It is the belief that one is capable of performing in a certain manner to attain certain goals.It is the measure of ones own competence to complete tasks and reach goals. According to Maura Kear,” “Self efficacy implies a conscious awareness of ones ability, to be effective, to control actions or overcome.
ADVANTAGESHigh level of self efficacy enhance ones accomplishment.It helps one to remain calm when approaching challenging tasks.Building self efficacy in multiple areas increases one confidenceHigh efficacy increases ones willingness to experiment with new ideas.
DISADVANTAGES High self efficacy don not always guarantee positive outcome. Personal factors and distorted memories of previous tasks can distort ones self efficacy. One can have low self efficacy following failure or setbacks that causes them to lose faith in their capabilities and to develop increased stress and depression.
Self effectiveness affects all aspects of life, including exercise and health behaviors, emotional responses, academic pursuits and career choices.According to Ormrod,social cognitive theorists believe self effectiveness is developed from ones previous success and failures, messages that others communicate, successes and failures of others and the group as a whole.
The process by which people control how they are perceived and evaluated by others.According to Sehlenher, ”Impression Mgmt is defined as the conscious or unconscious attempt to control images that are projected in real or imagined social interactions”.According to Brown," Self Presentation is any behavior indented to create, modify or maintain an impression of ourselves in the minds of others”.
Impression Motivation i) Relevance of these impressions in helping the individual attain his goals. ii) The value of the goals to the individual iii) The gap b/w the existing image / impression & the desired and image.
Impression Construction i) The self-concept ii) Desired and undesired identity images. iii) Role constraints (Limitation of ones position or role) iv) Targets value v) Current social image
Refers to a cluster of characteristics closely related to the ability to adapt ones behavior to current social situation.People who closely monitor themselves are categorized as high self-monitors and often behave in a manner that is highly responsive to social cues and their situational context.