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Working with temperaments


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Working with temperaments

  1. 1. The Four Temperaments
  2. 2. What are the 4 Temperaments?• The 4 Temperaments are one window through which we can see people…• … perhaps understand them a little better…• But there are many other windows…
  3. 3. Other ways of knowing people…For example• Knowing a person’s life story• Observing their relationships• Discovering how they think, what they feel, what they want• ???
  4. 4. What are our temperamentbehaviours?• They are our patterns of behaviour… the ways we usually respond to situations• They are instinctive or natural behaviours, rather than learned behaviours
  5. 5. The Four Temperaments Typical qualities and behaviours…
  6. 6. Fire (Choleric)• Goal oriented, sees the whole picture• Seeks practical solutions• Moves quickly to action• Thrives on opposition• Can be blind to their effect on others• Impatient with meetings – has quick answers• Can create unnecessary work• Good at thinking, judging and deciding (not feeling, perceiving, intuiting)
  7. 7. Water (Phlegmatic)• Good at process• Mediates problems• Avoids conflicts• Finds it hard to be heard• Has good timing• Needs deadlines• Calm under pressure• Takes time but finds the easy way
  8. 8. Air (Sanguine)• Provides positive human atmosphere• Does many things at once• Does not always complete• Gets bored when novelty wears off• Has energy and enthusiasm• Inspires others to join• Cannot say no• Concerned with interaction and conflict• Does not easily know where they stand
  9. 9. Earth (Melancholic)• Schedule and plan orientated• Perfectionist, high standards• Detail conscious• Persistent and thorough• Orderly and organised• Sees the problems, expects the worst• Finds creative solutions• Resists change
  10. 10. What temperaments do I have?• We all have all 4 temperaments in us, but in different mixes• … with one or two being more dominant
  11. 11. Where are temperaments useful?Being aware of our temperaments can help us• to better understand each other’s and our own behaviours• to better appreciate and more fully use what gifts we have• to appreciate our differences• to find ways of bridging these differences
  12. 12. But look out!Temperaments can be hidden• By outside influences on us, (e.g. a very dominant parent)• By other factors such as depression, illness, hormonal imbalances etc. We must avoid labeling others and ourselves too quickly. The temperament I think I see in you may be a mask hiding your true nature