Presentation on facility layout Presented by Dharmender kumar Presented to Mba college
Definition Plant layout refers to the arrangement of physical facilities such as machines, equipment, tools, furniture etc. in such a manner so as to have quickest flow of material at the lowest cost and with the least amount of handling in processing the product from the receipt of raw material to the delivery of the final product.
Objectives of good Plant Layout A well designed plant layout is one that can be beneficial in achieving the following objectives: Proper and efficient utilization of available floor space Transportation of work from one point to another point without any delay Proper utilization of production capacity. Reduce material handling costs Utilize labour efficiently Reduce accidents
Provide for volume and product flexibility Provide ease of supervision and control Provide for employee safety and health Allow easy maintenance of machines and plant. Improve productivity
TYPES OF LAYOUT: There are mainly four types of plant layout: (a) Product or line layout (b) Process or functional layout (c) Fixed position or location layout (d) Combined or group layout
PROCESS LAYOUTPROCESS LAYOUTS ARE FOUNDPRIMARILY IN JOB SHOPS, ORFIRMS THAT PRODUCECUSTOMIZED, LOW-VOLUMEPRODUCTS THAT MAY REQUIREDIFFERENT PROCESSINGREQUIREMENTS ANDSEQUENCES OF OPERATIONS
PRODUCT LAYOUTProduct layouts are found in flow shops .Flow shops produce high-volume, highly standardized products that require highly standardized, repetitive processes
FIXED-POSITION LAYOUTfixed-position layout isappropriate for a productthat is too large or tooheavy to move.
COMBINATION LAYOUTSMany situations call for a mixture of the three main layout types. These mixtures are commonly called combination or hybrid layouts
CELLULAR LAYOUTCellular manufacturing is a type of layout where machines are grouped according to the process requirements for a set of similar items that require similar processing.
OTHER LAYOUTS In addition to the aforementioned layouts, there are others that are more appropriate for use in service organizations. These include warehouse/storage layouts, retail layouts, and office layouts.
Advantages of facility layout Improved Utilization of Labor Effective Use of Available Area Minimization of Production Delays Improved Quality Control Minimum Equipment Investment Better Production Control Better Supervision
Improved Employee Morale Morale will be increases by giving (a)Better working condition (b)Better employee facilities (c)Reduced number of accidents (d)Increased earnings
Problem in facility layout Requirement of raw material Distance of the plant Workers availability Business work Availability of transport better use of scare resource