Pest –Responsible for man’s possession,
Several kinds of pests around him.
Natural enemies of agriculture.
Nightmare of Indian farmer.
The FAO defines pesticide as any
substance intended for preventing ,
destroying ,repelling , attracting any pest
During –production ,processing etc.
Any substance-before or after harvest to
product the commodity.the term
fertilizers ,plant ,animal nutrients and food
Pesticide residue concern
Detection is easy
Organochlorine insecticide –most
notorious because, long persistence
Presence of pesticide
Drinking water ,milk ,beverages etc.
Considered as poisonous adulterants in
food above prescribed level ads illegal.
Suspected health risks to humans.
All India Coordinated Research projects
(AICRPs) during research.
4000 sample vegetable 55%
61% of 712 vegetable sample.
Exceed 11% of MRL values.
Bovine milk 52% contaminated by DDT ,94%
Insecticide and their restrictions
Banned (for use in
Food safety concerns
In USA Pilot study
-perception & behavior in response to this
new risk information.
-companies are – offer vegetables without
pesticide at double prices.
Food safety Risk analysis
It refers to the levels of acceptable risk by
European community –considering zero
risk factor in food.
Ecological magnification of
Control the mosquito
DDT Residue in breast milk
Pesticide residue in food
January 1 ,1995 successor to GATT
(General agreement on tariffs and Trade)
Fortune opportunity to export raw &
processed agricultural pts.
In 1996 AIBA detect our consignment of
tea ,rice ,fruits etc.
Importing western countries due to their
high pesticide residue
‘Darjeeling gold brand’ of tea exported to
Germany by Indian tea market.
In 1995 rejected.
Health hazards from pesticide
Above the tolerance level harmful to
Like the neurological & psychological
Chronic toxicities cause by pesticide.
Pesticide regulation framework
Mammalian toxicity cause by improper
handling ,users etc.
The codex Alimentarius is a collection of
internationally adopted food standards ,
maximum residue limit for pesticides &
Pesticide residue research
& planning organization
In 1984 –monitoring of pesticide residue in
raw & processed food by ICAR.
Head office at Delhi.
Assistant director general (PFA) is
responsible for MRL values.
In 1972 400 peoples reportedly died in
Iraq by eating of bread.
Cereals treated with fungicide.
Provides monitoring of pesticide residues.
Soil and water.
Enforcement of tolerance limits by the
state and central government.
- Regulate import ,manufacture ,sale
,transport ,distribution use of
- CAC joint with FAO and WHO