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Afghan issue

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Afghan issue

  1. 1. ABOUT COUNTRY : • IS A LANDLOCKED COUNTRY • LOCATED IN CENTRAL ASIA • POPULATION 29 MILLON • •AREA 647500 SQ KM. • 42ND MOST POPULATED • 41ST LARGEST
  2. 2. HISTORY •INFLUENCE OF US AND USSR AFTER 1947 • WAR(1979-1989) BETWEEN MUJAHIDDINS (US) AND AFGHAN GOVERNMENT (SOVIET) • 1990 CIVIL WAR
  3. 3. ERA 1991-2001 • TALIBAN ATTACK KABUL >>DEFEATED BY AHMED SHAH MASSOUD (ISLAMIC STATE GOVT) • 1994 TALIBAN DEGRADED BECAUSE OF SERIES OF DEFEAT • AID BY PAKISTAN(SOLDIERS),UAE(FINANCE) = REGIONAL INTEREST
  4. 4. •SEPTEMBER 1996 ,ATTACK KABUL >> DEFETED MASSOUD >>ESTABLISD ISLAMIC EMIRATES OF AFGHANISTAN • TALIBAN STARTED MASSARCE BY FOLLOWING ISLAMIC RULES •ACC. TO PHR (PHYSICIAN FOR HUMAN RIGHTS) -- ”NO OTHER REGIME IN THE WORLD HAS VIOLENTLY FORCED HALF POPULATION IN TO VIRTUAL HOUSE ARREST ”
  5. 5. ENEMY = FRIEND AHMED SHAH MASSOUD + RASHID DUSTUM [LION OF AFGAN] (KABUL) (MAJAR –AE-SHARIF) UNITED FRONT (AGAINST TALIBAN)
  6. 6. DEFEAT OF DUSTUM AND SEIZING OF MAJAR –E-SHARIF • IN 1998, DUSTUM DEFETED • MAJAR-E-SHARIF CAPTURED • ASSITANCE BY UAE ,PAK ,055 BRIGADEOF BIN LADEN • KILLED 2000 PEOPLE DURING THIS OPERATION
  7. 7. ROLE OF PAKISTAN • PARVEZ MUSHARAF (CHIEF OF ARMY STAFF) WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR SENDING 1000’S OF SOLDIERS BACKING TALIBANIS AND LADEN •‘’1994-99, 8000 TO 10000 OFFICIAL ARMY PAKISTANIS WERE TRAINED AND FOUGHT IN AFGHAN TO BACK UP TALIBAN ‘’ BY US STATE DEPT.
  8. 8. 1996-2001 • AL-QAEDA GOT SUPPORT FROM TALIBAN • STARTED TERRORIST ACTIVITS IN LEADERSHIP OF OSAMA AND AYMAN- AL-ZAWAHARI • MASSOUD STATEMENT TO EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT ASKING FOR HELP FOR AFGHAN PEOPLE  INTELLIGENCE INFORMATION ABOUT LARGE SCALE ATTACK ON US SOIL
  9. 9. KILLING OF MASSOUD-- • AFTER TWO DAYS OF HIS STATEMENT TO EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT TWO ARAB SUICIDERS KILLED HIM • FOLLOWED BY 9/11 ATTACK ON US • US RECOGNISED AL-QAEDA AND ISLAMIC EMIRATES OF AFGHAN BEHIND THE ATTACK
  10. 10. OPERATION INDURING FREEDOM •US FORCE + BRITISH ARMY +UNITED FRONT(MASSOUD) STARTED WORKING •THEY TARGETED TALIBANIS WITH MISSILES •MAJAR-E-SHARIF FLEWED AWAY TALIBANIS HAND • TALIBANI MOVE TOWARDS DURAND LINE
  11. 11. PRISIDENTIAL ELECTION DEC 2001 KARZAI WAS MADE THE PRESIDENT OF AFGHAN- - •ISAF WAS ALSO MADE BY UNSC TO SUPPORT PRESIDENT •NATO STARTED PROVIDING THE TRAINING TO AFGHAN POLICE AND AFGHAN FORCES TO START BUILDING DEMOCRACY
  12. 12. LONDON MEETING  2010- KARZAI ASKED UN TO HAD PEACEFUL TALK WITH TALIBAN  ABDULLAH ABDULLAH REFUSED- “THOSE PEOPLE ARE NOT WORTH TALKING,THEY JUST KNOW KILLING AND BEING KILLED”
  13. 13. IMPACT OF NATO  RETURNING OF REFUGEE’S  LOW AND ORDER  ECONOMY GROWTH  HUMAN RIGHTS  MAKING OF GOVT.  TRAINING OF FORCES  EDUCATION AND HEALTH
  14. 14. KILLING OF OSAMA  RELATION TIES B/W US PAK DEGRADED  HAQQANI(JALLALUDDIN) NETWORK STARTED KILLING HIGHER ADMINSTRATIVES WITH THE HELP OF PAKISTAN  US-”PAKISTAN SHOULD TAKE RESPONISIBILITY AND STOP IT’S ARMY AND ISI SUPPORT TO HG”
  15. 15. OPERATION KNIFE EDGE  NATO STARTED, ON 16 OCT 2011  TO DESTROY HG IN SOUTH ESTERN AFGHANISTAN TOWARDS DAURAND LINE  AFGHAN FORCES BACKED NATO AND DESTROYED HG
  16. 16. ANTICIPATED EFFECTS OF WITHDRWAL OF NATO IN 2014
  17. 17. FDI DECREASES  ENHAN FZCO(AFGHAN-US) JOINT VENTURE IN PROCESSING OF AGRICULTURE PRODUCT BROKE UP  DEGRADATION OF INVESTMENT IN HAJIGAK IRON ORE MINES OF US $6 MILLION BY DIFFERENT COUNTRIES
  18. 18. UNCERTAININTY IN GOVT.  LACK IN CENTRALISED POWER  LACK OF GOVERNANCE LEAD TO FALLING OF GOVT.  WILL RISE SAME PROBLEMS AS BEFORE
  19. 19. TERRORISM  HG  TALIBAN  REFUGEES OF NEIGHBOURING COUNTRY
  20. 20. PERSONAL INTEREST OF COUNTRY  NO CHECK ON THE PERSONAL INTEREST OF ANY COUNTRY EX.- CHINA LOOKING IT AS ECONOMICAL HUB THEN INCREASE IN MILITARY INFLUENCE AGAINST CENTRAL ASIAN COUNTRIES AND INDIA  IRAN SOMETIME HELPS ECONOMICALLY KICKING OF REFUGEES OF AFGHAN INVOLVEMENT WITH INSERGENTS
  21. 21. ECONOMICAL RECESSION  THERE WILL BE CUT IN THE INTERNATIONAL FINANCE BY DIFFERENT COUNTRIES  97% OF AFGHAN’S GDP IS $15.7 BILLION COMES FROM FOREIGN INVESTORS  SINCE IT IS 1 OF THE POOR COUNTRY IN WORLD AS TALK ABOUT SELF SUSTAINABLE SO THERE PHASE WILL BE CRITICAL
  22. 22. CORRUPTION  ACC. TO TRANSPERENCY INTERNATIONAL CORRUPTION PERCEPTION INDEX 2010 AFGHANISTAN IS WORLD’S 3RD MOST CORRUPT COUNTRY  MAXIMUM OF THE FUNDS ARE BEING UTILIZED BY HIGHER ADMINISTRATIVES  SO THERE WIILL BE NO CHECKING BY NATO SO IT WILL INCREASE FURTHER
  23. 23. INDIA DO’S  SHOULD MAKE GOOD RELATION BY PROVIDING FUNDS AND TAKE IT AS AN OPPORTUNITY TO ENTER AFGHAN AND INCIRCLE PAKISTAN  START BILETERAL TRADES SO THAT BY OUR EXPORT WE GET GOOD AMOUNT OF PETROLIUM IMPORT
  24. 24.  INVESTMENT IN HAJIGAK IRON ORE MINE WORTH $6 MILLION TO GET HANDSOME AMOUNT OF IRON ORE  MORE NO OF SOLDIERS SHOULD EXCHANGE TRAINNING SO THAT IT INCREASES INDIA’S LEADERSHIP IN THE WORLD
  25. 25. MY VIEWS  PRESIDENT KARZAI SHOULD INFORCE LAW AND ORDER TO REDUCE CRIME RATE, CORRUPTION AND HUMAN RIGHTS VOILATION  THEY SHOULD UNDERSTAND TODAY’S SCENARIO TO MAKE THEMSELVES SUSATINABLE BY USING THEIR LOCAL RESOURCES  RELATION WITH FOREIGN COUNTRIES LIKE CHINA AND INDIA SHOULD INCREASE SO THAT LESS FDI AND LESS ECONOMY WILL NOT PLAY ANY ROLE IN THEIR DEGRADATION
  26. 26. GAURAV SHRIVASTAVA
  27. 27. ANY QUESTION

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  • nupurumesh

    Mar. 24, 2017
  • chumer1515

    Apr. 25, 2019

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