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  1. 1. MR.D.RATHOD
  3. 3. Identification forecasting AnalyzingDistributio & n integrating facility Transform Supplying ation facility
  4. 4.  Production planning Production control Factory building. Provision of plant services Plant layout Physical environment Method study Inventory control Quality control Product department
  5. 5.  Reduction of cost Reduction of loss by in time availability of resources Saving by proper assigning and scheduling of man, machine and material Effectively assigning task an managing Improve decision making Overall improvement of production related activities.
  6. 6.  Poor customer performance Too much stock Shortage of components and raw materials Fall in demand Excessive expenditure and transportation cost Delay payment Wrong decision Selection design Problem of plan layout Priority is not clear Lack of equipment
  7. 7.  Product- meet need and wants – performance – aesthetics– quality – reliability- quantity – production cost– delivery dates Plant – layout , equipment, offices maintenance – health and safety – environmental issue Processes – available capacity – skills- type of production – layout of plant and same. Programs – purchasing patterns – cash flow – need for – avalabitlity of storage – transportation. People – wages and salaries – safety and training – work condition – leadership – motivation – communication – unionisation
  8. 8.  Location of facilities 2. Plant layouts and material handling 3. Product design 4. Process design 5. Production and planning control 6. Quality control 7. Materials management 8. Maintenance management.
  9. 9.  Proximity of market Integration with other parts of the firm Availability of labour & skills Availability of amenities Availability of transport Availability of inputs Availability of services (electricity, drainage, water, disposal waste) Suitability of land & climate
  10. 10.  Regional regulations Room of expansion Safety requirement Site cost Political Social & Economic situation Special grants, regional taxes & Import Export barriers.
  11. 11.  It is layout that deals with low-volume, high variety production in which like machines and equipment are grouped together. Here each product undergoes a different sequence of operations. A good example of process layout ins Hospital and clinic. Advantage- it’s flexibility in equipments & labour assignment. Break down in one machine will not hold the entire process.
  12. 12.  It is suitable specially for goods handling the manufacturing of parts in small batches or job lots and for production of variety of parts in different size or forms. Disadvantage- orders can take more time to move through the system because of changes in steps and unique material handling. It is based on general purpose machine which in turn requires skilled workers, and their wages charges are higher.
  13. 13.  When process layout is design the most common tactic is to arrange department so as to minimize cost of material handling. It tries to minimize loads, times distance related costs.
  14. 14.  The graphic approach is fine for small problems, it cannot however suffice for larger problem. This program often add sophistication with flow charts, multiple story capability, storage and container placement, material volumes, time analysis and cost comparisons. Such programs include CRAFT(computerized relative allocation of facilities technique), ALDEP(automated layout design program), CORELAP(computerized relationship layout planning) & factory flow.
  15. 15.  It is organized around products of families of similar high-volume, low variety of product. Repetitive production and continuous production use product layouts. Assumption are- Volume adequate for high equipment utilization. Product demand is stable enough to justify high investment is specialized equipment. Product standardized a phase of its life cycle that justifies investment in specialized equipment.
  16. 16.  Two types of product oriented layout- fabrication and assembly line. Fabrication line- a machine paced, product oriented facility for building components, such as metal parts of refrigerator. Assembly line- an approach that puts fabricated parts together at a series of workstation; used in repetitive process.
  17. 17.  Assembly line balancing- obtaining output at each workstation on a production line so delay is minimized. Advantage- Low material handling cost Rapid throughput Easier training and supervision Reduced work-in-process inventories
  18. 18.  Disadvantages- High volume required because of large investment needed to establish the process. Work stoppage at any one point ties-up the whole operation.