein
Operation Red Dawn was launched after gaining actionableintelligence identifying two likely locations of SaddamThe Forces involved in the operation consisted ofapproximately 600 soldiers including cavalry, artillery,aviation, engineer and special operations forces. The forcescleared the two objectives but initially did not find thetarget.An additional suspicious site was identified and searched.The area was a small, walled, mud hut compound with ametal lean-to structure. Within the structure a "spider hole"entrance, camouflaged with bricks and dirt was located. Thehole was about 6-8 feet deep with space allowing anindividual to lie down.
Saddam Hussein was found hiding at the bottom of the hole. Hewas captured without resistance.Items confiscated during the raid include two AK-47 rifles, apistol, $750,000.00 U.S. dollars and one white/orange taxi.
2004: Insurgency expandsThe start of 2004 was marked by a relative lull in violence.Insurgent forces reorganized during this time, studying themultinational forces tactics and planning a renewed offensive.However, violence did increase during the Iraq Spring Fightingof 2004 with foreign fighters from around the Middle East aswell as al-Qaeda in Iraq
The most serious fighting of the war so far began on March 31, 2004,when Iraqi rebellion in Fallujah ambushed a Blackwater USA convoy led byfour U.S. private military contractors who were providing security for foodcaterersThe four armed contractors, were killed with grenades and small arms fire.Subsequently, their bodies were dragged from their vehicles by local people,and beaten and set ablazePhotos of the event were released to news agencies worldwide, causing agreat deal of indignation and moral outrage in the United States, andprompting an unsuccessful "pacification" of the city: the First Battle ofFallujah in April 2004.
Withdrawal of U.S. troops from IraqOn 27 February 2009 in North Carolina, President Barack Obamaannounced a deadline for the withdrawal of combat troops from Iraq.According to the president, by 31 August 2010, after nearly seven anda half years of United States military engagement in Iraq, all but a"transitional force" of 35,000 to 50,000 troops would be withdrawnfrom the Middle Eastern nationOn 19 August 2010, the Stryker Brigade, was the last US combatbrigade to withdraw from Iraq. About 50,000 US troops will remainin the country in an advisory capacity.According to the US, theyll help to train Iraqi forces in a new missiondubbed by the US as "Operation New Dawn," which will run until theend of 2011
Last U.S. convoy crosses the border from Iraq into Kuwait on December 18, 2011U.S. and Kuwaititroops closing the gatebetween Kuwait andIraq on December 18,2011.
IRAQ WAR LOGSThe Iraq War documents leak is the WikiLeaks disclosure ofa collection of 3 lakh U.S Army field reports, also called theIraq War Logs, of the Iraq War from 2004 to 2009 toseveral international media organizations and published onthe Internet by WikiLeaks on 22 October 2010The leak resulted in the Iraq Body Count project adding15,000 civilian deaths to their count, bringing their total toover 150,000, with roughly 80% of those civiliansWikileaks made the documents available to a number ofmedia organisations The Guardian, The New York Times, AlJazeera, he Bureau of Investigative Journalism, and the IraqBody Count project.
POPULAR CULTUREMovies which are based on Iraq wars areThe A teamBody of liesThe hurt lockerThe Men Who Stare at Goats